How to grow passion fruit vine for profit

Hello farmers, if you are thinking how to grow passion fruit vine for profit in your country? No worries! Your problem is solved here. Passion fruit growing requirements have been shared here with an explanation step by step.

Let’s dive in deeper

Passion fruit information

Passion fruit belongs to the family “Passifloraceae”. Passion fruit is a traditional fruit that is being grown for centuries. Basically, passion fruit is native to Brazil country and Brazil is the largest producer of passion fruit. Passion fruit in India is mostly grown in western ghats.

Passion fruit commercial farming is being done in Himachal Pradesh and the eastern states of India. Passion fruit uses are vast, and passion fruit is used to produce quality squash due to its Aroma and nutritious juices are also made by the fruit.

Passion fruit juice is often used to make ice cream, pies and cakes. In North Eastern India the passion fruit tree leaves are consumed as vegetables and tenders leaves are used for medicinal purposes. Passion fruit is mostly consumed as juice in comparison to eating raw fruits.

Passion fruit tree

Passion fruit wines are able to produce fruits for 5 months and they may take up to 18 months to produce the first fruit. Passion fruit tree lifespan is about 5 to 7 years therefore they are considered short-lived bearing fruits. Passion fruits contain round to oval shapes and the vines of passion fruit are shallow rooted, perennial, woody and climbing by nature. 

Passion fruit in India growing states

Passion fruit in India is grown in Western Ghats ( Kodaikanal, Shevroys, Malabar, Coorg, Wynad and Nilgiris). When it comes to commercial passion fruit farming Himachal Pradesh is one of the commercial growing passion fruit state in India. Apart from Himachal Pradesh Nagaland, Mizoram, Manipur and Meghalaya are also doing commercial passion fruit farming on a large scale. 

Passion fruit local names

Passion fruit is good for cardiovascular benefits.

Passion fruit is helpfull in insomnia treatment.

Passion fruit helps in weight loss. 

Passionfruit is helpful to reduce anxiety.

Passion fruit contains good number of antioxidants.

Passion fruit contains sufficient amount of iron.

Iron is helpful in relieving anaemia. 

Passion fruit is good for controlling blood pressure.

Passion fruit is helpful in improving blood circulation. 

Regular consumption of passion fruit improves eye site.

Passion fruit is helpful in curing asthma disease.

Passion fruit local names

Doore Hannu – Kannada 

Utkata phala – Gujarati

Krishna phal – Hindi

Krishna Kamala Pandu – Telugu

Tatputpalam – Tamil 

Utkatatena phala – Marathi

Top passion fruit growing countries 

With 65% of global production, Brazil holds the number 1 position in producing passion fruit. Passion fruit is also grown in these countries: Paraguay, Northern Argentina, the United States, California, Florida and Hawaii. 

Major passion fruit growing states in India

Assam, Manipur and Mizoram are doing commercial passion fruit cultivation in India. 

Commercial varieties of passion fruit in India 

For passion fruit commercial farming in India mainly three varieties are famous: (1) Yellow passion fruit (2) Purple passion fruit and (3) Kaveri hybrid passion fruit. Kaveri passion fruit is a mixture of purple and yellow colour.

Yellow passion fruit –  

  1. Best for lower elevations. 
  2. Produce less yield at high elevations due to the sensitive nature to lower temperature conditions. 
  3. Yellow passion fruit is bigger in size than purple variety passion fruit.
  4. Yellow passion fruit is round in shape with yellow spots.
  5. The weight of yellow passion fruit is 60 to 65 grams.
  6. Good tolerance capacity.
  7. Yellow passion fruit turns golden yellow colour when ripe.

 Purple passion fruit

  1. The purple passion fruit variety is able to produce good passion fruit yield per acre at higher elevations.
  2. The fruit is about 5 cm in diameter. 
  3. The weight of purple passion fruit is about 35 to 50 grams.
  4. The purple passionfruit variety is known for its flavour and nutrient content.
  5. This passion fruit variety turns into deep purple colour when ripe.

Hybrid Kaveri passion fruit 

  1. Hybrid Kaveri passion fruit is developed in Indian Institute of Horticulture Research in Karnataka (IIRK) India. 
  2. Hybrid Kaveri variety is a cross of purple and yellow passion fruit variety.
  3. Hybrid Kaveri passion fruit variety is the best variety of passion fruit in comparison to yellow and purple passion fruits.
  4. Weight of a single Kaveri passion fruit is around 90 to 110 grams.
  5. Colour of Kaveri passion fruit is purple and has qualities similar to purple passion fruit. 
  6. Hybrid passion fruit has a high tolerance for common plastic diseases. 

How to grow passion fruit vine for profit

To start passion fruit farming for profit in your country you should implement the best farming practices which are given in this article. 

passion fruit vine

What are the passion fruit climate requirements?

Passion fruit climate zone – Passion fruit grows well in tropical and subtropical climate conditions that are humid. The fruit grows up to 2100 m at high altitudes. 

How much water for passion fruit is required

Passion for water requirements – Passion fruit needs well distributed annual rainfall of 10 to 25 cm. 

Passion fruit temperature requirements

The ideal temperature for passion fruit is 20ºC to 30°C. Passion fruit temperature tolerance is 18 to 20 degree celsius. In cold climate conditions temperature below 15 degree celsius is not good for the vegetative growth of the fruit. 

Passion fruit soil requirements

Well drained sandy soil is required for passion fruit farming. Soil with good moisture content and good organic matter is used for growing passion fruit in Brazil. Soil having less salt content is good for passion fruit cultivation.

Passion fruit soil pH level

pH ranging between 6.0 to 7.0 is ideal for passion fruit. 

Passion fruit propagation methods

There are three methods for propagating passion fruits: vegetative propagation method,   seed propagation method and grafting rootstock method. Passion fruit vegetative method consumes long time so farmers prefer seed propagation method to begin the fruit cultivation.

Passion fruit plant spacing

Passion fruit spacing depends on the variety of the seeds and training system.

Passion fruit bower system – 3 m x 3 m for 1000 passion fruit plants per hectare.

Kniffin system – 2 m x 3 m for 1600 passion fruit plants per hectare.

Passion fruit intercropping

passion fruit flower

Some of the crops to intercrop with passion fruits are turmeric, ginger or any shade-loving crop that can be planted with passion fruits. 

Is passion fruit farming profitable

Yes, passion fruit farming is a profit-making farming model. You should look at the below-given stats.

Passion fruit yield per hectare

Purple passion fruit yield – 10 to 12 tonnes per hectare.

Hybrid kaveri variety – 18 to 21 tonnes per hectare.

Passion fruit yield per vine

Passion fruit yield per plant – 8 to 10 kg or 210 to 255 passion fruit per vine can be obtained.

Health benefits of passion fruit

Passion fruit is good for intestinal health.

Passion fruit is good for cardiovascular benefits.

Passion fruit is helpful in insomnia treatment.

Passion fruit helps in weight loss. 

Passionfruit is helpful to reduce anxiety.

Passion fruit contains good number of antioxidants.

Passion fruit contains sufficient amount of iron.

Iron is helpful in relieving anaemia. 

Passion fruit is good for controlling blood pressure.

Passion fruit is helpful in improving blood circulation. 

Regular consumption of passion fruit improves eye site.

Passion fruit is helpful in curing asthma disease.

FAQ

How to grow passion fruit vine in Australia?

Full fill the passion fruit requirements such as sandy soil having pH between 6 to 7 with good organic matter and humidity. For growing passion fruit in Australia temperature required for fruit should be between 20°c to 25°C.

How long does passion fruit take to produce fruits?

The passion fruit vine needs at least 5 months to produce the first passion fruit.

How long does about a passion fruit plant last?

Passion fruit is considered short living vines and can live for 5 to 7 years. After 7 years you have to again plant new vines of passion fruit in your garden.

Are passion fruits available in India?

Yes, states like Manipur, Mizoram and Assam are growing passion fruit on a large scale.

Which is the best variety of passion fruit to grow in India?

Hybrid Kaveri passion fruit is the passion fruit best variety in India.

What are the passion fruit fertilizer recommendations?

1st year – Apply 10 kg FMY and from 2nd year apply 15 kg FMY/vine.

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