Dragon fruit farming profit and growing tips | STN

Dragon fruit farming profit is around Rs 10 lakh after deducting the cost. Dragon fruit profit per acre and growing tips (best practices idle temp, soil, water, fertilizer etc) shared in this blog post. 

Dragon fruit

Plant profile - Species - Cactus, nature - climbing, fruit weight (average) - 150-600 grams and some may reach 1 kg, plants per hectare (high density) - 1100 to 1500, per acre - 500 to 700), yield 25-30 tons after 60 months.

Dragon fruit tree is cactus species belongs to tropical region. It grows on the Hylocereus cactus, also known as the Honolulu queen, whose flower only open at night. The tropical fruit native to the United States of America. It's taste is like a combination of a kiwi and a pear. It is also known as pitaya, pitahaya, and strawberry pear.

History - Vietnam is the place where dragon fruit is extensively grown. It is also known as pitaya fruit and Thalang loy. The super fruit was introduced to Vietnam by the French we can also say that French is the pitallas of pitaya, and today the average yield per hectare is 22-26 tonnes, that is a milestone itself.

According to Aztec literature Pitahaya fruit date back to the 13th century.

Malaysia is another warm region where dragon fruit grows. It was first introduced in 1999 in Sitiawan, Johar and Kuala Pilah regions. Colombia and Nicaragua are other places where pitahaya fruit is grown for commercial purposes.

These regions attest that Pitaya cactus fruit requires a warm climate, thus prospers well in semi-arid areas. Planting the fruit has great benefits since it's industrially used in juices, making wine and flavorings, not forgetting its medicinal value.

Dragon fruit farming profit

Dragon fruit cultivation cost per acre

5 to 6 lakh per acre is the average required investment. Drip irrigation, leveling, labour installation included with good quality of plant costing 5 to 6 lakh per/acre.

It is a one time investment as the plant life is at least 20 years. It is a climbing cactus that need support to climb. Therefore plant it near a fence, build a trellis, or a climbing pole. It's extremely important for your fruit plant to be able to support itself.

Concrete is recommended as a strong support because the plant will grow 200 to 250 kg in 5 to 10 years (because of tons of fruits). Moreover, it is economically very good in comparison to steel and other materials; concrete pole usually survive for thirty years.

Around 450 to 500 concrete poles in one acre with the spacing of 8ft x 10ft can be installed in the farm.  

Must employ at least 1 labour or skilled worker for this commercial crop to manage a 1-acre fruit farm. Average labour cost Rs-6,000, per/month. For one year, the labour cost would be Rs 72,000 for one skilled labour/worker. 

Tree can produce few fruits after 8 months and lot more fruits after 2 years. It will increase producing fruits every year till 20 years; this is the most promising reason behind the ultimate success of this plant across the world. 

Try "C" variety plant because it is high yielding and fast-growing variety.  

Red pulp price is 160-250 Rs kg and white pulp price is only 70-80 Rs kg.

Dragon fruit farming profit per acre

Yes it is possible to earn 10 to 15 lakhs in a month from dragon fruit farming. 

The income from 1 acre dragon fruit is around 10 lakhs, after taking out the cost, you can get a net profit up to 5 lakhs, per acre in first year later it will increase. 

8 month old dragon fruit plant produces few fruits, after 16 months, it produces 6.5 ton per acre. Fruit production increases with the time after 2 years it may produce 10 to 12 ton fruits per acre.

Red pulp dragon fruit price is around 150-250 Rs/kg. If 10 ton fruits produced in an acre and sells in Rs 100/kg then also farmer is earning Rs 10 lakh in one year.

1 ton = 1016 kg ---> 10 ton (10x1016) will be = 10160 kg.

If selling price is 150 Rs per/kg ---> 150 x 10160 =  Rs15,24,000 Rs Fifteen lakh twenty four thousand is the profit.

I have given just an example you can calculate it by putting the actual value of the fruit which is around 150-250 Rs/kg in C type variety according to the region, market and availability. 

Don't forget to reduce dragon fruit farming cost of around Rs 5 to 6 lakh. Dragon fruit faming in India is gaining popularity day by day specially in south region.

Dragon fruit farming beginners

All the needed basic information required to start the farming is given below. 

Select best variety

  1. Hylocereus undatus : White flesh with pink/red skin most popular in Australia.
  2. Hylocereus Megalanthus : White flesh with yellow skin.
  3. Hylocereus Costaricensis : Purple/red flesh and pink/red skin.

Hylocereus Megalanthus - This type of dragon fruit has a white fruit flesh and a yellow shell. The shell of this variation is a bit thornier than the rest of the variations, so it is rarer to see in a garden.

Hylocereus Undatus - This is a variation with same white flesh, but exterior of this fruit is red. 

Hylocereus Costaricensis - This type of fruit is red in colouration on both the shell and the flesh. The flesh is often a deep red colouration that looks almost unnatural or blood-like. 

What is the price of a dragon fruit plant cutting?

The cost of a dragon fruit sapling is Rs 30 to Rs 45. 

What climate does dragon fruit need?

It is a tropical climate fruit, needs warm weather and partial sunlight and heat, but that also should not be excessive.

It grows as cactus plant which love warm, humid climates and need very little water. These plants are a subtropical plant which needs at least 6 hours of sunlight per day.

Soil requirement

Pitahaya fruit can be grown on almost any soil; Sandy soils that have good irrigation are generally preferred. The PH of the soil should be between 5.5 to 6.5 for a good crop.


To ensure that dragon fruit is growing correctly, give some fertilizer every month during the active growing season. You can stop feeding your plants during cold winter months. 

Inorganic fertilizer has better control over nutrients and can be complimented with that of organic fertilizers.

Organic fertilizers like compost or manure releases nutrients more slowly. Therefore the combination with inorganics, whose release is faster, is a good option.

Apply fertilizer after 2 to 3 months from the planting period. During the 1st year fertilize every eight weeks with light doses. 

Start fertilizing a couple of inches from the stem later extend to 10-15 inches. After application make good irrigation. 

Water need

Dragon fruit is part of the cactus plant family, so it needs less water. It's always good to give less water. Watering dragon fruit plant depends on the climate, humidity and age of the plant.

Best time to plant dragon fruit

Dragon fruit plantation is done in summer's and early spring. Avoid planting in winters. These plants start bearing fruits after 8 months.  

Grow dragon fruit from cuttings

Cut a 6-15 inch (12-38cm) stem from a plant (the parent plant) at least 1 year old. Cut at an angle like pencil for best results. Let the cut stem heal for about a week in a dry place. 

Concrete pole for plant support and drip irrigation for watering is recommended.  

Growing dragon fruit from seeds

Seeds take more than 16 months to grow and produce fruits, while plant cutting only take 8 months to deliver first few fruits.

Slice a dragon fruit in half and collect seeds. Fill a small pot with sterile seed starter or cactus soil mix. Use a spoon to mix the seed into the top quarter-inch of soil.

Make sure this layer is moist and then cover with a plastic sandwich bag or clear food wrap. The cover will retain moisture and warmth. 

Dragon fruit harvesting

The fruit becomes ready for harvesting after one month of flowering. Fruiting time continues till December. Picking up these fruits can be done up to 6 times within this period.

An immature fruit colour is bright green and will turn into a red colour once it is ripened. The exact time for harvesting is 3 to 4 days of colour change. While exporting, they should be harvested one day after the colour change. NCBI provides information on pharmacological uses of the plants.  

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Much needed information. Thank you.

DANA MOORE  //  Designer

Organizations supporting dragon fruit farming in India

  • ICAR - Indian Council of Agricultural Research.  
  • SOFRI (Vietnam) - Southern Horticulture Research Institute. 
  • IIHR (Bangalore) - Indian Institute of Horticulture Research. 

For more details on- DRAGON FRUIT FARMING -watch this excellent video

Questions related dragon fruit plant

Which land is suitable for dragon fruit?

It easily grow in rich fertile soil. It is soil friendly, but best soils suits are sandy loam to clay loam. 

What is the size of the dragon fruit's flower? 

They can reach the diameter of up to 25 cm and are about 30 cm in length. Flowers only open up for one night and give off a beautiful exotic and fruity scent.  

Which is the rarest dragon fruit in the world

Tyalgum purple dragon fruit is the rarest fruit in the world. That is considered as superior quality fruit.

Which variety is expensive?

Yellow and red dragon fruits are the most expensive fruits, white coloured fruit is the cheapest dragon fruit. 

How much does a dragon fruit plant cost?

Dragon fruit plant varies between Rs 30 to 70 according to location. In places like Maharashtra, Karnataka you may get the plant between Rs 30-45 and in places like UP, Uttarakhand the dragon plant price can be up to Rs 50 to Rs 70.

What is the price of one dragon fruit

Price of dragon fruit varies between Rs 150 to 200 per/kg, Rs 200 to 400 per/kg and above according to different verities and location. 

How long does it take to grow dragon fruit and deliver the first fruit?

One can get fruit from just eight months old fruit plant, but this is not much, only 2 to 3 kg, but after 16 to 18 months it can produce 6.5 to 7 ton per/acre. 

How dragon fruit taste like?

Pitahaya fruit tastes like a mix between a kiwi and a pear. A fresh pitahaya fruit contains lots of water soft creamy texture you feel when eating it fresh. Taste of dragon fruit is sweet fresh and slightly sour. 

Is dragon fruit cactus?

Yes, dragon fruit tree is a cactus species.

Pros and Cons


  • Soil Friendly - Dragon fruit can be grown on almost any soil.
  • Needs only 8 months to deliver first couple of fruits.
  • Good business opportunity due to high returns for a long period. 
  • Worldwide - Extreme demand.
  •  Ability to produce fruits- for 20 years.


  • Difficult to grow in cold climates. 
  • Growing from seeds, takes too much time.
  • India- not able to produce on a large scale.
  • It is still unrecognized cultivation in the north region of India.
  • One needs at least 5-6 lakh to start cultivation in one acre.
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