Bamboo farming profit per acre | Bamboo farming in 1 acre subsidy

Bamboo farming in 1 acre is profitable if practiced correctly. This blog will help you in growing bamboo for profit. A fantastic subsidy farming scheme is also explained here which will reduce the cultivation cost for sure. 

Quick overview - Bamboo farming profit in 1 acre is Rs 916000, business in demand, best practices.

Bamboo is also known as green gold environment in personal farms and is already shifted in grass category. Modi government is supporting bamboo farming and has already launched a national bamboo mission in which they are giving 50 % subsidy to farmers and believe me government is ready to launch much more schemes to promote bamboo farming in India. 

In lower portion of the post you can collect the bamboo subsidy information. 

It is advised to apply for the 50 % subsidy by Indian government through National Bamboo Mission. Details are given below or click here (jump link) to reach directly to that point.

Bamboo plantation cost per acre

You can select different planation slabs according to the spacing

Let’s select 500 plants in 1 acre of land.

Cost of 1 plant = Rs 25-30, Rs 50-80, Rs 100 (best quality)

1 plant cost = Rs 100.           

500 plants x Rs 100 = 50,000 plants cost ( 50 % subsidy available).

Manure and fertilzer cost per plant in 1 year

Manure required per plant in 1 year = 10 kg.

Cost of manure = 2.5 - 5 Rs per kg ( cost may differ accordingly).

Rs 3 x 10 kg = Rs 30 for 1 plant.

Rs 23 x 500 plants = Rs 15,000 is manure cost for 1 year.

Fertilizer cost per plant in 1 year

1 plant requires 7 to 7.3 kg fertilizer in 1 year.

The cost of fertilizer varies between Rs 20 to 30 (may differ according to the composition).

Rs 20 x 7 kg = Rs 140 for 1 plant.

Rs 140 x 500 plants = 70,000.

Note - While purchasing fertilizer and manure in bulk you may get the cheaper price.

Drip irrigation cost 40,000 to 55,000 (price may vary according to the spacing)

Drip irrigation cost = 50,000.

Labour charge = Rs 20,000 ( it will increase during harvesting)

Plant protection charges = Rs 6000.

Land preparation = Rs 5000.

Total cost for 1st year

Plants cost 50,000 + manure and fertilizer 85,000 + drip irrigation 50,000 + labour charges 15,000 + plant protection Rs 6000 + land preparation Rs 5000 + miscellaneous Rs 5000

Total cost (1st year) = Rs 2,16,000 / Rs Two lakh sixteen thousand

Cost calculation for 5 years

Total bamboo costing for 5 years = Rs 5,84,000.

Bamboo farming profit per acre

  • Bamboo selling price is between Rs 25, Rs 50 and Rs 100 per plant.
  • Note – planting 500 plants will become around 25,000 to 35,000 after 5 years.
  • Rs 50 x 30,000 bamboos = Rs 15 lakh.
  • Net profit = Total Profit - Total cost.
  • Net Profit = 1500000 – 584000 = Rs 9,16,000.
  • Net Profit after five years = Rs 916000 / Nine lakh sixteen thousand.

One can plant up to 2000 plants per acre and after 5 years the quantity may become between 50,000 to 1 lakh bamboos.

Note – This is the estimated project report of bamboo farming in 1 acre and profit or cost may vary accordingly.  

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Bamboo business in India

Bamboo business in India is already on higher side and people are already making a good profit. People are selling bamboo sticks all over the India and they are making a decent amount.

They sell bamboo sticks to vegetable farmers for maintaining climbing crops. Furniture industry, construction industry, instrument industry and boat industry needs these sticks on a large scale. 

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How to start bamboo farming in India

To start this cultivation follow the below given question and answers.

Best climate

Warm temperature and tropical climates are suitable for cultivation. It has more than 14k species and some of the varieties are also seen growing comfortably in hill region in cold climate so people living in Himachal and Uttarakhand can also start the bamboo cultivation commercially. According to a belief bamboos can grow 3 inches a day in tropical conditions. 

Water requirement

However, it does not require much water but when it gets proper water it grows fast so you can use drip irrigation. In case of less water region you should use rain water harvesting. You can try to store rain water in any farming. For storing rain water dig a waste land near by your farm and construct it in the shape of small ponds. Use cemented floor to store water, you can apply for loan to get government subsidy.

Drip irrigation is recommended in this cultivation it will also save water. Sprinkler irrigation may be the second option. This grass plant takes time to get established into the soil so it is recommended to water your bamboos regularly during the first couple of months. 

Soil required

pH 4.5 to 6 is the preferable soil category for bamboo farming. Bamboo grass likes sandy, loamy clay soils.

Bamboo fertilizer ratio

Add 2 kg phosphorous with soil mixture then fill it in each pit up to 10 cm however, bamboos can grow with less water but providing sufficient and proper water may result in fast growing so you should plant them before rainy season.

This grass plant mostly grows in jungles in rich soil and rich environment it means the its species needs good nutrients moreover, one bunch of mature bamboo trees needs 5 pounds of NPK fertilizer in a year.

Select nitrogen full soil or arrange a good amount of nitrogen for your soil because the growth of the new shoots depends on the content of nitrogen in the soil. For strong and healthy root system potassium is needed in the right quantity.

Select such fertilizer that constantly supplies potassium and nitrogen slowly but steadily throughout the year. So A 13-3-13 is recommended as a special fertilizer for bamboos because it has a habit of releasing potassium and nitrogen slowly into the soil which will continue throughout the year.

Propagation methods

Planting materials need to be raised in a nursery before planting on the farm, the propagation techniques includes seeds, wildings, tissue cultured plantlets, offsets, cuttings and air layering.

Seeds propagation - Growing bamboo by seed is a big challenge because seeds take much more longer time to grow it may take 8-12 months and also needs good water with nutrient supply. Seeds are produced when plants flower and it takes more than 40 to 80 years so in large cultivation this method is hardly used.

Wilding technique - While performing this technique it is observed that the plant root system may cause some problems and the plant may suffer.

Rhizome propagation - It is the best propagation method for large and commercial bamboo cultivation and is successfully used in small farms too.

Offset propagation - In this method the lower portion of bamboo along with 3-5 nodes, rhizome and roots together. The culm selection system is one of the important step.

How much bamboo per acre

One can easily plant 300 to 2000 bamboo plants according to the spacing. Bamboo cultivation in Uttarakhand can solve the village migration problem. To get quick results youngsters should enter in the farming field because they are more experimental then our old generations. 

Bamboo plantation per acre spacing:

  • 5 x 5 spacing (high density) 2000 plants can be planted in 1 acre.
  • 10 x 10 spacing 1000 bamboo plants per acre.
  • Increase in spacing means decrease in plants quantity.
  • Remember if you will plant 2000 plants then they may become 50k to 1 lakh bamboos after 5 years. 
bamboo farming

Humidity between 75 to 85 % is good for the cultivation.

Picture credit goes to

bamboo leaves

Once the plant get rooted correctly into the soil then you can take intervals to water it. However, it may survive with less or very less water but the growth massively depends on the good supply of water.

If you are not able to arrange drip or sprinkler irrigation then you must search for other irrigation options. You can store rainwater for that you need a wasteland nearby your farm and convert that land into a small pond and to avoid cement cost you can purchase a thick poly sheet for initial days.


  • Thread bright.
  • Leaf rust.
  • Leaf spot.
  • Branch die-back.
  • Witches broom.
  • Foliage bright.
  • Bamboo blight.
  • Rhizome root rot.
  • Little leaf.


Aphids, Scales, Mealybugs, Termites, Beetles.

Varieties of bamboo plants

  • Bambusa polymorpha.
  • Dendrocalamus hamiltonii.
  • Dendrocalamus strictus.
  • Oxytenanthera stocksii.
  • Melocanna bambusoides.
  • Ochlandra travancorica.
  • Schizostachyum dulloa.
  • Throstachys oliverii.
  • Bambusa balcooa.
  • Bambusa bambos.
  • Bambusa nutans.
  • Bambusa pallida.
  • Bambusa vulgaris.
  • Dendrocalamus brandsii.
  • Bambusa tulda.
  • Dendrocalamus giganteus.

Bamboo uses

  • Leaves are being used for making electricity.
  • Bamboo + grain straw is also used to make electricity.
  • Bamboo tree are also used in making Indian currency.
  • Vermicomposting = cow dung + bamboo leaves + earthworm + decompose process.
  • Musical instruments.
  • Furniture's.
  • Fencing.
  • Pulp and paper.
  • Biomass production.
  • Handicrafts.
  • Construction purposes.
  • Agriculture support material.
  • Vegetable box.

Government schemes for bamboo farming in India

According to the central government, this mission is a dream mission to replace plastic items from bamboo made items. Let’s first understand the mission

NBM India

During the 14th finance commission, the cabinet on economic affairs has approved the national bamboo mission under the national mission for sustainable agriculture. Through this mission, the farmer can get an advantage of 50 % subsidy.

National bamboo mission subsidy

The mission is being promoted by the government on large scale in this mission small farmers will get Rs 120 subsidy on 1 plant. Loan is available with 50 % subsidy on related materials for bamboo farming.

Subsidy amount will be distributed in 3 years in 3 installments, 1st year 60 %, 2nd year 30%, 3rd year 20 %.

One can start its farming with 50 % amount because rest 50 % amount will be filled by the government, lets understand the share ratio.

Farmer 50 % + Government 50 % = Bamboo farming.

In 50 % government investment there will be 60% Central government share + 40 % State government share.

While calculating the same in north east the ratio is different here farmer gets more benefit.

Farmer 40 % + Government 60 % = Bamboo farming.

Government 60 % will be divided like this: State government 10 % + Central government 90 %. After getting this subsidy bamboo farming profit might be huge. 

National bamboo mission motive

  1. This mission will create a big revolution specially in village migration problem, if farmers will apply this farming on big scale then it has the potential to produce good income which will help to stop village migration.
  2. Its main motive is to replace plastic.
  3. For making furniture's, beds, marriage destinations, ceremony halls, sustainable agriculture etc.
  4. It is capable of producing a large number of vacancies which will decrease the unemployment ratio.
  5. They are well known as green gold because they are environmentally friendly.


Bamboo has been removed from the tree category in Jan 2018 by the central government however, the law is only for personal farms it is not implemented for jungle farms.

Its leaves are used for animal fodder and can also be used for making electricity.

This grass is mostly used for making furniture and other necessary household items so it will reduce tree cutting which will help the environment.

They are grown in a spacing of 4 meters each so it also allows you to mix cropping.

Rashtriya Bans Mission Yojana Online Registration 

  • To get the benefit of the NBM you need to register for the mission.
  • You should visit the official website
  • Fill the application form.
  • Submit the form to the same website.

Bamboo farming in India

Now bamboo farming profit per acre in Maharashtra is not hidden and lots of Marathi farmers are making good profit. Ultimately bamboo farming in Maharashtra is becoming more popular.

Apart from Maharashtra bamboo farming in Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Haryana, Punjab, Tamil Nadu and Nagpur etc is spreading rapidly.

This grass crop gives option for multi cropping is a form of farming in which more than one crop is cultivated in same land you can read more about multilayer farming techniques here.

There are more than 14k species of bamboos in the world, they are known for fast growth and considered as fastest growing plants in the world. These plants have various growing varieties clumping bamboo and running bamboo. Running as the name suggests is the fast growing variety in comparison to clumping verities.

Bamboo Research Centre in India

  1. FRI Dehradun - Forest Research Institute of Dehradun is the first and the oldest research institute in India.
  2. State Forest Department - SFD headquarter is established in chasa region of Arunachal Pradesh.
  3. Kerala Forest Research Institute (KFRI) - Bamboo research institute in Kerala.


Where to sell bamboo?

Vegetable growers specially tomato growers, plywood industry, paper mill, Agarbatti industry, toothpick market, ethanol, methanol, furniture industry, artificial cup plate market, biomass factory.

Where to buy bamboo plants? 

  • Raj Shekhar Patil contact number - 9860209283.
  • Address - Raj Shkehar Patil Bamboo Seller village Nipani, Maharashtra.
  • Manvsgreen - Visit this site to book mahogany saplings order in bulk. 

Is bamboo farming profitable in India?

Yes, farmers are already earning Rs 15 lakh.

You should approach the farmer service center that is created to help farmers and these service centers are available at almost every district.

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