Teak wood farming profit per acre | 10 year old teak tree price

This is another tree which sells at very high price like mahogany and sandalwood tree. 20 year old teak tree price is around Rs 32000 which is much more than mahogany tree price. By planting 500 plants in 1 acre farmers are earning around Rs 10317500. 

Quick Overview - Teak wood farming profit per acre more than Rs 1 crore. 

1 acre teak plantation profit and cost is given in this post along with best practices.

Tree information 

Tree height - It is a large tree and its average height is up to 40 m or 131 ft. It has grey and brown colour branches which are valued for high quality wood.

  • Leaves - Leaves are 15-45 cm long and 8-23 cm wide. Tree have large papery leaves that are hairy on the lower surface and teakwood smells like leather.
  • Flowers - The tree has a dense cluster of small white flowers at the end of the branches. Its flowers are less in fragrance but contain reproductive organs. Flowers are 25 to 40 cm long and 30 cm wide, flowers usually bloom from June to August. 
  • Fruits - Its fruits are spherical in shape and have a diameter of 1.2 to 1.8 cm. Tectona grandis sets fruit from September to December.
  • Teak wood - We can divide the wood in 2 sections one is heartwood and other is sapwood.
  • Heartwood - Its colour is yellow and gets darker with time. Sometimes, you can also find dark patches on it. It releases a leather like smell while cutting for the first time.
  • Sapwood - It looks whitish to pale yellowish brown in colour.
  • Wood density - Wood density varies according to the moisture content. Teak wood 15 % moisture content is equals to 660 kg/m3.

Teak wood cost per acre

Price of 1 sagwan plant = Rs 25 to Rs 100 and more.

Trees per acre = 500 to 900 trees.

500 trees are good to plant in 1 acre. 

500 plants x Rs 25 = 12,500.

Labor cost = Rs 20,000.

Manure and fertilizer cost = Rs 8000.

Irrigation cost = Rs 15000.

Plant protection cost = Rs 5000.

Total cost Rs 60500 for 1st year


Total cost for 15 years.  

Reduce plant material cost i.e. 60500 - plant cost (12,500) = 48000.

Cost for next 14 years = Rs 48,000 x 14 years = Rs 672,000.

Total cost for 15 years = 14 year cost + 1st year cost. 

15 year teak farming cost = Rs 672,000 + Rs 60,500.

Total cost = Rs 732500.

Teak wood farming profit per acre

Yield per tree = 13 to15 cubic feet.

Teak wood price per cft (cubic feet) = Rs 2,000 to 4,000.

1 teak wood tree price = Rs 2000 x 13 cubic feet = Rs 26,000. 

1 tree price after 13-15 years = Rs 26,000 (depends on cubic feet).

If 500 plants are planted and only 425 trees are in good condition. 

Then, 425 trees x Rs 26,000 = Rs 11050000.

425 teak trees price after 15 years = Rs 11050000.

425 trees = 1 crore 50 thousand (after 15 years).

Net profit = Profit - Cost.

Net profit = Rs 11050000 - Rs 732500.

Net profit = Rs 10317500.

Note - It is estimated report and the price may vary accordingly. Farmers are also harvesting it in only 10 years and average 10 year old teak tree price in India is around Rs 20,000. 

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Teak tree price chart

(Price depends on cubic feet)

Teak wood price per cubic feet = Rs 2,000 to 4,000.

Average tree price = Rs 2000 x 13 cubic feet = Rs 26,000. 

10 year old teak tree price = Rs 20,000.

Price after 13 to 15 years = Rs 26,000.

20-year old teak tree price = Rs 32,000 to Rs 35000.

Teak wood farming

Teak is a hardwood species that belongs to the Lamiaceae family. It is commonly known as Sagwan tree in India. It is mostly found in tropical regions. It is native to South and South East Asian countries like India, Indonesia, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Thailand, Malaysia and Sri Lanka. 

It is one of the most expensive timber in the world.

A 10 year old teak tree price in India is approximately Rs 20,000. Its wood is used as a boat building material since 2000 long years and has great value in India. Its wood has great water resistance properties and also appreciated for its durability.

Due to its uses and properties it has great demand over the international market, some of its uses are boat building, exterior house construction, veneer furniture, engraving, turnings etc. 

Due to weather tolerance quality it is cultivated all over the world, it is traditionally cultivated in Africa and Caribbean countries.

It is said that the genetic origin of this timber belongs to 2 centers one is India and the other is shared between Myanmar and Laos. However, Myanmar forest accounts for half of the world's naturally growing teak trees.

Mr Chathu Menon from Kerala is known as father of Indian teak plantation. He is the person who has started teak tree cultivation in Kerala and planted million of trees. The scientific name of teak wood is Tectonagrandis.

Species - Tectonagrandis, Tectonagrandia, Tectonaphillipinesis, Tectonahamiltoniana. 

You might like this - mahogany tree farming profit

Teak wood farming in India for beginners

Varieties in India

The tree price depends on the colour and grain of the heartwood. Teak wood 

West African teak - African teak wood is a bit podgy in comparison of Asian teak wood. Heartwood of west African tree has black lines and wavy grains. 

Konni Teak - This variety belongs to Kerala state and they are mostly grown in hilly regions of konni. This wood is dark in colour and grows a bit slower, however the wood is stronger than nilambur Teak.

Godavari teak - This is from east and west godavari regions in Andhra Pradesh state. Here it is divided in two forms wet and dry. Wet region wood is insipid in color whereas wood from dry region is dark golden brown in color. This wood has a good market price but wet region wood may suffer from rot fungi.

Central province - This wood is found in drier regions have close grain with deep and dark color. This wood is mainly found in the central regions of India and also known as CPT. However, this tree has slow growth but it sells at a higher price.

Myanmar teak - This is also known as Burma teak and it has slow growth. The heartwood of this variety looks dark in color and has close grain. This variety is a natural growing tree and has the highest price in the world. One can get good returns while investing in Myanmar wood. Most teak trees take around 25 years to mature.

Read this - Teak wood farming profit per acre in USA

South and central American teak - This variety has light color and it produces less heartwood.

Paratwada teak - Paratwada is a place in Amravati Maharashtra and it is famous for supplying this wood on a large scale to the entire world. There are lots of biggest suppliers in Paratwada region. 

Adilabad teak - This is majorly found in Andhra Pradesh state. Its heartwood has a rose color and sells at a good price. 

Climate required

Trees grown in tropical regions produce good quality wood. Trees that grow in proper sunlight produce high quality wood therefore it is necessary to plant them under warm and moist climate conditions. These trees also grows in dry and moisture regions. 

Temperature required

They can easily tolerate high temperatures between 38° C to 45° C and low temperatures between 12° C to 16° C. 


Minimum 800 to 2500 mm rainfall is required for good growth of the teak plantation. 

Drip irrigation is recommended for teak cultivation in India. It is useful for saving water as well as it is beneficial for producing high yield crops. 

  • Summer - Irrigation is required on a regular basis in the summer season. But over irrigation can cause the rot problem in heartwood and sapwood so avoid excess irrigation. 
  • Rainy season - Avoid any irrigation during the rainy season.
  • Winter season - Controlled irrigation is required during the winter season.
  • Annual rainfall - 1250 to 3500 mm per year rainfall is required. Over 3500 mm rainfall is good enough for these trees at the same time they need near 3-4 dry months in a year. 

Soil requirements 

  • Avoid black cotton, clay soils, sandy soil, rocky soil. 
  • Well drained alluvial soils, loam soil are best soils.
  • Avoid water logging land for teak tree cultivation.
  • High calcium, potassium, phosphorous and organic matter content soil is preferable. 

Soil ph level for sagwan plantation 

pH 6.5 to 7.5.  

Best planting season

Before monsoon probably after first shower. 

Land preparation

Couple of ploughing is necessary before the planting process. Ploughing is useful for bringing the soil to a fine tilth. After ploughing weed removal need to be done along with picking process of tiny stones for better ground preparation. Water stagnation should be prohibited in teak wood cultivation.

The best fertilizer for every soil is 1 to 3 years old rotten cow dung manure. Add cow dung manure to the soil during the last plow then dig the pits of 45 x 45 x 45 cm. Now add soil mix and farmyard manure you can also use herbicide and insecticides in each pit.

Suggestions - Cultivation which takes more than two years does not demand heavy chemicals, urea or pesticides. You have good enough time to prepare organic pesticides and fertilizers for your cultivation.

It is recommended to go with organic fertilizer during a cultivation that takes more than 2 years and in teakwood farming you have more than 20 years so you can practice organic cultivation in a good manner. After giving good organic fertilizer 20-year old teak tree price might be Rs 32,000 to Rs 35,000. Organic farming is more effective for long term farming.

Propagation method

Seed propagation, vegetative propagation and tissue culture.

Seed propagation

In this method seeds are treated and then used for sowing in the nursery beds. After the germination process farmers used to wait till they grew up.

Vegetative propagation

  • Two to three weeks old shoots are selected.
  • 3 week old shoots are 5 to 7 cm long and they have tiny hairs along with bright green leaves.
  • Drip the base of the shoots for 5 to 10 minutes in IBA then plant them in the nursery until they develop roots.

Tissue culture propagation

In this method shoots are produced in the lab and then transferred to the greenhouse for root development. Once roots are developed then they are transplanted to the main field. This method is also known as clone propagation. Tissues and organs of the plants are used in labs to prepare shoots. Tissue culture method is costly but a fast growing method.

Teak wood plantation distance

  • Planting teak plants with more spacing can produce larger diameters which will have more price in the market.
  • Planting teak seedlings closer will help stems to grow straighter and faster. It will also grow taller and if they grow taller then you might get more heartwood which results in more price.
  • Sagwan tree spacing should be 2 m x 2 m, 2.5 m x 2.5 m or 3 m x 3 m. 
  • Spacing during intercropping - 4 m x 4 m, 5 m x 1 m. 
  • Teak wood spacing for 500 plants - 2 m x 2 m.
  • Spacing for 400 plants - 3 m x 3 m.
  • Teakwood tree price depends on cubic feet and to get a good cft good spacing is required.
  • Teak plantation per acre should be 400 to 500 trees with the spacing of 10ft x 10ft or 12ft x 12ft.

How many teak trees per acre

Number of teak trees per acre should be 500 trees with the above given spacing. 

Read it - How many teak trees per acre and farm income


Dense spacing in the early years is recommended for straighter and faster height. Teak wood plantation needs to be done before monsoon season to get better thrive and early growth. Good spacing helps in maintenance of the farm.

Fertilizer requirement's

  • Two doses of fertilizer NPK 50 gram per plant in the ratio of 15 : 15 : 15.
  • This fertilizer need to provide every year but start providing this ration after 3 years from the plantation.  


You should do mix cropping in any cultivation which takes more than three years so that you can earn regular money for your survival. You can use that money in the maintenance of your farm as well. During intercropping you should avoid sugar cane, white rice, jute, and creeping vegetables such as pumpkin and cucumber. 

  • Paddy, chili, maize, wheat and sesame etc.

Apart from mixed cropping it is suggested to do multi layer farming as well like this you can grow 3 crops in the same field, teak tree needs more than 20 years to grow. During this long period you can earn some money from mixed cropping along with multi layer cropping.

Pests and disease

Tree termite, stem borer, wet wood borer, caterpillars, pupae pests and wilt.

Thinning in teak plantation  

After planting the first thinning is conducted at 5 to 10 years depending on site quality and the size of initial spacing. Generally, under good site and close spacing 1.8 x 1.8 m and 2 x 2 m the first and second thinning mechanical thinning's are conducted at 5 and 10 years respectively.

Teak harvesting time

However, teak trees take nearly 25-30 years to grow fully mature but their harvesting can be done after 15 years as well. 15 years are good enough to develop a good heartwood that can produce good money while selling in the wood market. It is good to plant the tree for 20 year long duration on the name of your kids just like FD in post office. A 20-year old teak tree price may reach at Rs 32,000 to Rs 35000.

Harvesting process - When it comes to harvesting there is certain things to follow for approval of harvesting. 

  • Mark the trees to be cut. 
  • Add serial number of the trees. 
  • Submit the report to the chief of the regional forestry office. 
  • Send the report to the local forestry department with an explanation of thinning operation needs to be done. 
  • Thinning and harvesting operation starts after the permission granted.  

Teak wood yield per acre in India

The teak tree yield around 10 - 15 cubic feet teak wood in about 14 years. The main stem grows to the height of 25-30 feet and attains the girth of 35 - 45 inches. 

Teak wood grades 

Grade A - Highest quality timber heartwood from fully matured trees. It has identifications such as: feels oily while touching, close grains, golden grown. It makes one quarter of the mature log. 

Grade B - It is a bit lower quality in comparison to grade A timber. It can be identified through these - lighter in color, uneven grain, less shine. It makes fourth to one third of the log.

Grade C - Low quality teak wood taken from the logs of immature trees. It has uneven color, not having any traces like natural teak oil, and may damage. 

Teak tree girth 

Grade 1    log girth above 200 cm.

Grade 2    log girth above 150-200 cm.

Grade 3    log girth above 100-150 cm.

Age - Years

Girth - DBH (cm)

Height - meter


6 - 8

12 - 13


10 - 12

13 - 14


16 - 18

17 - 19


21 - 23

20 - 22


26 - 28

23 - 25 


31 - 33

25 - 27 


36 - 38

28 - 29

Sagwan Contract farming

There are various companies that are doing teak wood plant contract farming. They are selling 1.5 years old teak plants at the price of Rs 250 to 280 (in bulk). 

  • Contact number - 9914549494
  • Address - Big Em Estates and Infra ltd, Victoria Estate, Defense Road, Pathankot, India

Note - It is requested to perform a detailed enquiry before starting any contract with the company. Also ask whether they have buy back policy or not. It is recommended to make a proper agreement on bond paper before taking the services of the company.

In our upcoming post we will present agarwood project report and details on teak wood plantation subsidy, permission etc. So stay tuned for more upcoming details. 

Common names  

  • Brazilian.
  • African.
  • Moulmein.
  • Kuyn.
  • Rangoon. 
  • Rosawa.
  • Maisak.
  • Tekka.
  • Sanwan wood.
  • Saka.
  • Burma.
  • Burman red.

Name in Indian languages

  • Punjabi - Tika. 
  • Marathi - Sagwande.
  • Bengali - Segunkatha.
  • Malayalam -Tekk.
  • Telugu - Teku.
  • Kannada - Tek.
  • Tamil - Tekku.
  • Hindi - Teak.


Which is the world's largest teak tree?

Homemalynn 1 is the world’s largest teak tree. It is 27.5 ft in girth and 110 ft tall. Homemalynn 2 is the world’s second biggest tree and it is 27 feet in girth. Earlier kannimara was the world's biggest teak tree. Kannimar is located in Parambikulam wildlife sanctuary, kerala, India. It is 47.5 meters tall. 

Where is the world’s largest teak tree? 

There are two biggest teak trees in the world and both trees are in Homalin township, Myanmar. The Ministry of Environment conservation and forestry found these trees in homalin town and named them homemalynn 1 and homemalynn 2. 

Where is the international teak information network office located?

The international teak information network (technet) regional office for Asia Pacific, Bangkok is currently located at Kerala forest research institute, Peechi, Thrissur, Kerala India.

What does teakwood smell like?

Teak wood has a leather like smell when it is freshly brewed. 

How many teak trees per acre in India?

500 trees.

What is 1 cubic feet teak wood price in India?

Teak wood price per cft in Karnataka and most regions of India is around Rs 2,000 to 4,000.

What is the 10 year old teak tree price in India?

Teak tree price after 10 years might be around Rs 20,000.

What is the 20 year old teak tree price?

20-year old teak tree price might be around Rs 32,000 to Rs 35,000.

What is the 15 year old teak tree price in India?

Teak tree price after 15 years might be around Rs 26,000.

What is the 25 year old teak tree price?

Rs 35,000 to Rs 38,000.

What is the 30 year old teak tree price in India?

Rs 40,000 and more.

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