One rubber tree yield is 9.50 kg and a tree is tapped once in two days. An average of 50 grams of solid rubber is obtained on each tapping. This blog will help you to understand the rubber tree yield and trees per acre with the spacing and tapping process.
Quick Overview – 1 tree yields 9.50 kg in a year, 50 grams of rubber is obtained per tapping.
Rubber from one tree per day
Every 2 days rubber trees are tapped once and obtain a cupful of latex during the tapping process. Approximately 50 grams or 1.7 ounces of solid rubber is obtained each time. Correct rubber trapping methods are considered for successful tapping. To achieve tapping correctly farmers wound the trunk with a knife from left to right at a 30° angle starting from the top to bottom.
Only one cut is not enough and every other cut is made immediately below the previous cut. After heavy tapping trees are often rested for some period depending on their recovery. Rubber production begins at the age of 5 to 6 years of the tree and with good care, one can get benefited up to 20 years. But planting 375 trees per hectare approx 9.50 kg x 375 trees = 3562 kg yield can be achieved. By planting 150 trees per acre approx 9.50 kg x 150 trees = 1425 kg of rubber can be achieved.
Read this – How many rubber trees per acre and hectare
Rubber tree plantation in hill and plains
Around 500 trees can be planted on one acre of land and these trees need around 6 to 7 years to mature. They grow in plain as well as hill regions. While planting them in hill regions, spacing and digging space will be different from plane areas.
Pit size for plain areas is 75 x 75 x 75 cm whereas in hill regions 120 cm digging is required in which 45 cm width and 60 cm depth are considered. Rubber tree plantation is done from cuttings and seeds for fast propagating cuttings are preferred.
In hill areas, farmers are planting 450 plants with a spacing of 9 x 2.5 m and 500 plants with a spacing of 10 x 2 m. Whereas in plane regions they are planting 500 plants with a 5 x 4 m distance, 555 plants with a 6 x 3 m distance, 475 plants with a 7 x 3m distance and 416 plants with an 8 x 3 m distance.
The tree needs consistent water but one should avoid extra watering due to root damage chances. Yearly 250 cm of rainfall is required for the better propagation of the tree. At least 100 rainy days are required for growing rubber trees healthy.
Applying 25 kg of NPK per 100 m² is required after 6 to 8 weeks of planting. The tree should be fertilized every 3 years with 25 kg of compost and 2.5 kg rock phosphate per 100 m².
Pests that can harm the tree are weevils, cockhafer grub, termites, insects, nematodes, mealybugs, grasshoppers, leaf and mining caterpillars, molluscs and mites. Farmers usually use dicofol, melathon, and chlorpyrifos.
The tree needs at least 6 years for harvesting. While harvesting latex is collected from rubber trees which is known as tapping. Required girth is needed for a healthy tapping process and a minimum of six years is considered to begin tapping. When the tree is propagated with seedlings 50 to 55 cm of girth is expected in 6 years. Rubber tree yield per tree is 9.50 kg, and 4750 kg yield is expected in 1 acre by planting 500 trees.
In case you missed it – Rubber Tree Yield Per Acre Project Report
- Temperature required – 25°C to 28°C.
- Light required – 6 hours a day.
- Best soil – Acidic, lateral, loam or clay soil with pH 4.5 to 6.
- Land required – Plain clean land without any weeds.
- Rubber trees per acre – 500.
- Plantation distance – 5 x 4 m (500 plants), 7 x 3 m (475 plants).
- Average pit size – 75 x 75 x 75 cm.
How many rubber trees can be planted per acre?
Depending on spacing 150 to 500 trees can be planted in 1 acre.
How much rubber from one tree per day?
Rubber trees are tapped every 2 days and approximately 50 grams (1.7 ounces) of solid rubber is obtained each time.
What is the average yield per rubber tree?
9.50 kg is the average yield from 1 rubber tree and 500 trees yield 500 x 9.50 = 4750 kg.
How many kg of rubber per tree is achievable life long?
A rubber tree’s lifespan is around 20 to 30 years, an average of 20 years. One tree produces 9.50 kg in 1 year then it may produce 9.50 kg x 20 years = 190 kg during its lifetime.
What is the rubber yield per tree in Kerala?
9.52 kg of yield is expected from a tree in Kerala and by planting 500 plants 4750 kg yield can be obtained per acre.
How much rubber does a rubber tree produce?
9.50 to 9.52 kg.