By planting 350 trees per acre Rs 6,07000 can be achieved within 7 to 10 years depending on the poplar tree growth as per the variety. You can sell this tree in the wood market and Yamunanagar is one of the biggest wood markets in India.
Quick overview– Profit Rs 6 lakh, investment Rs 4,43,000, time duration 7 years, 1 tree price Rs 3000, one healthy tree weight – 250 to 300 kg, poplar tree price per quintal Rs 800 to Rs 1500.
Poplar Tree information
Poplar trees belong to the Salicaceae family and these trees are deciduous, meaning capable of developing male and female flowers. This tree needs five to seven years to grow 85 feet in height and 36 inches in diameter and its average weight is 250 kg to 300 kg.
Uses – These trees are being grown for decades and produce precious wood used for making furniture, doors, construction work etc. Poplar tree growth time is fast and they are mainly used in the paper industry.
The quick growth of the tree is one of the main reasons for its gaining popularity in commercial farming. It is being used in sports goods, match-splints, pencils, plywood and the paper industry.
Farmers can expect sufficient profits under good farming management (GFM) practices in less time.
Common names – Paras Pipal, Parsipu, Porush (Hindi), Ganga Ravi (Telugu), Poovarasam, Parosa Pimpal (Marathi), Aastha, Paras Bhendi, Prapparuththi, Pravaras (Malayalam), Cheelanthi, Arasi (Kannada), Paras Piplo (Gujarati), Poresh (Bengali), Paras Pipal, Gajashundi.
World – Not only in India these trees are also grown worldwide, especially in Asia, Africa, North America and Europe etc.
Growing zone in India – Haryana, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Himachal Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir and Uttarakhand, Karnataka, Kerala, MP etc.
Cost and profit analysis is given for 1 acre.
|Cost per acre|
Planting material cost = Rs 20,000.
Land preparation cost = Rs 10,000.
Labour cost = Rs 9000.
Fertilizer cost (incl FYM) = Rs 5000.
Manure and pesticide cost = Rs 3500.
Irrigation cost = Rs 6000.
Plant protection charges = Rs 5000.
Total cost for 1st year = Rs 58,500.
Total cost for 10 years = Reduce plant material cost from the first-year cost.
Rs 58,500 – Rs 20,000 = Rs 38,500.
Cost for next 10 years = Rs 38500 x 10 years = Rs 3,85,000.
Total cost for 10 years = Rs 3,85,000 + 1st year cost.
Total cost for 10 years = Rs 38,5000 + 58,500 = 4,43,000.
Total 10-year cost = Rs 4,43,000.
1 Poplar tree’s price today is approximately Rs 3000, Rs 3500 to Rs 4000 (depending on girth).
Poplar trees per acre – let’s take 500 trees per acre (depending on spacing).
Let’s take the minimum selling price of a tree Rs 3000.
If only 350 poplar trees remain in good condition after 8 to 10 years.
Then, 350 trees x Rs 3000 = Rs 10,50,000.
Net Profit = Rs 10,50,000 – Rs 4,43,000.
Net Profit = Rs 6,07000.
Note – This is the estimated analysis of poplar cultivation profit and cost. The actual figures may vary according to the market price and tree density.
How to start Poplar tree farming
To start poplar tree farming in India you should follow the best farming practices including the correct temperature, soil, water requirements etc.
Udai, W-22, G-48, W-81, W-109, W-101, W-32, W-39, S-7, A-26, S-7, C-15.
Enough sunlight and good moisture content in the soil are required for these trees. Direct sunlight is also suitable for them and they mostly thrive in temperate climatic conditions. Frost conditions are not recommended for planting these trees.
Temperature – They are easy-to-grow trees that can tolerate a wide range of temperatures therefore they can grow between the temperatures 5 °C to 45 °C.
Irrigation should be implemented as soon as the young plants are transplanted in the main field.
1st Year – Weekly (summer season), 15 days (winter season).
2nd Year – Weekly (summer season), 15 days (winter season).
3rd Year – 15 days (summer season), monthly (winter season).
4th Year – 15 days (summer season), monthly (winter season).
5th Year – 15 days (summer season), monthly (winter season).
6th Year – 15 days (summer season), monthly (winter season).
Clay loam soil and sandy loam soils with proper drainage systems are the best soil for them. Heavy alkaline and saline soils are not suitable for poplar plants hence, it is advised to avoid these soils.
To grow poplar trees easily try a genuine medicinal garden kit that can sort out your all problems, must try it at least once.
Soil PH – For optimum growth, the soil pH should be between 6 to 8.5 PH.
Land should be ploughed a couple of times and for best farming practices you should apply a well-rotted farmyard before plantation or during the second and third ploughing processes.
Softwood cuttings and hardwood cuttings are 2 propagation methods.
Plants per acre
350 to 500 trees per acre are recommended.
Spacing – Dig the pits of 1 meter and fill them with 2 to 3 litres of fresh water remember seedlings transplanted from the nursery to the main field should immediately be placed in these storage pits.
The size of the pits should be 1 metre with 15 cm in diameter. Seedlings are planted straight in the pits then add topsoil with the mix of 2 kg FYM, 25-gram MOP and 50-gram SSP.
Spacing is classified according to the number of plants. The below-given spacing is for a number of poplar trees per hectare, intercropping can be done in the below-given spacing.
- 5m x 5m = 455 plants.
- 5m x 4m = 560 plants.
- 6m x 2m = 990 plants.
- 7m x 2m = 907 plants.
- 8m x 2m = 825 plants.
- 5m x 2m = 1190 plants (no intercropping).
1st Year – June to August 8 kg FYM per plant and 50 grams urea + ssp per plant is advised.
2nd Year – June to August 10 kg FYM per plant and 80 grams urea + ssp per plant is advised.
3rd Year – June to August 15 kg FYM per plant and 150-gram urea + ssp per plant is advised.
4th year onwards – In the month of June, July and August 15 kg FYM per plant and 200-gram urea + ssp per plant is advised.
Seedling treatment – After moving from nursery to main field young plants should be treated with chemicals or fungicides in order to prevent early pests and diseases. Before pre-treatment and planting, damaged roots should be pruned up to 7 cm from the main stem.
Dip the seedling up to 1 metre in the chlorpyriphos for 10 to 12 minutes. The quantity of chlorpyriphos should be 250 ml in 100 litres of water. To avoid any fungal disease you should place young plants in Emisan -6 (200 grams in 100 litres of water) for 20 to 25 minutes. Pruning should be done before the pretreatment of plants. Remember once plants are pretreated no pruning should be carried out.
After 6 to 7 years a poplar tree gets ready for harvesting. However, some varieties need a longer time up to 10 years to grow mature.
Intercropping – Crops like sugarcane can be used for a couple of years and later you can pick shade-loving crops such as ginger and turmeric, avoid paddy and bajra.
Poplar tree farming profit per acre
By investing Rs 4,43,000 in 1 acre a net profit of Rs 6,07000 can be achieved.
Poplar tree selling price in India
Poplar tree price in Punjab = Rs 3000 to Rs 4500.
Poplar tree price in Yamunanagar = Rs 3200 to Rs 5000.
Poplar tree price per kg = Rs 08 to Rs 15 per/kg.
Poplar plant price = Rs 35 to Rs 40.
Poplar tree growth rate per year
The girth of a poplar tree is measured at 1.35 meters above ground level.
- 1st year – 8 to 12 inches.
- 2nd Year – 12 to 16 inches.
- 3rd Year – 16 to 22 inches.
- 4th Year – 22 to 28 inches.
- 5th Year – 28 to 32 inches.
- 6th Year – 32 to 36 inches.
- 7th Year – 36 to 42 inches.
- 8th Year – 42 to 48 inches.
Poplar trees pros and cons
- Easy tree farming practice.
- Easily grows in most areas.
- Low-cost farming.
- Easily sellable in the wood market.
- Good demand in the paper and furniture industry.
- The market is volatile.
- Returns are lesser in comparison to other tree farming like mahogany trees and agar trees etc.
- Takes at least 7 to 10 years to grow fully mature.
- The tree withers due to insects or diseases.
Poplar vs Mahogany
|Poplar Tree||Mahogany Tree|
|1. Plant price Rs 35 to 40.|
2. Grow mature within 6 to 7 years.
3. A single tree selling price is Rs 3000 to Rs 5000 after 6 to 7 years.
4. Need water regularly.
5. Need some care regularly.
|1. Plant price Rs 35 to Rs 100.|
2. Grow mature within 10 to 12 years.
3. A single tree selling price is Rs 15,000 to Rs 20,000 or more after 10 years.
4. need less water.
5. No care is required after 2 years.
Recommendations – If you are willing to do tree farming and are still in search of such a tree that does not demand much care and water with “Higher Returns” then we would recommend you ‘Mahogany Tree Farming’. The mahogany tree is capable of producing 10x more returns in the same time in comparison to poplar trees, you can read more on the mahogany trees by clicking this link “Mahogany Tree Profit Per Acre“.
What is the scientific name of Poplar tree?
What is the poplar tree price in India?
Poplar tree price depends on the girth (diameter) of the tree. A tree with 33 to 36 inches in girth and 80 feet in height can be sold at the price of Rs 3000 to Rs 4000 per tree.
What are the soil conditions?
This tree likes moisture content in the soil. Tulip poplar tree grows best in moist, deep, well-drained, loose-textured soils with a pH of 4.5 to 7.5.
Where do poplar trees grow in Canada?
The poplar tree is one of the hardest deciduous trees in Canada. Balsam poplar trees are spread all over the coastal area of Canada and grow everywhere in Ontario but it does not grow on the northernmost fringe near Hudson Bay.
Are there poplar trees in Canada?
Yes, balsam poplar trees are widely occurring throughout Canada, hybrids and introduced poplars such as white and silver leaf poplar are also found in Canada and planted as ornamental trees in Canada.
How many poplar trees per acre in India?
350 to 500 trees are recommended in 1 acre.
Is Poplar a fast-growing tree?
Poplar trees are fast-growing deciduous trees belonging to the Populus family.
What is the poplar tree price per quintal?
Poplar price per quintal is Rs 800 to Rs 1500.
What is the weight of a poplar tree?
Healthy tree – 250 kg to 300 kg.
Weak tree – 150 kg.
What is poplar plant price?
1 seedling cost in Uttarakhand is Rs 35.
Where to sell poplar trees?
You can contact the farmer at 9759170430 he can guide you more on this.
Conclusion – Information is given about poplar tree farming. All the needed requirement is explained. A project report is shared disclosing the poplar tree rates and farming benefits.