How to grow bonsai tree at home | bonsai tree for beginners book

Today we will understand the concept of bonsai tree 

What is the meaning of bonsai

Bonsai word is formed by two words. In Japan bon means “less deeper” and sai means “to plant”

How to grow bonsai plant - FAQ

Bonsai plant has an unusual method of growing. The plant is not grown by seed actually it is a process to keep a large tree in small size into the pot and the plant looks older than its age. Beautifully designed bonsai looks like wooden plants and more wooden plants may decorate your garden as wooden planters it also gives the feel of a garden pharmacy. 

Bonsai is a plant that needs regular water and good care we have divided bonsai growing method in few steps  

  • in step 1 - bonsai plants are kept in nursery with at most care. 
  • step 2 - selection of bonsai  plant pot.
  • step 3 - soil mixture is prepared for the pot and it contains good amount of nutrients. 
  • step 4 - fertilizer is prepared.
  • step 5 - schedule bonsai watering system. 
  • step 6 - bonsai replanting.
  • step 7 - bonsai care - all these steps are explained below please have a look for better bonsai plants ideas.

Methods of bonsai techniques

Straight method – in this method tree grows straight whereas round and pyramid shape is given to the branches

Irregular straight method – these trees grows straight but stem has lots of curve. Young plant with more branches is being selected for this method.

Slant method – in this method tree branches grows slant

Plants were forced in a particular shape and size by copper wire and placed in a triangular pot

Sweep method – In this method all branches are tied with wire to mold the tree. Care is taken that no branches cross each other.

What is the height of bonsai tree

The tallest bonsai tree is of 1 meter

Smallest bonsai tree – 15 to 30 cm

Average bonsai tree height – 30 to 60 cm

Tall bonsai height – 60 cm to 1 meter

How to select bonsai plants  

While selecting bonsai tree you should check the following qualities of the tree

  • Plant should have long life
  • It should easily survive in tough circumstances
  • Plant leaf, fruit, stem, flowers and branches should be attractive
  • Insects and moths should not attract towards the plant

Bonsai tree selection

Pomegranate, mango, banyan, peepal, pine, rubber, lemon tree, neem tree, jambolan, fig, tamarind, gular tree, orange tree, cedar tree, Indian jujube, pear, semal tree, boganvelia

  • Peepal tree specialty – This tree only releases oxygen for 24 hours continuously
  • Bamboo – In bamboo tree region sky lighting fall chances reduces
  • Tulsi (Basin) – One basil plant releases oxygen equal to ten trees

Bonsai growing medium

Bonsai growing from seed – It is a long process in comparison of cutting. In this process you can purchase some seeds from nursery or plant shop then germinate them in healthy and rich soil.

Bonsai growing from cutting – In comparison of seeds cutting is always preferred due to fast growth in plants. You can simply take a branch cutting of your favorite tree then plant it in your nursery or garden backyard you should already prepare a rich field for your bonsai plants.

Bonsai plant pots

Bonsai tree plant pot  

Bonsai plant pots size are

  • Bonsai egg shape pot 
  • Round size, square
  • Shallow bonsai pots: there must be two holes in shallow pots
  • For bonsai bend method you should choose deeper pots.
  • You can choose various pot size like 25 cm, 30 cm indoor plant pot

Bonsai soil requirements 

Bonsai soil recipe – soil should be friable so that water can easily drain out. Choose red soil along with dung fertilizer, vermicomposting, sand and decomposed leaf fertile then mix all of them in equal ratio.

bonsai tree

Organic bonsai fertilizer recipe  

Bonsai fertilizer recommendations – cow dung manure, neem cake, peanut cake, castor cake, rotted leaf manure.

Bonsai fertilizer cake recipe - Peanut cake (half kg) + neem cake (half kg) into 5 litre water and save it for at least 1 month. This mixture need to be provided to your plants twice in the month. Also add single super phosphate into the mixture.

 bonsai fertilizer reddit - Generally bonsai are such plants that can grow anywhere in any season they are the big trees that easily grows near roads without any care like banana trees, peepal trees (fig tree).  But when it comes to bonsai they may need some fertilizer that is given above.

Bonsai watering system  

bonsai watering schedule need to be made in such a way that you can manage it along with your other works on daily basis you should plan bonsai water requirements according to the species.  

Please choose the appropriate fertilizer mixture for your bonsai plants it is suggested to use more organic and less chemical fertilizer for your plants.

Bonsai water requirement

bonsai needs more water so provide water per day and fulfill the pot completely

15 years old bonsai tree

Bonsai tree price depends on various factors including species, design, looks and age of the tree. Moreover, while purchasing 2 year old bonsai you have to pay less in comparison of 15 year old bonsai.  

Prune in bonsai 

Bonsai pruning rules – Pruning in bonsai is an important part one should perform this activity with much care, you should choose good bonsai pruning tools and selecting strong, comfortable bonsai pruning scissors are very important. These attractive bonsai plants need regular pruning you should cut all the unimportant branches.

How to replant bonsai plant

While replanting bonsai plant first carefully separate the plant then remove the mud from the roots and cut 75 % roots from all four sides after this process place the plant in a new pot with the help of wires then fill mud. To avoid large roots regular pruning of the root is necessary along with pot change. Moreover, new roots are faster while consuming nutrients in comparison of old roots

Bonsai pots should contain small holes on 4 corners if not you can create them. Then insert copper wire into the holes this gives benefit while cutting and pruning of the bonsai root actually this method provides easiness while taking bonsai plant out of the pot.

Replant bonsai tree

When to replant bonsai seedlings – Usually bonsai plants are developed in nursery and later they are planted into the pot. It is advised if the bonsai roots exposed i.e bonsai roots coming out of soil, bonsai roots coming out of pot or the pot’s clues began to close then please change your bonsai tree pots without any more delay.

Bonsai maintenance beginners 

Maintenance of bonsai tree – However, bonsai tree requires good amount of water but it depends on the particular species of bonsai. It also depends on pot size, soil and climate moreover overwatering bonsai tree can cause a root rot that may result in plant loss. Re potting is one of the most important thing in bonsai tree you should perform this exercise when bonsai roots growing out of pot remember when you will see bonsai roots coming out of pot don’t wait for long and change the pot as soon as possible. You can also change the pot once in a year according to the species.

How to develop bonsai plants

Bonsai trim leaves – leave trim in bonsai plays an important role in bonsai propagation. You should remove unnecessary leaves on regular basis it will help your tree to grow healthy because after cutting unnecessary leaves the nutrition that was consumed by these waste leaves will equally divided into other parts of the tree.

Pruning bonsai branches, trim bonsai roots (pruning bonsai roots), cutting back bonsai trunk are some of the important factors of bonsai propagation methods

Bonsai development stages – Use of wire is common in bonsai trees in this stage you can use copper wire for better results. Wiring branches and trunks allows the person to make the design of the choice.

 Clamping of bonsai – clamping devices can be used for shaping bonsai trunks and branches.

Taking care of bonsai plants

While growing bonsai in containers require much care than other house plants. Bonsai tree generally needs more and regular water along with good nutrients. If it is said bonsai needs regular and sufficient water it does not mean that every bonsai needs much water you need to perform this exercise according to the species.

Bonsai care

In winters try to place your plants in side your home if it is not possible then arrange a sheet and a polybag to cover your bonsai tree. In summers during hot days don’t place your plant in direct sunlight try to  provide partial sunlight. Moreover, morning - evening two time sunlight is more than enough for the tree, in summers provide sufficient water to the bonsai trees.

While planting bonsai plant don’t allow any air in between the roots so press your plant properly.

  • Place your bonsai in fresh air and sunlight
  • Try to keep bonsai natural
  • Do not tie the copper wire tightly

Bonsai garden design ideas

Bonsai design styles

  1. Rock grown
  2. Broom
  3. Raft
  4. Group planting
  5. Windswept
  6. Slanting
  7. Semi – cascade
  8. Full – cascade
  9. Multiple trunks
  10. Formal upright
  11. Informal upright

Important plants for bonsai in hills

Araucaria, Aucuba, Silver fir, Spruce, Taxus, Thuja, Zanthoxylum, Peach, Pines, Plane tree, Magnolia, Ginko, Juniper, Koelreuteria, Podocarpus, Sal, Silver fir, Spruce, Flame of the forest, Coral tree, Cryptomeria

Advantages and disadvantages of bonsai tree

We can also see this section as pros and cons of bonsai tree

Benefits of bonsai tree

  • Growing bonsai tree is a boon for the people who are interested in small garden activity but living in metro cities and don’t have much land to install their gardens.
  • Growing bonsai tree is a stress reliever.
  • It gives you the opportunity to work for the nature and somehow it can change your behavior into a more peaceful person.
  • Like indoor house plants bonsai are also used as air purifier
  • Sacred fig plant is such bonsai that can deliver oxygen continuously for 24 hours

Disadvantages of bonsai tree

  • Bonsai plants need much care and regular water plus nutrients in comparison of other house plants
  • Shifting bonsai tree from one pot to other pot is tough job
  • Bonsai tree business is difficult to start because bonsai trees needs long time and good care.

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