People often ask how can I start organic farming at home and they keep searching for how to start organic farming at home. Hey, hey if you are the same then you are most welcome because you are finally at the right place. In this blog post, we will clear your doubts about how to start organic vegetables at home. We are sure enough that after reading our post you will be easily growing organic vegetables at home. This post also contains some organic farming techniques where we have shared how to make organic pesticides, organic spray process etc.
How to do organic farming at home
How to do organic farming at home Is not as difficult as people usually think one just needs a specific place in their home back yard or nearby home like a home garden and time to prepare an organic garden at home. To avoid pesticides and growing organic vegetables you need to start from the beginning. In the beginning, you can start just with a single or 2 plants as per your convenience. You need to perform land preparation for an organic garden and for that you can hire someone. You can do it by yourself with the help of some important garden tools. Organic gardening meaning you won’t use synthetic or chemical fertilisers and pesticides on your plants and crops.
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Tools for organic farming
To start organic garden at home you need to collect some tools. Tools used for organic farming are given below
- Power gyear bypass pruner
- Fiskars softouch garden tool
- Test kit for soil
- Chamber tumbling composter
- Gardening gloves for women and men
- Watering can
How to start organic garden for beginners
You need to perform the below-given steps in order to start a new organic garden.
Preparing the best soil for organic garden
The best soil for organic garden – First you need to choose the best soil for organic vegetable garden. Remember you eat healthy food to maintain good health and the same is needed by the plants; healthy food. Healthy soil is helpful for producing healthy plants whereas chemical soil can reduce the health benefits of the yield. To get the best results from your new organic garden, properly conditioned soil is required.
Chemical soil pollution – First of all chemical mix soil seeps into your food and moreover it also harms the good bacteria, worms and other microorganisms in the soil.
Best soil tester – Soil testing is a basic but important step and people often miss this basic step. We highly recommend soil testing before organic garden startup, in order to check your soil quality you can test it by yourself or you can send a sample to your local agriculture extension office. At a minimum fee, you will get all the details about your soil quality including a complete breakdown of pH and nutrient levels. Apart from this, you will also get treatment recommendations from the office moreover, don’t forget to update them that you are starting organic vegetable garden at home. If you are doing soil tests by yourself then you should purchase the best soil tester meter for the garden. Soil testing will produce more appropriate results while testing in the falls whereas applying organic nutrients before winters is considered a good organic farming practice.
Garden compost soil – If you don’t have time for soil testing or you don’t want to perform soil testing for your organic garden it is ok but make sure the soil consists of enough organic matter including leaf compost, leaf and grass clipping, cow dung and manure. A good amount of (FYM) farmyard manure is necessary for your home garden if you want to harvest healthy plants on their harvesting time otherwise you would hardly be able to harvest anything even after a couple of months after application.
You should choose all vegetables according to their growing climate conditions. Bed raising results in good vegetable production, vegetables and flower cuttings should be grouped tightly on the beds. They should be a specific row-to-row and plant-to-plant spacing according to various vegetables. Ample, row-to-row spacing is helpful for air circulation which results in fungal attack reduction. Raised beds are good farming practice whereas grouping helps you target compost and nutrients as well as reduces weeding and water wastage.
Organic garden plants
Organic gardening plants – While answering a question about what vegetables to grow in garden and if you are a flower lover but a bit confused on which flowers to plant in vegetable garden, then the below-given list might help you.
Zucchini – Zucchini for small gardens are preferable vegetables to select by beginners and is basically known as summer squash. Zucchini are one of the easiest garden growing plants and you should choose the best zucchini for the garden as a garden beginner or intermediate.
Indeterminate tomatoes gardeners delight – Speciality of Indeterminate tomatoes is its consistent fruit-producing habit, as the name suggests the vines keep growing and producing new fruit until the frost, hence the gardener is delighted.
Non-hybrid pole beans – These are old fashioned pole beans that keeps growing and producing until winters. They are one of the easiest garden plants for beginners.
Tall Snow Peas and sugar snap peas – They are one of the best garden plants for beginners UK. They are garden friendly, delicious by taste and easy to grow.
Swiss Chard – Swiss chard is yet another easy-growing garden plant. It is a member of the beet family and both its stems and leaves can be eaten raw or cooked. Chard is also known as leaf beet, seakale beet, spinach beet and silverbeet. It is well known for bright and colourful stems that come in rainbow colours – pink, orange, yellow, red and white.
Morning is considered as the best time to water plants because morning is cool with less air that resulting in less amount of water lost via evaporation. While watering the plants in the evening they stay moist overnight resulting in fungal and bacterial disease damage.
Established plants do not need watering every day and experts also suggest the same hence, it is recommended to give less water to your established plants. Per week nearly 1 inch watering including rain is required. For a stronger plant, you should go with one or 2 applications per week, moreover, collected rainwater is the best water to use for your garden.
Regular weed removal is one of the important gardening practices for a good and healthy garden. You can reduce weeds by mulching techniques which are also helpful for soil strength. While using Lawn clipping remember they are high in nutrients, avoid using them for every plant instead you should use them with high nutrient demanding plants such as squash and lettuce.
When your plants are affected by pests it means your plants might be suffering from less light, moisture and nutrients.
Natural predators such as frogs, toads, lizards, worms are good for soil health. Beneficial insects such as ladybugs are also good for your garden health, you might believe or not but it’s true many nurseries sell cans of them. Growing plants with small blossoms such as dill and sweet is good to attract insects. You can also select horticulture oils, insecticidal soaps, hot pepper sprays, garlic sprays.
How to make organic pesticides
To make organic pesticides at home you need to perform the following steps
- Collect these items – Neem twigia, Neem leaves, Hemp, Kaner, Papdi, aankh.
- Wash all of them clearly.
- Now cut all the above in small pieces.
- Boil all these mixture for 1 day in low flame.
- After boiliing separate both hard and liquid forms.
- Now remove the solid form and collect the liquid in a bottle.
- Your organic pesticide is ready to use.
- Note it is now a highly concentrated poison so use it as guided below.
- Add only one glass of this recently made pesticide to 15-16 litre water.
- Later you can add or exceed it to 1.5 or complete 2 glass to 15-16 liter water.
- Now arrange a spray bottle to use this.
After putting in lots of hard work, now it’s time to enjoy all your effort. Your plants will produce more if you harvest them on time and correctly. Harvesting needs to be done at the correct time regularly and for some plants and vegetables every day. Morning is considered the best time for harvesting most plants.
While harvesting herbs you can pick them early in the morning if needed fresh, whereas while storing you should wait until they flower because they can produce the best flavour. While harvesting leafy greens do the partially harvesting meaning a little from each plant. When it comes to harvesting broccoli you should wait until the central portion (head) becomes large. Sharp knives and scissors are good tools to use for harvesting your garden plants and vegetables.
Last but not least cleaning plays a vital role in your organic garden. You should remove all the sick plants if noticed, if you will not remove these plants they are surely not going to produce healthy fruits and may spread the disease to other plants. So, removing unhealthy and sick plants is part of the good garden practice.