Garlic farming profit per acre | garlic yield per acre

Hello farmers, Garlic farming profit per acre is surprisingly good enough and commercial garlic cultivation in India can give the wings to the earning of farmers. Not only in India, garlic farming in USA is quite popular and becoming more popular with the time due to less maintenance farming models. This article will present a “Garlic Farming Project Report” which will consist of a garlic cost of cultivation and garlic farming income per acre. The scientific name of Garlic is “Allium Sativum.”

Garlic farming profit per acre in India

Garlic is a bulb crop and it is the second most important bulb crop in India. India holds the second position in garlic production and Madhya Pradesh is the highest garlic producer in India. However, garlic is a “Rabi Season Crop” in India but the cultivation is practised in other seasons as well. In comparison to other bulb crops garlic contains a higher nutritive value. Garlic is a cool-season crop, 86 to 90% is the garlic recovery of cloves from the bulbs. 

Where is garlic grown in India

India stands in the second position in garlic cultivation. India is a major garlic growing nation, garlic cultivation in India is common and popular. Madhya Pradesh is the highest garlic producer in India followed by Gujarat, Odisha, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan etc.

How to start garlic farming

To start garlic farming you need to follow the below-given questions which are prepared to help you in garlic farming. It is important to understand garlic farming practises including temperature, soil, water requirement, season harvesting etc and all these important aspects are given below.

Garlic varieties

Agrifound Parvati 1Agrifound Parvati 2Agrifound white
Yamuna safed 1Yamuna safed 2Yamuna safed 3
Bhima PurpleBhima omkarG-41

Seed rate for garlic cultivation

The seed rate for garlic cultivation during the Rabi season is 200 to 250 per acre.

Garlic yield per acre in India

Garlic farmers in India are producing 34 to 48 quintals of garlic per acre.

Garlic price per per kg in India

Average garlic price per kg in Delhi is Rs 50/kg However garlic price per kg in Bangalore, Kolkata or Mumbai may be slightly up or down as per the availability and garlic market. Moreover, people living in Mumbai can approach the garlic wholesale market in Mumbai to get a lower price. 

Climate for garlic growing

Climate zone for garlic – Garlic cultivation requires both cool and warm climates for garlic bulb development therefore garlic growing climates are classified in cool and moist conditions. For garlic bulb development and vegetative growth cool climate is necessary whereas for garlic maturity warm climate is required.

Garlic plant temperature tolerance

Garlic grows temperature – Garlic plants are not able to tolerate extreme cold or hot weather. A temperature lower than 20 °C for 1 to 2 months can increase the development of garlic bulbs but at the same time, prolonged exposure to lower temperatures can also reduce the yield of garlic crops.

Garlic temperature requirements

The ideal garlic temperature is 13 °C to 24 °C. 13 to 14 hours are required for bulb formation for long day garlic variety and 10 to 12 hours are required for short day garlic varieties.

Garlic soil requirements

Garlic soil type – Loamy soil is considered for garlic cultivation due to its good drainage properties. Garlic needs rich organic content soil hence composed of rotten manure is recommended for garlic soil preparations. Soil should be well-drained and it should be friable type soil for best garlic production. For better growth of the bulb, soil should be made loose before planting. Garlic soil pH level should be between 6 and 8 pH.

Garlic fertilizer requirements

Garlic fertilizer dose – While garlic ground preparation you should provide 2 to 3 tons of farmyard manure during the last ploughing. Garlic fertilizer management is necessary and garlic fertilizer dose should be given in the ratio of N:P: K i.e 24:14:24 kg, this ratio is given below. 

N is Nitrogen, P is Phosphorus and K is Potassium

N = 24 kg, P = 14 kg and K = 24 kg

Adding of the above-given application may cost approximately Rs 1000

The cost of farmyard manure might be Rupees 3000 depending on the market and availability. 

Propagation of garlic

cloves are required for garlic propagation method. 320 to 500 cloves are required for 1-hectare garlic farming.

Pesticides of garlic

For garlic pest management garlic requires 2 to 3 sprays of pesticides and insecticides. Two to three spraying costs in one acre garlic cultivation will be between Rs 3000 to Rs 4000 along with the labour used for spraying. Garlic pesticide spray is given below you can try it once. 

Garlic irrigation needs

Garlic growing irrigation – Garlic farming moisture in the soil is more valuable and important in comparison to the quantity of water. Avoid too much watering in garlic cultivation; it might result in the splitting of garlic bulbs. Mulching is done to conserve the moisture in the soil hence mulching technique is advised in places with extreme hot and cold conditions. 

Garlic irrigation time

Recommended irrigation and garlic farming is given below

  • 1st irrigation immediately after planting. 
  • 2nd irrigation after 7 to 10 days.

Always check moisture content in the soil before garlic irrigation. You can use the soil tester for checking the moisture content by yourself. It’s cheaper and easy to use, the soil tester is given below. 

Soil Tester Meter

7141y8jjDAS. SL1500

Best Soil Tester

  • 4 in 1 ph meter for soil testing
  • Water, Sunlight, Moisture, Intensity, Temperature

Morning to mid-afternoon is the most suitable garlic irrigation time because it gives sufficient time to plants to dry out before night. 

Garlic drip irrigation – Furrow, sprinkler and drip irrigation are the most common types of irrigation. Irrigation is recommended due to drop and plant to plant water management.  drip irrigation is considered for water-saving process however it is costly irrigation at the very first time during the installation and you may pay around 50k for installing drip irrigation in one acre but this is only one time investment and after installing drip irrigation you can save a lot of water throughout the year and for next crop cultivation as well.

Garlic farming Project Report

Garlic farming cost per acre

  • Garlic seed rate per acre – Rs 1200 
  • Garlic land preparation cost – Rs 2000
  • Planting cost – Rs 1500
  • Weeding cost – Rs 2000
  • Irrigation cost – Rs 15000
  • Fertilizer cost – Rs 4000
  • Pesticides cost – Rs 4000
  • Garlic harvesting cost – Rs 3000
  • Packaging and transportation cost – Rs 6000
  • Total cost = Rs 38,700

Garlic farming profit per acre

  • Average garlic yield per acre = 34 to 48 quintals 
  • Average garlic price per kg is between Rs 40 to Rs 150 according to season
  • Let’s take garlic production per acre = 40 quintal
  • 1 quintal = 100 kg 
  • 40 quintal = 400 kg 
  • Let’s take minimum garlic price Rs 40/kg
  • Rs 40 x 4000 kg garlic = Rs 160,000
  • Garlic profit per acre = Rs 160,000
  • Now calculate net profit which will be actual profit
  • Net Profit = garlic profit per acre – garlic cost per acre
  • Net Profit = Rs 1,60,000 – Rs 38,700
  • Net Profit = Rs 1,21,300

This is the garlic yield per acre in India. Please comment below if you need garlic yield per acre Australia or for your region. However, you can put your currency and garlic current price of your location in place of INR to get the estimated garlic income per acre for your region.

Garlic cultivation FAQ

What is the price of 1 kg garlic in India?

1 kg garlic price today is Rs 40 to Rs 50 in Delhi, India.

What is the garlic price per quintal in India?

The average garlic price per quintal in India will be Rs 40 x 1000 kg = Rs 40,000

Is garlic bulb or a corm?

Garlic is a true bulb crop.

What is the garlic price in USA?

garlic farming profit per acre

The average garlic price in USA is between $12 to $15 and sometimes more accordingly.

Which season’s crop is garlic?

Garlic is a Rabi season crop.

What is garlic soil pH level?

Soil pH level between 6 to 8 pH is considered for garlic farming.

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