Today I will help you to understand the project report of Vermicompost. We will discuss the making process of vermicomposting, opportunity in business, and other ifs and buts.
Lets dive in deeper
What is Vermicomposting - FAQ
Vermicomposting is the process of decomposing wastes, including plant and animal waste such as cow dung, with the help of earthworms.
Vermicomposting cost and profit
Vermicompost cost 35 k in 1-acre profit 5 lakh, 20 lakh profit in 1 year because it is done 4 times in a year. Kechua se khad banaye No competition !
Preparation of Land
It is important to choose a land that does not fill water. You can make 4 beds in one acre land. Next you need a poly bag of 30 feet long and 4.5 feet wide for one bed followed by some bricks (around 25-30). Bricks are used as a boundary and helpful for not allowing worms to go outside the bed.
Before putting the dung on a bed you need to provide water for a couple of days so that methane gas should remove. Methane gas can kill your worms so water process should be done in correct manner. Cover the bed with the polybag then fill it with the dung(cold). After that you can put some earth worms and mix them well in whole bed.
You have to look after bed, it should not become warm.
Production of Vermicompost
Around six quintal vermicompost can be produced from a single bed. From 4 beds you will get 24 quintals. Vermicopost can be easily done 5 times in a year. Then you will get 5 x 24 = 120 quintals in a year.
Vermicompost gets ready - 40 days
It will take approximately 60 days to get ready meanwhile you have to provide water in the gap of 2-3 days in winters for the period of thirty days. In summer you need to provide water to the beds continuously for 30 days, you should not take any gap.
You can get your first instalment of vermicompost around the 40th day. You have to collect the compost in installments of 3 to 4 days till 60-65 days.
Challenges in vermicompost - Problems during the process
Water is the main problem in this process. Sometime people fails to provide water regularly in summers. On the other hand selection of the land is very important don't select the land where water stands regularly. Preparation of the bed should be correct water should not store in between. You need a filter machine to filter your prepared compost.
Select correct land, always cover the bed especially in summers, try to keep it cool and moist, use the bunch of straw or paraari (wheat waste) to cover the bed. Hence you can contribute to the environment as well. Use cow dung as priority, don't use dap urea type chemicals.
You can purchase cow dung from villages it will financially encourage villages. Farmers who use to purchase vermicompost should check earth worm eggs in the compost by applying this method you can slightly judge the organic vermicompost. You can filter the compost manually in initial days.
Various verities of earth worms
Be prepared to choose the verities of worms. You should choose the healthy worms that can survive in your atmosphere. According to the experts red wigglers is the best species to use followed by red worms. European nightcrawlers is also known as dendrobaenas, dendras, belgian night crawlers etc.
Don't allow weed - Keep clean
Cleanliness is an important factor not only in our lives but also in farming industry. Always keep the beds clean and don't allow weed or grass to grow near the beds. It can create opportunity for worms to escape from the bed.
Rotation Policy -
Once vermicompost gets ready you can use the same worms in some other beds as well.
Demand in market
It is highly demandable in market, in todays era every body is moving towards organic and natural. It is required at homes, people use it in gardens and want to feed their house plant with organic compost. Lot's of farmers are moving towards organic farming so it is highly demanded by those farmers. people are getting aware of the disadvantages of dap and urea so they don't want to use chemicals.
You can resell your used earth worm in same price.
Price of earth worms
Price of 1 kg earth worm is around Rs 300. The price may vary according to the verities.
Price of 1 kg vermicompost
Price of 1 kg vermicompost is around Rs 20 in market. The wholesale price of vermicompost is Rs 6
Marketing - Due to the high demand and regular motivation by the government marketing becomes easy. Moreover, less people in this industry creates big opportunity because of regular growing demand day by day.
Benefits of vermicompost
- Vermicompost is 8 times more stronger than the normal cow dung.
- It decreases diseases in plants.
- It enhances the growth of the plant without any side effects.
- Perfect replacement for DAP and urea.
- Reduces the dependency on chemicals including dap.
- Environmental friendly.
- Best for the health of crops.