Bamboo farming profit per acre | how to start bamboo farming in India

Bamboo is also known as green gold environment In personal farms bamboo is already shifted in grass category. If you are looking for bamboo farming then I must tell you Modi government is eying on bamboo farming and the government has already launched a national bamboo mission in which they are also giving 50 % subsidy to farmers and believe me government is ready to launch much more schemes to promote bamboo farming. So this is the right time to enter in the bamboo cultivation. In lower portion of the post you can collect the bamboo subsidy information. Moreover, bamboo farming profit in India is growing year by year and bamboo farmers are already taking advantage of bamboo cultivation. 

There are more than 14k species of bamboos in the world, bamboos are known for fast growth and they are considered as fastest growing plants in the world. Bamboo plants have various growing varieties clumping bamboo and running bamboo. Running as the name suggests is the fast growing variety in comparison to clumping verities of bamboo.


Before starting bamboo project report it is advised to apply for the 50 % subsidy by Indian government through National Bamboo Mission - details are given below or click here (jump link) to reach directly to that point.


Bamboo plantation cost per acre


You can select different planation slabs according to the spacing

Let’s select 500 plants in 1 acre of land

Cost of 1 bamboo plant = Rs 25-30, Rs 50-80, Rs 100 (best quality)

1 bamboo plant cost = Rs 100           

500 bamboo plants x Rs 100 = 50,000 plantation cost ( 50 % subsidy available)


Manure and fertilzer cost per plant in 1 year

Manure required per plant in 1 year = 10 kg

Cost of manure = 2.5 - 5 Rs per kg ( cost may differ accordingly)

Rs 3 x 10 kg = Rs 30 for 1 plant

Rs 23 x 500 plants = Rs 15,000 is manure cost for 1 year


Fertilizer cost per plant in 1 year

1 plant requires 7 to 7.3 kg fertilizer in 1 year

The cost of fertilizer varies between Rs 20 to 30 (may differ according to the composition)

Rs 20 x 7 kg = Rs 140 for 1 plant

Rs 140 x 500 plants = 70,000

Note - While purchasing fertilizer and manure in bulk you may get the cheaper price


Drip irrigation cost 40,000 to 55,000 (price may vary according to the spacing)

Drip irrigation cost = 50,000


Labour charge = Rs 20,000 ( it will increase during harvesting)

Plant protection charges = Rs 6000

Land preparation = Rs 5000


Total cost for 1st year

Plants cost 50,000 + manure and fertilizer 85,000 + drip irrigation 50,000 + labour charges 15,000 + plant protection Rs 6000 + land preparation Rs 5000 + miscellaneous Rs 5000

Total cost (1st year) = Rs 2,16,000 / Rs Two lakh sixteen thousand


Table - cost calculation given for 5 years


Materials

1st year

2nd year

3rd year

4th year

5th year

Planting materials

Rs 50,000

--

--

--

harvesting

Drip irrigation installation

Rs 50,000

Irrigation Rs 20,000

Irrigation Rs 20,000

Irrigation Rs 20,000

Irrigation Rs 3000

Land preparation

Rs 5,000

--

--

--

--

Labour charges

Rs 15,000

Rs 10,000

Rs 10,000

--

--

Plant protection

Rs 6000

--

--

--

--

Fertilizer, manure charges

Rs 85,000

Rs 85,000

Rs 85,000

Rs 85,000

Rs 20,000

Harvesting charges

Rs           15,000

miscellaneous

Rs 5000

Rs 5000

R 5000

Rs 5000

Rs 20,000

Total

Rs 2,16,000

Rs 1,20,000

Rs 1,20,000

Rs 1,10,000

Rs 18,000

Total bamboo costing for 5 years = Rs 5,84,000 - Rs five lakh eighty four thousand

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Bamboo farming profit per acre

bamboo farm profit per acre in India (bamboo farming in 1 acre)

  • Bamboo selling price is between Rs 25, Rs 50 and Rs 100 per plant
  • Note – planting 500 bamboo plants will become around 25,000 to 35,000 bamboos after 5 years
  • Rs 50 x 30,000 bamboos = Rs 15 lakh
  • Net profit = Total Profit - Total cost
  • Net Profit = 1500000 –  584000 = Rs 9,16,000
  • Net Profit after five years = Rs 916000 / Nine lakh sixteen thousand

Note – One can plant up to 2000 bamboo plants per acre and after 5 years the quantity may become between 50,000 to 1 lakh bamboos

How to start a bamboo farming in India - FAQ

Before starting bamboo farming you need to collect some basic information about bamboo farming please follow the given details to start bamboo farming business 

Bamboo propagation methods

Bamboo planting materials need to be raised in a nursery before planting on the farm, bamboo propagation techniques includes seeds, wildings, tissue cultured plantlets, offsets, cuttings and air layering.

Bamboo propagation from seed - while searching bamboo planting method a question may strike your head does bamboo grow by seed! does bamboo spread by seed! I must say growing bamboo by seed is a big challenge because seeds take much more longer time to grow it may take 8-12 months and also needs good water with nutrient supply. Moreover, seeds are produced when bamboo plants flower and it takes more than 40 to 80 years so in large cultivation this method is hardly used.

Bamboo wilding technique - while performing this technique it is observed that the bamboo root system may cause some problems and the plant may suffer.

Bamboo rhizome propagation - bamboo vegetative propagation is the best propagation method for large and commercial bamboo cultivation it is successfully used in small farms also.

Bamboo offset propagation - In this method the lower portion of bamboo along with 3-5 nodes, rhizome and roots together. The culm selection system in bamboo is one of the important step.


bamboo farming plantation per acre - bamboo plantation cost per acre

Bamboo plantation per acre - While talking about bamboo plantation in one acre one can easily plant 300 to 2000 bamboo plants according to the spacing. However, bamboo plantation in Uttarakhand may be different from bamboo plantation in Telangana due to the agriculture technique difference. However, bamboo cultivation process in Uttarakhand can stop the village migration problem but this change will happen only if youngsters will come back to the farming field because youngsters are more experimental then our old generations. 

Spacing in bamboo farming

  • 5 x 5 spacing (high density) 2000 bamboo plants can be planted in 1 acre
  • 10 x 10 spacing 1000 bamboo plants per acre
  • Increase in spacing means decrease in plants quantity
  • Remember if you will plant 2000 plants then they may become 50k to 1 lakh bamboos after 5 years 

Water requirement in bamboo farming 

However, it does not require much water but when it gets proper water it grows fast so you can use drip irrigation. In case of less water region you should use rain water harvesting you must try to store rain water in any other farming also for storing rain water you can dig a waste land near by your farm and construct it in the shape of small ponds use cemented floor to store water more important you can apply for loan or might get government subsidy.

bamboo farming


Humidity require for bamboo cultivation

Humidity between 75 to 85 % is good for the cultivation.

Picture credit goes to pixabay.com

Soil required for bamboo cultivation

pH 4.5 to 6 is the preferable soil category for bamboo farming. Bamboo grass likes sandy, loamy clay soils

Best climate for bamboo cultivation

Bamboo growing climate - warm temperature and tropical climates are suitable for bamboo cultivation. As we know bamboo has more than 14k species and some of the varieties are also seen growing comfortably in hill region in cold climate so people living in Himachal and Uttarakhand can also start the bamboo cultivation commercially. According to a belief bamboos can grow 3 inches a day in tropical conditions. 

Bamboo fertilizer ratio

Fertilizer required for bamboo may differ according to the locations means bamboo fertilizer uk may differ from other places. Add 2 kg phosphorous with soil mixture then fill it in each pit up to 10 cm however, bamboos can grow with less water but providing sufficient and proper water may result in fast growing bamboo plants so you should plant bamboos before rainy season. Bamboo mostly grows in jungles in rich soil and rich environment it means the bamboo species needs good nutrients moreover, one bunch of mature bamboo trees needs 5 pounds of NPK fertilizer in a year.

Select nitrogen full soil or arrange a good amount of nitrogen for your soil because the growth of the new shoots depends on the content of nitrogen in the soil. For strong and healthy root system potassium is needed in the right quantity. One need to select such fertilizer that constantly supplies potassium and nitrogen slowly but steadily throughout the year. So A 13-3-13 is recommended as a special fertilizer for bamboos because it has a habit of releasing potassium and nitrogen slowly into the soil which will continue throughout the year.

Where to sell bamboo

Vegetable growers specially tomato growers, plywood industry, paper mill, Agarbatti industry, toothpick market, ethanol, methanol, furniture industry, artificial cup plate market, biomass factory. 

If you are looking to decorate your garden, office or house with some beautiful wooden planters then you can try artificial bamboo plants along with artificial bamboo leaves.

Where to buy bamboo plants 

  • Raj Shekhar Patil contact number - 9860209283
  • Address - Raj shkehar patil Bamboo Seller village Nipani, Maharashtra

Bamboo water requirements

Drip irrigation is recommended in bamboo cultivation it will also save water. Sprinkler irrigation may be the second option for bamboo farming. The bamboo plant takes time to get established into the soil so it is recommended to water your bamboos regularly during the first couple of months. 

bamboo leaves

Once the plant get rooted correctly into the soil then you can take intervals to water it. However, it may survive with less or very less water but the growth massively depends on the good supply of water so if you are not able to arrange drip or sprinkler irrigation then you must search for other irrigation options like you can store rainwater for that you need a wasteland nearby your farm and convert that land into a small pond and to avoid cement cost you can purchase a thick poly sheet for initial days.

Disease in bamboo

  • Thread bright
  • Leaf rust
  • Leaf spot
  • Branch die-back
  • Witches broom
  • Foliage bright
  • Bamboo blight
  • Rhizome root rot
  • Little leaf

Pests that attack the bamboo plants are

Aphids, Scales, Mealybugs, Termites, Beetles

Varieties of bamboo plants

  • Bambusa polymorpha
  • Dendrocalamus hamiltonii
  • Dendrocalamus strictus
  • Oxytenanthera stocksii
  • Melocanna bambusoides
  • Ochlandra travancorica
  • Schizostachyum dulloa
  • Throstachys oliverii
  • Bambusa balcooa
  • Bambusa bambos
  • Bambusa nutans
  • Bambusa pallida
  • Bambusa vulgaris
  • Dendrocalamus brandsii
  • Bambusa tulda
  • Dendrocalamus giganteus

Bamboo uses

  • Bamboo leaves are being used for making electricity
  • Bamboo plus grain straw is also used to make electricity
  • Bamboo tree are also used in making Indian currency
  • Vermicomposting = cow dung + bamboo leaves + earthworm + decompose process
  • Bamboo musical instruments
  • Bamboo furniture's
  • Bamboo fencing
  • Pulp and paper
  • Biomass production
  • Handicrafts
  • Construction purposes
  • Agriculture support material
  • Vegetable box

Government schemes for bamboo farming

National bamboo mission 2021

According to the central government, this mission is a dream mission to replace plastic items from bamboo made items. Let’s first understand the mission

What is national bamboo mission 2021

National bamboo mission india - During the 14th finance commission, the cabinet on economic affairs has approved the national bamboo mission under the national mission for sustainable agriculture. Through this mission, the farmer can get an advantage of 50 % subsidy in bamboo farming. How to apply for national bamboo mission subsidy is explained below please scroll down or click the above jump link to directly reach the point.

National bamboo mission subsidy 2021

Subsidy under national bamboo mission - The mission is being promoted by the government on large scale in this mission small farmers will get Rs 120 subsidy on 1 plant. Loan is available with 50 % subsidy on related materials for bamboo farming.

According to the national bamboo mission subsidy amount will be distributed in three years in three installments, Ist year 60 %, II year 30%, III year 20 %

One can start bamboo farming with 50 % amount because rest 50 % amount will be filled by the government lets understand the share ratio

Farmer 50 % + Government 50 % = Bamboo farming

In 50 % government investment - Central government share 60 % + State government share 40 %

While calculating the same in north east the ratio is different here farmer gets more benefit

Farmer 40 % + Government 60 % = Bamboo farming

Government 60 % will be divided like this: State government 10 % + Central government 90 %

National bamboo mission motive

  1. According to the government, the national bamboo mission will create a big revolution specially in village migration problem, if farmers will apply this farming on big scale then it has the potential to produce good income which will help to stop village migration.
  2. The main motive of bamboo farming is to replace plastic, according to the agricultural experts bamboos are perfect replacement of plastic and for that huge commercial bamboo cultivation is required.
  3. Bamboos are already used for making furniture's, beds, marriage destinations, ceremony halls, sustainable agriculture etc.
  4. Due to bamboo demand in various sectors, the national bamboo mission is capable of producing a large number of vacancies which will decrease the unemployment ratio.
  5.  Moreover, bamboos are well known as green gold because they are environmentally friendly therefore it will work as 2 in 1 means one job and double profit i.e with bamboo farming it will boost farmer income at the same time it will encourage the environment. According to Yojana Ayog bamboo farming will decrease unemployment.

National bamboo mission 2021 guidelines 

Bamboo has been removed from the tree category in Jan 2018 by the central government however, the law is only for personal farms it is not implemented for jungle farms.

Bamboo leaves are used for animal fodder however, they can also be used for making electricity.

By bamboo farming, one can directly contribute to the environment because bamboos are mostly used for making furniture and other necessary household items so it will reduce tree cutting which will help the environment.

The bamboos are grown in a spacing of 4 meters each so it also allows you to mix cropping

Rashtriya Bans Mission Yojana 2021 Online Registration 

  • To get the benefit of the national bamboo mission you need to register for the mission
  • You should visit the official website national bamboo mission nbm.nic.in
  • Fill the application form
  • Submit the form to the same website.

Bamboo farming in India

If you will ask is bamboo farming profitable in India then we would say yes it is a profitable farming business and please go through the bamboo farming project report given above to get the closest figures. Bamboo farming in India is becoming more popular month by month and farmers are turning towards bamboo farming. Now bamboo farming profit per acre in Maharashtra is not hidden and lots of bamboo farmers are making good profit. Ultimately bamboo farming in Maharashtra is becoming more popular. Apart from Maharashtra bamboo farming in Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Haryana, Punjab, Tamil Nadu and Nagpur etc is spreading rapidly and people are often searching that how to do bamboo farming! 

Before starting bamboo farming you should prepare a bamboo farming business plan so that you can avail all the benefits of bamboo farming. Not only commercial bamboo farming in USA but also the commercial bamboo farming Uk modal is quite impressive and UK farmers are growing bamboos in multi cropping method. Multi cropping is a form of farming in which more than one crop is cultivated in same land and if you are not aware of multilayer farming techniques and benefits then please click the link and the page will open in front of you.

Bamboo Research Centre in India 

Bamboo Research Institute India - There are 3 major bamboo research institute in India

  1. FRI Dehradun - Forest Research Institute of Dehradun is the first and the oldest research institute in India
  2. State Forest Department - SFD headquarter is established in chasa region of Arunachal Pradesh.
  3. Kerala Forest Research Institute (KFRI) - Bamboo research institute in Kerala

You should approach the farmer service center that is created to help farmers and these service centers are available at almost every district you just need to enquire about your district farmer service center.

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