Today, we will share Chickpea Cultivation Project Report along with chickpea cultivation practices in India. The chickpea project report is consist of chickpea yield per acre per hectare along with chickpeas cost per kg. The Chickpea is an annual legume belonging to the family “Fabasia” and subfamily ‘Faboideae’. Chickpea is quite popular as Bengal gram and some other different names of chickpea are Gram, Garbanzo, Garbanzo Bean and Egyptian pea. Chickpea beans are high protein legumes. To get a chickpea cultivation pdf you can use the below comment box or email us at our email id given on the contact us page (top menu).
What is chickpea
Chickpea in Hindi is known as chana, it is a high protein legume that also contains a bunch of minerals and other important nutrients. Chickpea is popularly known as “Bengal gram” or gram. It is majorly used in Indian dishes such as chana masala, soups, salads, stew and curry. However, chickpea is majorly consumed as pulses and vegetables for human food moreover, it is also used as livestock fodder especially for horses. Chickpea is a powerful pulse, you must add it to your food habits, especially “Raw Chickpeas”. You must have seen horses are often fed by raw black chickpeas and we all know “HorsePower”. Horse’s usually sleep in standing positions and often run very fast without panting like dogs. Chickpea belongs to the Fabaceae family and the botanical name of chickpea is “Cicer arietinum L.”
Chickpea production in India
In 2019 India has produced a massive quantity of chickpea and was able to produce 70% of the world. This was possible because of good farm management practices of plants and seed production. Chickpea cultivation in Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and major parts of South India is done on a large scale. Chickpea is grown in more than 50 countries in the world. While in India chickpea cultivation in Madhya Pradesh has an extra advantage due to the ‘Madhya Pradesh Government Schemes for Farmers’ and therefore holds the first position as well. Moreover, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh army major chickpea growing states in India.
Chickpea Cultivation Project Report
Chickpea farming project report contains chickpea cost per acre and chickpea crop yield per acre
Chickpea farming cost per acre
- Chickpea seed cost per acre = Rs 800
- Land preparation cost = Rs 2500
- Plant protection charges = Rs 1200
- Fertiliser cost = Rs 2000
- Harvesting cost = Rs 1500
- Miscellaneous = Rs 1000
- Total cost = Rs 9000 (120.05 USD)
Chickpea yield per acre
- 1 acre = 8 to 10 quintal of chickpea or 800 kg to 1000 kg chickpeas
- 1 kg chickpeas price in India varies between Rs 50 to Rs 200 according to varieties
- Let’s take Rs 50 per kg chickpea rate
- If farmer produces 8 quintals from 1 acre land
- Then Rs 50 x 800 kg chickpeas = Rs 40,000
- Now lets calculate chickpea yield per acre in India
- Chickpea crop yield per acre = chickpea crop profit – chickpea crop cost
- Chickpea cultivation profit = Rs 40,000 – Rs 9000
- Net Profit = Rs 31000 (413.56 USD)
Thus chickpea farming profit per acre will be Rs 31,000
Varieties of chickpea in India
Chickpea is classified into two varieties based on thickness, shape, colour and size of the seeds.
Desi chickpea and Kabuli chickpea
Desi chickpeas – Desi chickpeas are majorly cultivated in India and Bangladesh. The seeds of desi chickpeas are smaller in size, angular in shape with thick coats.
Kabuli chickpeas – Kabuli chickpeas were introduced to India in the 18th century and are larger in size with a thin coat. They are different in colour from white to tan and majorly cultivated in Europe, Africa Pakistan, Chile and Afghanistan.
Desi chickpeas versus Kabuli chickpeas
In comparison to Kabuli chickpeas, desi chickpeas are high in fibre content and low in glycemic index (GI).
Chickpea growing States
Chickpea production by State – Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra Rajasthan.
Local names of chickpea in India
Chana (Hindi), Chana sabut (Urdu), Buta (Oriya), Chole (Punjabi), Channa (Gujarati), Kadala (Malayalam), Chola (Bengali), Kadale (Kannada), Harbare (Marathi), Kadalai (Tamil), Senagalu (Telugu).
Hybrid varieties of chickpea in India
Hybrid varieties of chickpea are classified into two types desi chickpea varieties and Kabuli chickpea varieties
Hybrid Desi Chickpea Varieties – Avrodhi, Pant G-186, Gaurav, Uday (KP-75), Gora Hisar, K 850, Annegri-1, PUSA-209, BDN-9-3, RS-11, RS-10, ST-4, B-124BR-78, C-3, Phule G-5, C-235, G-543, C-235, Radhey, H-355, Haryana Chana, Pant G-114, H-208, Pusa – 256, Pusa – 362, Pusa – 372, J G – 315
Hybrid Kabuli Chana Variety – Sadabahar, Pusa-053, C-104, L-144, L-550, Pusa-1003
Where is chickpea grown in India?
Chickpea cultivation in India is majorly done in South India. Apart from Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Uttarpradesh, Chickpea cultivation in Maharashtra, Chickpea cultivation in Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh are also done majorly. Moreover, in comparison to North India chickpea cultivation in South India has more edge because the number of chickpea growers is more in the south Indian region.
The recommended dose of fertilizer for chickpea
Fertilizer for chickpea – Fertilizer management in chickpea farming is one of the most important assets for booking the higher chickpea yield per hectare. Chickpea yield per plant mostly depends on the scheduled fertilizer application in chickpea. Fertilizer requirements for chickpea can be divided according to the soil quality or fertility of the soil. In poor soil chickpea crop requires well-rotted farmyard manure (FYM). The recommended dose of fertilizer for chickpea is Nitrogen 25 kg/ha, Phosphorus 125 to 150 kg/ha, Diammonium phosphate 125 to 150 kg/ha. Dig the soil about 8 cm deep and you can use a garden hole digging drill tool from amazon at the price between $2 to $5. It is recommended to apply the above-given manures and fertilizers before sowing the seeds.
How to start chickpea farming (FAQ)
To start chickpea crop cultivation you need to follow some basic steps that are given below step by step in order to help you. By following the below-given steps you will be able to start chickpea cultivation in Australia, chickpea cultivation Canada or wherever you live. You just need to adjust according to your climate conditions otherwise chickpea cultivation practices are the same for everyone.
What is the climate requirement for chickpea farming?
Chickpea growing time – Chickpea crop plant prefers moisture conditions. Winter is considered a chickpea growing season however, chickpea crop does not tolerate frost during the flowering stage due to seed development damage risk.
What is the chickpea growing temperature?
Chana crop grows well under moisture conditions and the ideal chickpea temperature is between 24°C to 30°C.
What is the chickpea germination temperature?
Chickpea optimum temperature for final germination is between 10°C to 15°C.
Rainfall required for chickpea?
Chickpea crops need 65 cm to 95 cm rainfall annually to thrive in a better way and produce quality chickpea yield per acre. Excessive rain is not good at the time of sowing, flowering stage and seed maturity stage, it will result in heavy crop damage.
What are the chickpea soil requirements?
Chickpea growth soil – Chickpea crops are able to grow on a wide range of soils. However, fertile sandy loam to clay loamy soil with good drainage is the preferable chickpea soil type. Moreover, chickpea crop grows moderately on heavy soils, black cotton soils and sandy loam soils. Avoid heavy alkaline soils for chana farming in India.
What should be the chickpea soil pH level?
The ideal soil pH level for chickpea forming is 5.5 to 7.0.
Explain chickpea cultivation land preparation?
Not only organic cultivation of vegetables but also organic farming of pulses are gaining popularity day by day and before land preparation, we recommend to go for organic cultivation of tomato, rice or pulses. However, a couple of ploughing is necessary for preparing the land for each type of soil. For preparing the land with heavy soil rough seedbeds are prepared for easy seedling germination and to accommodate soil aeration. Land should be prepared before monsoon to retain sufficient moisture in the soil beds. Even, if you are doing mixed cropping, meaning other cereals along with chickpea crops in the same field, prepare the land before the monsoon. Farming tools like spades and tractors can be used to maintain the ground.
What is the chickpea seed rate per acre?
Chickpea seed structure should be 30 kg to 45 kg per acre. Moreover, 24 to 28 plants per square metre is considered for chickpea cultivation in India.
What is the chickpea seed rate per hectare?
70 to 100 kg chickpea seed is considered for 1 hectare.
What is the chickpea seeds sowing time?
The first and second week of october is considered as ideal chickpea sowing time. Chickpea late sowing may result in less chana yield per acre in India.
Name some crop rotation in chickpeas?
Crop rotation of chickpeas is practised to avoid soil-borne disease in chickpeas. Crop rotation of chickpeas with other cereals are given below
Sorghum – Chickpea, Rice – Chickpea, Maize – Chickpea, Pearl millet – Chickpea, Kharif follow – Chickpea
What are the mixed crops with chickpea?
Some of the mixed crops that can be grown with chickpeas are barley, wheat, mustard crop, linseed and rapeseed.
What is the best fertilizer for chickpea per acre?
Some of the best fertilizers for chickpea are well-rotted farmyard manure (FYM) for rough and poor soil. Phosphorus 30kg to 50 kg/acre, diammonium phosphate 30kg to 50 kg/acre, nitrogen 8-10 kg/acre. Cow dung is mostly used in the largest organic farming in USA and it is used as farmyard manure in organic farming in India.
Describe irrigation management in chickpea?
Irrigation levels in chickpea – The chickpea crop requires light irrigation and irrigation can be managed through the rain as well. However, proper chickpea irrigation scheduling can result in a good yield of chickpea production in Australia. In case of no rains follow the schedule as 1 irrigation at the pre-flowering stage, 1 irrigation at flowering stage and 1 irrigation at pod developing stage. While under irrigation conditions pre-sowing irrigation is required for better germination of seeds. Remember chickpea crop is not able to tolerate water stagnation in the field therefore provide a proper internal drainage system to the field.
How to control weed in chickpea farming?
Chickpea farming weed control – Weed infestation in chickpea farming is slightly more in comparison to other crops so you need to perform regular exercise for weed control in chickpea farming. One should perform the 1st wedding after 4 to 5 weeks of the weed sowing process. Hoeing with a hand is good but hoeing with a wheel can be helpful for the time-saving weed removal process, however, using both methods can result in good farming exercise. The second wedding is required to be performed after 2 months of weed sowing. Generally, organic herbicides are used for the weed removing process in chickpea farming which results in higher chickpea production USA. Pre-emergence fluchloralin 1kg as a baseline/ha in 900 litres water should be applied to the soil before the seed sowing process.
What are the pests and diseases of chickpea farming?
Some of the major pests in chickpea farming are Pod borers and CutWorms. Whereas diseases in chickpea crops are Wilt, Grey Mold of chickpea, Rust, Sclerotinia Blight and Ascochyta Blight.
How to manage pests and diseases in chickpea farming?
Pest and disease management in chickpea is the real reason behind the quality chickpea production in Ethiopia. Pest management in chickpea are given below:
Cutworms – Apply Lindane 6% granules @20 to 30 kg per hectare mix it into the soil.
Pod Borer – Pod borer in chickpea is a common pest. Apply Endosulfan spray 35 EC @ 1.30 litres and mix in 950 to 1000 litres of water.
To control disease in chickpea farming
Wilt – Wilt is the result of a fungus. Apply seed treatment with benlate mixture of Thiram (1:1) @ 2.5 grams per kg of seed. You can use Wilt Resistant varieties such as Avrodhi, Pusa-362, C-214, Uday.
Grey Mold – Apply 0.2 % bevistin spray to control grey mold of chickpea. The late sowing time of seeds will also reduce this disease chances.
Sclerotinia Blight – Apply to the soil, mixture captan and brassicol @ 12 kg per hectare to control sclerotinia in chickpeas.
Rust – Apply 0.2% Mancozeb spray 75 WP. Mancozeb spray Rate is between $1.50 to $5 accordingly.
Ascochyta Blight – Apply thiram or bavistin @2.5 kg seed before sowing.
Can we grow chickpeas in UK?
Not only UK farmers but also people living in the UK often ask “can chickpeas be grown in UK”? We should say definitely yes, chickpeas can be part of the “UK Garden Crop”. Moreover, this crop needs less amount of irrigation, however, a good amount of well-rotted FYM is needed in poor soil.
When to harvest chickpeas UK?
Generally, chickpea gets ready for harvesting after approximately 100 days. One should note when the leaves of chickpea start turning reddish-brown it also starts shedding from the plant. To pluck the plant you can use a sickle or it can be done by hand as well. After plucking allow the crop under sunlight to dry out for at least a week. Later apply the threshing process by beating the crop with the stick.
What is the chickpea yield per hectare in India?
An average yield of 20 to 30 quintals from one hectare can be achieved in chickpea cultivation in India.