Orange farming profit per acre and hectare

By planting 150 orange trees on 1 acre farmers can achieve a net profit of around Rs 41,500 after deducting the cost. Whereas by planting 300 trees in 1 hectare farmer can achieve around Rs 94,500 after deducting the cost of Rs 145500.

Quick Overview – 150 orange trees per acre, 300 trees per hectare, yield per tree 10 kg, cost per hectare Rs 145500 and profit per acre Rs 41,500 to Rs 55000 approximately.

Introduction – Orange is a citrus plant and a modified Berry which is also known as hesperidium. The fruit is covered by a yellow peel which looks yellow in colour after ripening and green in colour before ripe. The tree is a flowering variety and it is an evergreen tree in India. Orange tree height is 9 to 10 meters containing oval-shaped leaves.

The mesocarp is the white bitter tissue situated under the peel of the fruit. It has a sweet and sour taste mostly used in fruit juices and shakes and the leaves contain a medicinal value.

Orange farming in India

Nagpur is well known as an orange city due to its huge production and major trade centre of oranges. If you are willing to start orange cultivation then all the needed information is given here including temperature, plant spacing and all other practices.

This juicy fruit is also addressed as sweet orange and it is one of the most cultivated fruits in the world. It is well known as santara in Hindi. It belongs to the citrus fruit category and is found in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. This fruit tree is not a wild species actually it is licked by cross-breeding two other varieties of citrus fruits.

First cultivation was started by North Eastern India later in the 13th century it was the beginning of orange farming in South America and Central America. This fruit also travelled to Europe region during the 13th century.

4 subcategories – Common, Pigmented, Navel and Acidic oranges.

Orange production in India 

Somehow, India only produces 9.23 tonnes per hectare. India exports oranges to countries: Bangladesh, Kuwait, and Oman. Commercial orange farming in Maharashtra is done on a large scale and when it comes to accountability the state alone contributes 40% of the total orange production in India.

Orange commercial cultivation in Madhya Pradesh and Assam is also done on a large scale by farmers therefore these two states hold respectively second and third positions in production. 

Nagpur oranges are famous for their fruit quality and have a geographical indication tag (GIT). 

Orange production in the world – After the US, Indonesia and Turkey India is the third largest producer of oranges in the world. 

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Orange farming profit per acre and hectare

If you are thinking is orange farming profitable or not? Your answer is given below in this project report. The orange tree starts bearing fruit after 3 years so cost is calculated for 3 years.

Project Report

Orange farming cost per hectareOrange farming profit per hectareOrange farming profit per acre in India
Orange plant cost = Rs 25 per plant. 
Trees per hectare = 300 trees. 
Planting material cost = Rs 25 x 300 plants = Rs 7500.
Ground preparation cost = Rs 7000.
Labour cost = Rs 10,000.
Irrigation cost = Rs 10,000.
Fertilizer = Rs 8000.
Plant protection charges = Rs 6000.
Tool cost = Rs 48,500.
Cost for 3 years = Rs 48,500 x 3 = Rs 145500.
Orange yield per tree = 10 kg (approx).
Trees per hectare = 300 trees. 
Tree yield per hectare = 10 kg x 300 trees = 3000 kg.
1 kg of orange price in India = Rs 70, Rs 80, Rs 100 or more (variety).
Let’s take the orange price per kg = Rs 80. 
Orange farming profit = Rs 80 x 3000 kg fruits = Rs 2,40,000.
Net Profit = Profit – Cost.
Net Profit = Rs 2,40,000 – Rs 145500 = Rs 94,500.
1 acre = 130 trees.
Yield per tree = 10 kg.
Orange yield per acre = 10 kg x 130 trees = 1300 kg.
Price per kg = Rs 70 to Rs 100.
Average price = Rs 80.
Profit = Rs 80 x 1300 kg = Rs 104000.
Net profit = Profit – cost.
Net Profit = Rs 104000 – Rs 145500.
Net profit = Rs 41,500.
Orange farming profit per acre and per hectare along with the cost is given in the table.

Note – This is the assumption of the project report which may vary according to the variety, market, demand labour charges, etc.

How to grow oranges with best practices

orange tree

Varieties in India

There are 5 types of oranges in India and these varieties are cultivated on a large commercial scale: Khasi Mandarin, Darjeeling Santra, Nagpur Santra, Coorg Mandarin, and Kinnow.

Suitable climate 

Arid and semi-arid regions of the southwest are suitable climate conditions for growing oranges. Humid regions of the northeast are also the best growing conditions. 

Temperature required

Growing the fruit in the subtropical region is quite beneficial for production. The ideal temperature for growing oranges is 13°C to 37°C. Some varieties can be grown up to 2000 meters above sea level. 

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Soil requirement

Light and well-drained soil are considered for these plants. The ideal soil for oranges is sandy loam, alluvial soil, clay loam and laterite soil. 

Soil PH for orange trees – 5.5 to 7.5. 

Water requirements

When it comes to water requirements the plant needed 900 to 1100 mm of water per year. For watering the plants needed intervals of 10 to 15 days during winter and 5 to 7 days intervals are required during the summer season.

Orange plants are more water-consuming plants in comparison to other sub-tropical fruit plants. They need 60 to 170 litres of water a day. We recommend drip irrigation for orange cultivation, especially in low-rainfall areas. 

Propagation methods

Propagation is done through seeds or grafts. Seed propagation takes a long time almost 8 to 10 years so this method is hardly practiced by farmers. The grafting method which is also known as the orange vegetative method is popular among farmers due to its quick results. In comparison to seed propagation vegetative propagation takes 3 to 5 years to produce fruits. 

Grafting – In this method 8 to 12 inches of budwood is obtained from the healthy orange tree and is inserted under the bark of the host tree. Rootstock plant should be selected and a one-inch vertical cut is made with the help of a sharp knife. At the bottom of the vertical cut, the horizontal cut is made in such a way that it looks like a Converse T. The graft is wrapped under the tape and it is recommended to remove it after 30 days only.

Land preparation

A couple of plowing is necessary for farm preparation. The pit size should be 1x1x1 meters and each pit needs to be filled with a mix of FYM 15-20 kg. Moreover, 500 gram of superphosphate and topsoil is also required in these pits. 

Planting time in India

The best time for planting oranges in India is June to August. 

Plant spacing

Normal density – Spacing in meters is 6 x 6 meters for 300 orange trees per hectare. 

High-density – High-density planting is done in hilly regions (1800 plants).

Manure and fertilizer

Fill each pit – half kg of superphosphate.

During first year – 20 kg FYM per plant.

Subsequent years – 10 kg, 15 kg, 20 kg respectively. 

Annual supplement – 

3 split doses – 100-gram nitrogen in 3 split doses: April, August and November. 

2 split doses – 50-gram phosphorous fertilizer during August and November.

If the soil looks black clayey – 25 grams of potassium fertilizer is required.

Important micronutrients – Important micronutrients required for the orange plant are zinc, manganese and iron. Copper, boron and molybdenum also play an important role in the requirement.

Pest and diseases

Whiteflies, scales, thrips,  mealybugs, nematodes, leaf miners, citrus psyllids, aphids, mites and orange dogs.

Harvesting season in India 

Harvesting time is considered 3 to 4 years from the planting period. Generally orange produces 3 flushes termed: 

Ambiya bahar during december – January. 

Mrig bahar during June – July.

Hasth bahar during Sep – oct. 

The orange tree takes 3 to 4 years from planting to bear fruits on the tree. 

Properties of an orange 

The taste of the orange depends on the sugar and acid ratio.

The lower the ratio be sweeter the fruit will be. In sweet oranges, a 10 or 15:1 ratio is found. It is a citrus fruit and citrus fruits contain vitamin C.

This fruit contains 64% of vitamin C for every 100 grams of fruit. 

Characteristics of orange

  • Orange contains beta-carotene, lutein, and beta-cryptoxanthin.
  • Orange fruit has flavonoids like naringenin.
  • Esters, terpenes, alcohols, aldehydes, and ketones. 
  • Fats, proteins, vitamins (A,B,C,E) and fibre. 
  • Calcium iron magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, potassium, zinc.
  • They contain water upto 86 %.


What is the productive lifespan of the orange tree?

15-20 years.

What is the orange harvesting time?

Oranges can be harvested after 3 years of planting.

How many orange trees per acre should I plant?

With a spacing of 6 x 6 meters, 130 orange plants can be planted.

How many orange trees per hectare can be planted?

300 trees.

What is orange yield per acre?

1300 kg.

What is orange yield per tree?

10 kg, average.

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