How to grow mango plant in pot, best mango dwarf variety, how to graft mango tree, how to air layer mango with mud, water and paper, best soil for mango tree in a pot,
What are the best varieties of mangoes?
List of best verity mango in India – Alampur Baneshan, Amarpali, Alphonso, Anwar ratol, Badami (Karnataka), Banganapalli (Andhra Pradesh) Bangalora, Black and Rose, Bombay (USA-India), Chaunsa(Punjab, Multan- Pakistan), Mulgoba, Raspuri (Karnataka) List of best verity mango in United States – Alice, Anderson, Bailey’s Marvel, Bennet Alphonso, Beverly, Brooks (Australia – USA), Cogshall
Best variety mango in other Countries – Carabao (Phillippine mango), Dasheri (India, Nepal, Pakistan), Gir Kesar (United Arab Amirats, India), Glenn (Italy, USA), Graham (Trinidad), Irwin (Australia, Costa Rica, Taiwan, Japan). These are some of the most popular and best quality mangoes worldwide.
Today I will help you to understand the process of growing mango tree in a pot during the post you will also get information about mango grafting technique.
Lets dive in deeper
- Correct way to grow mango plant in a pot
- Mango dwarf best variety
- How to seedling mango seeds
- Mango seedling vs grafting
- How to graft mango tree for pot
- Making of air layer for mango plant with the help of mud, water and paper
- How to grafting mango with rootstock
- Pruning of mango tree
- Fertilizer for mango plant
- Organic and Chemicals
- Correct pot size for mango tree
- Mango tree care
- How to dwarf a mango tree
- Mango tree verities
How to grow mango in pot
Growing mango tree in a pot is done by different method. The process of growing fruits in pots is different from the process of planting fruits on the land.
First of all you should know how much time it takes to grow from seeds and you should also aware of grafting technique. The pruning takes place in specific age of the plant. Apart form this fertilizer plays important role.
In early days mango plant do not need much water and you have to protect it by direct sunlight. Here whether is also important to plant the mango fruit.
There are varies verities of mango most verities grows 20-25 feet taller and suitable for open land mango cultivation. But there are few such verities available that can easily grown at your home, garden backyard, container or in a pot. These types of mangoes are known as dwarf mango variety because they are very short heighted.
Size of pot for mango tree - You should choose a suitable pot size for planting mango plant choose at least 25-30 inch long grow bag or pot with broad mouth. (Root system should be in your mind while choosing pot)
Dwarf meaning - Dwarf variety means those plants that are short in height.
If you want information of how to grow mango tree in pot in Hindi then you can select language from the top menu.
Best dwarf mango variety to grow in pot or container
Amrapali variety - Amrapali is one of the finest dwarf variety of mango that easily grows at the temperature of 0 to 50 degree Celsius. It is also known as barahmaasi mango it means it can deliver fruits through out the year. It usually gives fruits three times in a year.
Amarpali mango tree is capable of delivering fruits for long life. If you are also in search of a query how to grow mango tree indoors then yours search ends here with amrapali mango fruit.
How to grow mango tree from seed in pot
Planting mango tree from seeds - Seeds are always long term process for any kind of planting. It is good for huge cultivation of various crops but if you are planting few plants at your garden then I would suggest you should choose grafting technique instead of sowing seeds because seeds will take much more time to grow up and deliver fruit, whereas grafting method takes advantage of delivering fruits in just one year. So if you are thinking how to grow mango tree faster then grafting technique suits you.
Mango grafting techniques
Expert way of grafting- First you need 1-2 months old plant with healthy roots. In grafting technique you need to join two twigs of two different plants. One offset of new plant and other one is of mature plant.
Lets do it step by step -
- Take a sprig(0.5-1 feet) of a mature plant that is already giving fruits.
- Use a clean and sharp knife to scratch the twig and tie both twigs with each other.
- Remove rind of lower portion of mature twig and cut the upper portion of new plant vertically so that you can put the mature twig into the new plant twig.
- Make sure that rind remove portion of both plants should contact each other comfortably.
- Tie hard both the twigs with a thin rope then tie it completely with a poly, don't allow air to pass.
- Don't put the plant in sunlight instead cover it with the polyethene bag for at least a month for successful result.
- One important thing to remember before attaching sprigs is choose a mature twig without any leaf because roots of new plant is not capable of providing food to leaves in initial days.
- Apply the technique according to your whether eg in north India Jan to March and July to Aug are the most suitable months for applying grafting technique
Reason behind failure of mango grafting techniques
- Selection of dirty knife.
- Selection of wrong or unfruitful tree twig
- After attaching twigs putting the plant straight into the direct sunlight
- Not tied correctly
- Allowing air to pass between both the twigs
- Didn't covered the plant with polyethene bag
- Applied the process in inappropriate whether
What is air layering technique
Experiments are part of our life and air layering is one more innovation in the field of plant and agriculture like grafting. In air layering technique we just have to remove rind of specific portion of the plant and attach a bag filled with soil mix and few days later it will produce new roots in the bag then you can cut it and plant it somewhere else.
Innovations cant stop - In place of soil bags only water bags were also used and plant has produced the roots in water bag as well. It is also done as same as the above process only bags are changed. These are quite exciting and non expensive experiments that you can try easily at your home. Later on one more experiment has taken place in which wet paper is tied on the rind removal portion of the plant and still it manages to produce roots.
How to grow mango tree faster
To grow mango tree faster or any other tree faster one technique is becoming popular day by day. In this technique seven other roots are tied with a single plant. These roots are tied on the rind removal portion of the plant. Then it is covered by a polythene bag and some soil mix along with nutrients, phosphorus provide to all the roots. After one month your plant is ready to be planted in a new pot. Later it can deliver fruits six months earlier than the regular plant.
Fertilizer required for mango tree
One should apply 40% of fertilizer in starting of the plant. Choose good quantity of organic fertilizer including vermicompost for good health. We often buy chemical influenced fruits from market at least we can grow good healthy organic fruits at home. You should prune mango tree regularly if you are growing it in the pot then you have to prune mango tree in pot.
How to increase the fruits of a plant
First allow the plant to grow at least for 2 to 2.5 months. To increase the fruit first you need to increase the twigs and for that a simple process is done. A slight side cut is require but before cutting it you need to note some bales below the cutting portion. After couple of months new branches will grow and you can apply the same process with new branches and this process can be applied for 3 to 4 more times. It is also called as 3g cutting and 4g cutting.
While 3rd branch fruit blooming takes place easily. Also keep pruning and cutting the week branches. Usually it delivers the fruit in the first year but you can use this time to give proper shape to your plant by applying the above method so that it can deliver much more fruits for the rest of the years. So it is suggested to take the advantage of fruits from 2nd year so that it can improve the root strength as well.
Mango grafting techniques pdf
Best soil for mango tree in pot
While choosing the soil you need to understand the base of fertilizer. It is quite interesting concept. Soil contains various elements some elements helps improving the root system, some helps improving leaves and some elements helps improving the taste of the fruit.
When scientist got to know that one element is used to increase the leaf of the plant later it was named nitrogen while searching about the root they found such element that is responsible for the growth of stem, root and it was named phosphorous. While searching for the reason for the sweetness of the fruit they found an element and now it is known as potassium.
Hence, formula of NPK found and NPK is well known for chemicals and quite popular in the market. Now you can easily understand there are various elements responsible for the growth of different parts of the plant. So you can choose the particular element as fertilizer to feed your plant. In the initial days, the plant does not deliver fruit so you can avoid potassium for a couple of months.
And when it will reach the stage of delivering fruits then you can add potassium accordingly. Thus you can select the right fertilizer for your plant.
However, using organic fertilizer all the elements were combined and the plant automatically picks the right element accordingly.
Still, we can classify it in the form of NPK but we will use NPK organically for better health and long term growth -
Nitrogen is found in animal manure, Phosphorous is found in Vermicomposting and Potassium is found in the banana peel and ash.
ORGANIC - N P K
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