Bedu farming profit per acre costly tree India 

Another expensive tree in India but hidden from people. Bedu in Uttarakhand is found on a large scale. It is grown throughout the year in Uttarakhand. A famous Garhwali song “bedu paako bara maso” is popular in Uttarakhand which means the bedu fruit ripens all 12 months. 

Bedu is a shrub/tree with edible fruit. It belongs to the Moraceae family native to Southern Egypt across northern eastern tropical Africa and Arabian Peninsula. Bedu in India is mostly found in Uttarakhand.

Bedu farming profit per acre costly tree India 

Uttarakhand people are continually leaving the villages due to unawareness of the power of agriculture. Bedu is a profitable tree farming and more farmers should start its cultivation. Bedu cultivation can help in stopping mountain migration.

The tree produces an average of 25 kg fruits and the bedu price per kg in India is around Rs 250 to Rs 450. It is found in hill regions mostly in jungle areas of Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh. Farmers can earn good money by planting 500 trees in 1 acre.

Read thisAnjeer farming profit per acre

Bedu farming project report

Bedu is a costly tree in India, Uttarakhand due to its fruit prices which are around Rs 250 to Rs 450 per kg. One tree produces an average of 25 kg of fruits. The good thing is its farming is cheap and income returns are huge. Check out the complete project report given below.

Bedu cost per acreBedu farming profit per acre
Bedu plant price – Rs 30.
Bedu plants per acre = 500.
Total sapling price = 500 saplings x Rs 30 = Rs 15,000.
Irrigation cost = Rs 5000.
Fertilizer cost = Rs 5000.
Land preparation cost = Rs 8000.
Plant protection charges =  Rs 6000.
Miscellaneous cost =  Rs 10,000.
Total cost = Rs 49,000.
Bedu trees per acre = 500.
1 tree yield = Average 25 kg fruits.
Bedu fruits per acre = 25 kg x 500 trees = 12500 kg.
Fruits per acre = 12500 kg fruits.
Bedu price per kg = Rs 250 to Rs 450 per kg.
Let’s take the estimated cost of Rs 250 per kg.
Profit = Rs 250 x 12500 kg = Rs 31,25,000.
Net profit = Rs 31,25,000 – Rs 49,000 = Rs 30,76,000.
Bedu fruit farming profit and cost per is given in the table.

So, this is the estimated bedu tree farming project report. The profit may vary according to the market, price, availability, demand etc. 

A single tree produces fruit on average 3 times in a year and the profit figure changes after 3 harvesting. A quick calculation of bedu farming profit after harvesting 3 times is given below.

  • 1 tree produces fruits on average 3 times a year.
  • Thus bedu tree yield in 1 year = 25 kg x 3 = 75 kg.
  • 1 bedu tree yield per year = 75 kg.
  • 500 bedu tree yield = 75 kg x 500 trees = 37,500 kg.
  • Profit = Rs 250 x 37500 kg = Rs 93,75,000.
  • Net Profit = Rs 93,75,000 – Rs 49,000 = Rs 9326000.

Yes, it is one of the most profitable trees to grow in India. The sad truth is bedu cultivation is not done commercially due to lack of awarness in hill farmers. One should start bedu farming in India to generate good income from agriculture.

Bedu tree Uttarakhand

Bedu and timla are 2 different fruits mostly found in the Himalayan region, especially in the Kumaon Garhwal belt. People often get confused between bedu and timla and think both are the same but both are different fruits.

However, they belong to the same family ficus palmata. Bedu’s English name is wild fig or Indian fig. In Ayurvedic books, it is known as falgu or anjeeri. Anjeer is fig in English, it is not bedu fruit.

Plant profile

  • Scientific name – Ficus palmata.
  • Family – Moraceae.
  • Kingdom – Plantae.
  • Genus – Ficus.
  • Species – F. palmata.
  • Bedu tree height – 10 meters (30 feet).
  • Fruit diameter – 2 cm (1 inch) long (when it turns purplish).
  • Fruits per tree – 1 tree produces an average of 25 kg of fruits.
  • Flower – greenish white.

Bedu fruit farming in India

Bedu tree is mostly grown in Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Shimla, Kashmir and Himalayan regions. It is a wild fruit easily found in the villages of Garhwal and Kumaon.

It is medicinal fruit and farmers can earn good money by doing its cultivation but very few farmers are doing its cultivation on a commercial level. The tree-related important information is given below.


Raw fruits are green in colour and are used in making vegetables in the early stages. In  Uttarakhand first, these fruits are boiled in water and then cooked as vegetables. Fig fruits start ripening in June. The fruit colour turns into a dark violet colour when ripened completely. The ripened bedu fruit contains 45.2 % juice.

Fruiting time June 

The fruit ripens in June. While plucking leaves a white substance comes out which is called latex. While breaking the raw fruit latex comes out.


Bedu tree leaves help increase animal milk. So its leaves should be used as animal fodder, and animals eat these soft leaves interestingly.


Bedu fruit is used for making squash, gem, pickle, chutney and jelly. It is widely used in Ayurveda and the medical sector.

Medicinal property

Protein, fat, fibre, carbohydrates, sodium, phosphorus, calcium, iron and magnesium. It also contains antioxidant properties. Fruit helps cure diseases related to the heart, liver and urinary. It also helps in reducing migraine and stress levels.

Bedu yield per tree

An average of 25 kg of fruit is obtained from one tree.

Bedu found in India 

Bedu fruit is mainly found in India in Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab and Kashmir.

Bedu common names in India 

  • Himachal Pradesh – Fhaangra, khasra, fagar and fago. 
  • Garhwal – Bedu.
  • Kumaon – Bedu.
  • Badu in English – Wild fig, Indian fig.


What is bedu fruit ripening time?


How many bedu trees per acre should I plant?

350 to 500 trees are good enough. Although 350 trees are good to plant, for dense farming don’t plant more than 500 trees in 1 acre.

What is the English name of bedu fruit?

Bedu fruit in English is known as wild Himalayan fig.

Where is the bedu tree found in India?

Bedu trees are mostly found in Himalayan regions, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab and Kashmir. Trees are easily found in the Kumaon-Garhwal region of Uttarakhand state in India.

What is bedu farming profit per acre?

Rs 30,76,000 can be achieved by planting 500 trees in one acre.

What is the bedu fruit price per kg?

Rs 250, Rs 300 to Rs 450 per kg.

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