Jackfruit farming profit per acre and best practices

Jackfruit farming profit per acre and best practices are elaborated here. Jackfruit is one of the largest fruit grown worldwide. Jackfruit demand is growing and European nations like USA, UK are doing jackfruit cultivation in USA, UK on a large scale. India is the largest producer of jackfruit and exports the fruit to many countries.

Jackfruit information

Artocarpus heterophyllus is the scientific name for jackfruit and this wild fruit-producing tree is also known as the jack tree. Jackfruit mostly thrives in tropical lowlands hence it is cultivated in the tropical region on a wide range. Jackfruit is one of the most profitable fruits containing various health benefits.

At present India is the largest producer of jackfruit followed by Bangladesh, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines, Indonesia and Malaysia. Jackfruit is the national fruit of Bangladesh and is commercially cultivated on a large scale in the country. The jackfruit is originally native to India but today it is grown worldwide due to its vital health benefits and market demand.

Jackfruit is considered an option for non-veg due to its porked texture and meat taste. In India, wild Jack fruit is mostly grown in the western ghats. Kerala, Tamilnadu, Asam, and Bihar are major Jackfruit growing states in India. Due to arid and warm humid climate conditions Jackfruit is mainly grown in South India. Elevations of 1400 – 1500 mt are suited for Jackfruit cultivation.

Jackfruit tree soil requirements are easily available in most places and the ideal soil for jackfruit tree are well-drained sandy loam soil. Avoid water logging at your Jackfruit farm so that this fruit can thrive well. However, the presence of chlorine and lime is tolerated by the tree to some extent but the jackfruit tree cannot tolerate moisture stress. Organic fertilizer is best for jackfruit. 

Black gold jackfruit is one of the best varieties in the world however Siddu jack variety is famous in India. There are three popular varieties of jackfruit in Brazil Jacadura, Jaca mole and Jaca manteiga 

Jack tree fruits

Jack tree bears the largest fruits of all trees. The dimension of jackfruit is 55 kg weight (120 pounds), 90 cm in length (35 inches), and 50 cm in diameter (20 inches). A mature Jack tree is capable of producing 200 fruits per year whereas old jack trees can bear up to 500 fruits in a year. 

Jackfruit different names in India

Jackfruit common names in India – Kathal in Hindi, Phanas in Marathi, Phannasa in Gujarati, Panasa in Telugu, Palaa/Varukkai in Tamilnadu, Halasu in Kannada, Chakka in Malayalam, Panasa in Oriya. 

Largest Jackfruit producing states in India 

The highest Jackfruit producing states in India are Tamilnadu, Kerala, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Assam and Orissa. 

Different varieties of jackfruit in India

Soft flesh and firm flesh are two major types of jackfruit in India. For commercial cultivation of jackfruit in India the below-given cultivars are used: 

Hybrid Jack, 5 PLR – 1 (Palur – 1), Ceylon Jack / Singapore Jack, Konkan Prolific, Burliar-1, (T Nagar Selection) and PP1 (Pechiparai-1).

Jack fruit varieties in Brazil

(i) Jacadura or the hard variety (firm flesh) weight 15 – 40 kg, (ii) Jaca mole or the soft variety, smallest fruit, softer and sweetest flesh. (iii) Jaca manteiga or butter variet, fruit flesh hard and soft. 

How to start Jackfruit farming 

To grow jackfruit in Canada, Uk, Texas, India or globally you have to execute the best farming practices on a regular basis at your Jackfruit farm. Some of the important elements required for growing jackfruit are mentioned below:

Jackfruit climate requirements 

Jackfruit thrives better in warm and humid climate conditions. Frost and cold weather are not appropriate for the growth of jackfruit tree. Drain out the water from the soil and don’t allow standing water at your Jackfruit farm.

Soil required for Jackfruit

Fertile and well-drained sandy loam soil is the best soil for Jackfruit tree.

Jackfruit pH value

Soil pH for Jackfruit should be between 6.0 to 7.5.

How to propagate Jackfruit tree

Jackfruit propagation methods are seeds and grafting method. 

Jackfruit water requirements

The jackfruit plant prefers rainy conditions. The jackfruit plant needs regular watering in the first couple of years. The jackfruit tree is sensitive tree for drought conditions therefore irrigation must be given in hot and dry conditions. 

Jackfruit harvesting time

You can harvest Jackfruit tree after 7 years from the planting period. Jackfruit tree yield time is 90 to 110 days after the appearance of the spike.

Jackfruit fruit-bearing age

jackfruit time to bear fruit is 4th year from planting jackfruit. 

Jackfruit trees per acre

On the Jackfruit plantation, 50 to 55 Jackfruit trees per acre are considered good. 

Jackfruit yield per tree in India 

25 to 100 fruits can be expected from 1 jackfruit tree with 10 to 30 kg weight.  

Jackfruit health benefits 

Jackfruit is good for the immune system.

Jackfruit increases blood circulation.

Jackfruit is good for skin health.

Jackfruit is helpful to increase eyesight.

Jackfruit controls blood pressure in a good way.

Jackfruit is helpful for curing asthma.

Jackfruit is good for maintaining a healthy thyroid.

Jackfruit is good for bone health.

Jackfruit boosts energy and prevents anaemia disease.

Jackfruit farming project report

Jackfruit farming cost per acre

1 Jackfruit sapling cost Rs 40 to Rs 100 (depending on variety)

Let’s assume Rs 60 per plant cost jackfruit

If 50 Jackfruit plants are planted in 1 acre then

Jackfruit plantation cost per acre = 50 trees x Rs 60

Planting material cost = Rs 3000

Land operation cost per acre = Rs 10,000 

Drip Irrigation setup per acre = Rs 50,000

Manure and fertilizer cost per acre = Rs 15,000

Labour cost per acre = 25,000

Harvesting cost per acre = Rs 10,000 

Transportation cost = Rs 5000

Marketing cost = Rs 11,000

Miscellaneous cost = Rs 10,000 

Total cost = Rs 139000

Jackfruit farming profit per acre

Jackfruit tree’s per acre = 50 trees

Jackfruit yield per tree = Average 50 healthy fruits

If 1 jack fruit tree produces 50 fruits then

50 jackfruit trees will produce 50 trees x 50 fruits = 2500 fruits

Avergae weight per fruit = 10 kg

Total fruit weight = 2500 fruits x 10 kg = 25000 kg

Jack fruit price in Mumbai = Rs10, Rs25, Rs 50 per kg or more

Let’s take the average price of jackfruit per kg = Rs 11

Jackfruit profit per acre = 25,000 kg x Rs 15 = Rs 3,75,000

Net Profit = Jackfruit profit per acre – Jackfruit cost per acre 

Net Profit jackfruit = Rs 3,75,000 – Rs 139000

Net Profit = Rs 236000

Note – Profit margin may differ according to the demand, region and variety. Remember, this profit will begin after the 7th year when your tree will start bearing fruits till then you have to manage the cost without any profit. 

FAQ

What is jackfruit?

Jackfruit is a highly demanding tropical tree fruit that is widely grown in Asia, South Africa and South America. It is a big size fruit that contains a weight between 10 kg to 50 kg. The fruit has pour type flesh and it tastes like meat. 

Jackfruit is the national fruit of which country?

Bangladesh’s national fruit name is Jackfruit.

What is Jackfruit called in Hindi?

Jackfruit is known as Kathal in the Hindi language.

What is the weight of jackfruit?

A healthy Jackfruit weight can be anywhere between 10 to 30 kg.

How many Jackfruit plants should I plant per acre?

50-60 jackfruit plants are good to install on 1 acre.

Is Jackfruit farming profitable?

Yes, jackfruit cultivation is very profitable but it needs time to produce profit. According to our project report once your plant starts bearing fruits you can earn approximately Rs  236000 per acre in 1 year. However, until the 7th year you have to pay the maintenance cost of your farm from your pocket.

Who is the largest producer of jackfruit in the world?

India is the largest producer of jackfruit in the entire world.

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