Coconut plantation per acre depends on the spacing and farmers are planting 180 to 200 trees in 1 acre. 1-acre coconut farm income per year is huge due to the 8-time harvesting in a year.
How many coconut trees per acre and farm income
No of trees – However, one can also plant 400 to 500 trees in one acre but 180 to 200 trees are considered good for healthy growth of the trees. Karnataka farmers are earning good income from their farm business because they are planting 180 to 200 coconut trees per acre in Karnataka. Coconut yield per tree is 35 to 45 nuts and one tree starts bearing fruits in good quantity after six years. However, a healthy tree is capable of producing 75 nuts but the average coconut yield per tree is 35 nuts. One can plant 600 to 700 coconut trees per hectare and can obtain 24500 nuts from 700 trees.
Yield per tree – 150 trees are able to produce 150 trees x 35 nuts = 5250 nuts. The price of one nut in Delhi is around Rs 50 to Rs 60, the price increases more in hilly regions including Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu Kashmir. In Himachal Pradesh, a coconut price is Rs 70 to Rs 100 which is very high due to the unavailability of coconut farms in Himachal Pradesh and hilly regions. If the nut price in the market is Rs 50 only. Then, by planting 150 plants one can earn 5250 nuts x Rs 50 = Rs 104900 from 1 acre. This profit is obtained by harvesting only one harvest and some varieties like tall and dwarf coconut trees are harvested 8 times a year.
Read this – coconut farming project report
Types and spacing – There are different types of coconut trees including tall, dwarf and hybrid varieties and all these varieties are planted with different spacing: Tall variety – 7.5 x 7.5 m, hybrid spacing – 8.5 m x 8.5 m, dwarf spacing – 6.5 x 6.5 m. These trees can be planted with seeds and cuttings one must select the branch of a healthy mother plant while propagating the coconut tree from cuttings.
Sapling and other costs – One sapling price is around Rs 80 and for 200 saplings you have to spend Rs 80 x 200 = Rs 16000 for saplings only. There are some other costs including fertilizer, irrigation, ground preparation and labour cost etc adding all these cost one need to spend around 150,000 to 180,000. Thus one has to spend Rs 16,000 + Rs 180,000 = Rs 196,000 for 6 years.
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Climate, temperature and soil – In India, southern regions are known for more humidity and heat which is required for growing coconuts. The ideal temperature is 27° C and 80 to 85% humidity is required. Remember humidity must be above 60% and this looks like one of the reasons why this fruit is grown mostly in south Indian regions. Laterite, alluvial and red sandy loam are the preferred soil with pH 5.2 to 8.6.
Profit per acre – If you are thinking about how many times to harvest a coconut in a year then I would say they can be harvested 8 times in a year. Trees are able to produce 35 nuts per harvesting see the below-given paragraph explaining a coconut farming project report analysis in simple words.
Tall and dwarf trees are harvested 8 times a year and one tree produces 35 nuts and 200 trees can be planted in one acre. Then 200 trees x 35 nuts = 7000 nuts for 8 times just multiply the nuts produced by 200 trees with 8 i.e 7000 nuts x 8 = 56000 nuts. Now the calculation seems huge, let’s take the price of 1 nut Rs 50 then multiply Rs 50 by 56000 nuts i.e 56000 nuts x Rs 50 = Rs 2800000 (Rs 28 lakhs).
Read this – How many coconuts 1 tree produces
How many coconut trees can be planted in an acre?
180 to 200 coconut trees per acre in India are considered good.
What is the coconut farm income per year from 1 acre?
1-acre coconut farm income per year is Rs 104900 from 1 harvest and Rs 2800000 from 8 harvestings.
How many coconut trees per acre can I plant in Karnataka?
Coconut tree plantation depends on land quantity and spacing. However, some coconut farmers are planting 300 to 500 trees per acre but 200 trees are good enough to plant in one acre of land.
What is the coconut farming profit by planting only 150 trees?
By one harvesting Rs 104900 can be obtained by planting 150 trees.
What is the coconut yield per tree?
On average one coconut tree is able to produce 35 nuts.
I can plant how many coconut trees per acre in Ghana?
180 to 225 trees can be planted in Ghana.
How many coconut trees per hectare?
600 to 700 trees can be planted in 1 hectare.
What should be coconut plantation distance?
Distance between coconut trees can be divided according to the varieties:
Tall variety – 7.5 x 7.5 m.
Hybrid spacing – 8.5 m x 8.5 m.
Dwarf coconut tree spacing – 6.5 x 6.5 m.