Today I will help you to understand tomato farming as a profitable business in which we will discuss one year profit of tomato farming in just 1 acre land followed by the tomato farming cost per acre and propagation of tomato farming.
Lets dive in
- 1 Tomato Farming Profit Per Acre
- 2 Tomato farming FAQ
- 3 Wastage of tomatoes
- 4 How to grow tomatoes - Tomato Propagation
- 5 Tomato fertilizer schedule
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Tomato Farming Profit Per Acre
Note - Profit may vary according to the price. I have given example with minimum selling price you can calculate it by putting the current value and multiply same as given. It will also increase by performing the tomato cultivation in more than 1 acre.
Tomato Farming Project report
Let's calculate :
Average tomato price - Rs 12, Rs 18, Rs 20 - Rs 40 (sometime it falls between Rs 6 to Rs 10)
1 Acre production - 600 quintal, 1 quintal = 100 kg
600 quintal = 60,000 kg
Lets take minimum selling price Rs 10
10 x 60,000 = 6 lakh
reduce your investment that will be your profit 6 lakh - 74,900 = Rs 5,25,100
Net profit = Rs 525100
Tomatoes get ready for harvesting within 50-60 days & tomato can be planted 4-5 times a year.
Tomato farming cost per acre
45 bed uses 500 bamboo (Rs 50 for 1 bamboo), 70 kg wire ( Rs 70 per/kg)
Price of single bamboo is between Rs 30 to Rs 80 - lets take it as Rs 50 , You need 400 -600 bamboos in 1 acre land lets take 500 bamboos.
50 bamboos x 500 = 25,000
Wire required 70 kg in 1 acre land( Rs 70 per/kg ) 70 x 70 = Rs 4,900
Bamboo + Wire = 25,000 + 4,900 = Rs 29,900
Installation charge = 29,900 + 5,000 = 34,900
Irrigation cost = 20,000
Field preparation cost = Rs 8,000
Miscellaneous cost = Rs 5000
Fertilizer cost = Rs 7,000
Total cost = Rs 74,900
Note - Profit may vary according to the price. I have given example with minimum selling price you can calculate it by putting the current value and multiply same as given. It will also increase by performing the tomato cultivation in more than 1 acre. So this is the tomato farming project report explained in 1 acre land parameter.
Tomato farming FAQ
Go through the tomato faq to understand the concept how to start tomato farming
How long tomato takes to grow
50 - 60 days, 60- 80 days, it depends on the verity of the tomato. Hence you need to check the verity first
From where tomato came to India
Tomatoes came to India via Portuguese in the 16th century. It is known as Biliti Begun in Bengali language. Biliti begun means foreign eggplant. Uttarakhand is one of the highest tomato producer in India.
Various verities of tomato
There are over 10 thousand tomato cultivars. Here are some of them.
- Adoration - red- 70 to 80 days - hybrid
- Alicante - red - 55 to 70 days - heirloom
- Azoychka - yellow - 68 to 80 days - heirloom
- Aunt Rub's German green - 85 to 90 days - heirloom
- Beefsteak - red - 96 days large - heirloom
- Better boy -red - 70 to 80 days - hybrid
- Early girl - red - 63 to 65 days - hybrid ( It's a complement to better boy variety)
- Celebrity - red - 70 days - hybrid
- Brandy wine - pink - 80 to 100 days - heirloom
- Black krim - purple brown - 70 to 80 days - heirloom
- Big beef - red - 70 to 80 days - hybrid
- Black beauty - black - 80 days - open pollinated hybrid - beefsteak
- Black cherry - black - 65 to 75 days - open pollinated hybrid - small
Improved varieties - These varieties are mostly used in India. Arka ahuti, Arka alok, Arka vikas, Arka saurabh, Narendra tomato 1, Narendra tomato 2, Pusa red plum, Pusa early dwarf, Pusa ruby, SL 120, Plant T3, Solan gola, Punjab chhuhara, PKM, Arka meghali, Hisar anmol, Hisar lalima, Hisar lalit, HS101, HS102, HS110
F1 Hybrids - Vaishali, Rupali, Sonali, Naveen, Avinash 2, Sadabahar, Gulmohar, Arka vardan, Pusa hybrid, Arka shresta, Arka abhijit, Arka vishal, Pusa hybrid 2, COTH 1
How much tomato plants can be planted in 1 acre land
At least 8 thousand plants can be planted in one acre land with the spacing of 2.5 feet.
How much tomatoes one tomato plant can deliver
High yield tomato plant can deliver 8 -10 kg tomatoes in summer, 7-8 kg tomatoes in winter and 4-5 kg in rainy season.
1 kg tomato price in India
Price of 1 kg tomato - Price of tomato may vary according to the market. It depends on several factors like demand, location etc. Price of 1 kg tomato varies between Rs 12, Rs 18, Rs 20 - Rs 40 some time it falls under Rs 10 as well including Rs 5 Rs 2 .
Wastage of tomatoes
We have seen farmers throws their tomatoes on the road. We have seen farmer protest related to this topic as well. Its not any fault of our farmers they have done their duty with great honesty that's why they were able to produce huge amount of tomatoes.
If the farmer throws tomato on the road then its a failure of the government. Let's understand the concept with the example.
If students are achieving higher ranks by producing good marks like 95 out of 100, 96 out of hundred then school appreciates them by giving 1st, 2nd or 3rd position and if more students perform better more appreciation given by the school. We have never seen schools saying that this time 40 students out of 60 have performed well and we have limited resources so you can throw your bags on the road.
"Farmer Needs Appreciation".
If a person is working in office and achieves target in the given time then the organization usually appreciates him or her by promoting or by giving rewards. Appreciation for good work is counted in every field then why not with farmers?
We all knows India depends 65 to 70 percent on agriculture then where is the appreciation?
I just want to ask a single question why our export system is so week, if a farmer is producing good marks 95 out of 100 and when more farmers are producing the same then it is becoming problem to our government instead of encouraging they discourage them by not making any powerful plan for the next season and it is repeated season by season not only in tomato farming but also in other farming.
Plan- If Bangalore is producing good amount of dragon fruits then they should easily transferred to Himachal Pradesh, if Maharashtra is producing tomatoes and Uttarakhand is producing good amount of potatoes then they should be easily transferable to Chennai, Orissa, West Bengal. Government have to play the role of transfer agency. By performing this exercise government can improve not only the current status of tomato crop in India but also other crop production can be improved.
Solution - Government have to come in front for farmers by allowing special trains only for goods like crops and vegetables. However, trains are being running but not able to produce results so its a high time and modern era is going on. So huge pipe lines can be used for quick transportation. These pipe lines can easily connect one state to another for immediate transfers of vegetables, fruits and other crops.
Although our crops were exported to international market but its a very selfish game played by the government because India is in top 5 countries while exporting flesh, however India is an agriculture country but when comes about exporting crops where we stands !
But at the same time if we are not even able to connect our internal system for exporting the goods (crops) from one state to another state then exporting the same to out of the country becomes more difficult. Tomato farming business plan is much needed so tomato farming technique need to be implemented with new ideas.
How to grow tomatoes - Tomato Propagation
However, tomato is a warm season crop but it can be grown in warm and cool climates. The plant can be affected by adverse climatic condition. Here adverse climate means temperature below 10° and above 38°. Adverse effect can slow down the growth of the plant tissue. Kitchen waste can be used as organic fertilizer for natural growth of the tomato perhaps it may increase the growth rate of the tomato.
Temperature required for tomato cultivation
It can be grown at the temperature above 10° C and below 30° C. The ideal temperature for tomato cultivation is 21° C to 24° C this temperature is good for better thriving results. You need to avoid long dry periods so regularly water it. Regular water and bright sunshine is necessary for dark red colorful fruits.
For seed germination 16-29° is suitable and maximum 34° C, for seedling growth 21 - 24° C temperature is ideal and for fruit set 15-17° at day time and 20-24° at night time whereas for red colour 20-24° C is ideal temperature.
Soil requirement for tomato cultivation
Well drained sandy loams are preferable for tomato cultivation. However, mineral soils are counted best soil for tomato. For good healthy crop soil depth should be 15 to 20 cm. Tomato can easily tolerate acidic soil. Therefore acidic soil were preferred for tomato plants. Water holding soils were selected for the plants. While talking about pH levels 5.5 to 6.8 is preferred for tomato plant cultivation.
Seed selection for tomato farming - For early results hybrid seeds from F1 generation is being selected. They are high yield hence results better fruiting.
Tomato seed sowing
Seeds are sown in January for summer crop, June - July for winter crop. In hill areas seeds were grown in March - April. Spacing for winter crops 75 cm x 60 cm and for summers 75 cm x 45 cm is required. Seed rate of 400 to 500 g/ha is required for better results
Spacing of tomato plants - For winter crop 75 x 60 cm and for spring and summer crop 75 x 45 cm of spacing is required..
Weed control is necessary - mulching technique is bit expensive but at the same time it is very useful for weed control. Light hoeing should be done for the first four weeks for better growth but at the same time weed removing process needs to be done. You can remove weed manually with the help of small equipment's.
Tomato fertilizer schedule
Fertilizer is equally important as nutrient value. If possible try to use organic fertilizer in comparison of inorganic fertilizers and pesticides. Sandy soil requires much more fertilizer than other soils. Generally tomato plant requires fifty kg potash, fifty kg phosphorous, 120 kg nitrogen. Remember nitrogen should be divided in doses.
Right fertilizer need to be applied at the right stage. It depends on the growth, stage and the phenology of the tomato plant vegetable. The fertilizer schedule need to be perform according to the stages which are :
Growth stages of tomato- vegetative stage, flowering, fruit-set, fruit growth and harvest. Fertigation technique is a popular technique among tomato grower. In growing stages of tomato the frequency of fertilizer application depends on the soil properties and their water holding capacity.
Avrg tomato price - Rs 12 - 18,
1 Acr - 600 quintal, 1 quintal = 100 kg
600 quintal = 60,000 kg,
minm selling price Rs 10,
10 x 60,000 = 6 lakh x 5 = 30 lakh
What is the world record for the longest tomato tree?
19.8 meters i.e 65 feet in length. This cultivar is known as Sungold grown by Nutriculture Ltd (UK) of Mawdesky, Lancashire, UK in 2000
Charkhi dadri tomato crop - Some incidents related to farmer protest often takes place in India. These protest usually takes place when farmer do not get the estimated price for their crop or due to some other government policies that they feel against them. Same incident happened recently in charkhi dadri (Haryana) when farmer of manakavas village started protesting against inappropriate price of tomatoes. These vegetable farmer has done this protest under the leadership of bhakiyu pradesh president Jagbir ghasaula.
According to the farmers they didn't got the appropriate price for tomato last year as well and they have done the protest for 22 days for the compensation. However, this time government had to bow down and in respect to the compensation 10,00 per acre was distributed among farmers. But only mankavas village got the compensation and the neighbor village remain uncompensated due to the scam in distribution.