Asparagus farming in India is widely done for its medicinal value. It is a herb that can be grown with less water and care.
Asparagus cultivation in India
Asparagus is a perennial plant and the height of the plant is between 105 cm. It contains a medium stem with feathery foliage. The plant belongs to the “Asparagaceae family”. Asparagus cultivation in India can be done up to 1300 meters mean sea level in tropical and subtropical regions. Asparagus cultivation in Kerala is done on a large scale, farming is done for vegetables and medicines globally. Its routes are grey in colour and satamuli, abhiru and satavar are common names for this herb.
How to start asparagus cultivation
It is one of the easy cultivation to start.
The best soil is well-drained rich organic soil. For more acidic soils liming should be done.
The best soil pH is between 6.5 to 7.5
Crowns and seeds are used for propagating the plant. One can get crown from the reputed and trustworthy local nurseries. You can get seeds from a fertilizer shop.
A couple of ploughing followed by harrowing is necessary before the asparagus plantation. During the ploughing process throw tiny stones and remove all the weeds remaining from the previous crop. 45 CM broad ridges are required for the plantation and maintain 20 cm furrow space for irrigation. Remember levelling of the soil helps to make equal size beds.
Seed sowing time
April month is suitable for sowing the seeds. Prepare the beds of 5 cm each and seed sowing is done before the monsoon. In the month of June, seed germination starts after the first shower of the monsoon. The seedling should be done on the ridges of 60 cm. You can prepare ridges of 60 cm x 60 cm.
Satawar plants don’t need much water so it is considered to plant after the rainy season in the month of late July to August.
Plant-to-plant distance should be 2 feet and row-to-row distance is also 2 feet.
Manure and fertilizer
Asparagus plants consist of medicinal content and are widely grown for their medicinal value. Hence, it is recommended to avoid chemical fertilizers. Instead of chemicals and pesticides, you can use an organic fertilizer such as garden compost, vermicompost, home waste garbage, farmyard manure (FYM) etc. To get rid of pests you can prepare organic pesticides or biopesticides from neem cake and cow urine.
Pest and disease
Purple spot, rust, fusarium crown, root and lower stem rot, phytophthora crown, speer rot, beetle, aphids, cutworm, armyworm, rose chafer, asparagus miner. You can take advice and help from horticulture disease and pest management departments.
The herb plant takes 2 years to grow and it is harvested in the 3rd year. In 3rd year harvesting is done from mid-April to 6 weeks. After 3rd year harvesting is done for 8 weeks starting from mid-April. For best quality spears you should harvest the plants every 2 to 3 days, especially in warm weather.
Asparagus yield per acre
5 to 6 tons of dry roots can be obtained from 1 acre of cultivation.
Generally, young shoots are selected to make various dishes throughout the world. Purple asparagus differs from its green and white parts due to its high sugar and low fibre levels. These plants are companion plants for tomato plants and are able to prevent some nematodes in tomato roots.
- Good for heart health
- Asparagus contains anti-ageing content.
- Helps in regulating blood sugar.
- Asparagus is good for diabetic patients.
- It is good for skin health.
- Asparagus improves the digestive system.
- Asparagus helps in lowering the risk of type 2 diabetes.
There are two types white and yellow asparagus. Local and hybrid varieties of satawar are available in the market. One can get these varieties from the horticulture department of their region.
Hindi language – Shatawar
Asparagus Telugu name- Shatmuli
Oriya language – Satabari
Assam – Satomul
Asparagus in Marathi name- Satawari
|Asparagus cost per acre
1 asparagus plant price = Rs 3
Plants per acre = 12000 plants
Plant material cost = Rs 3 x 12000 plants
Plant cost = Rs 36000
Land preparation cost = Rs 10,000
Irrigation cost = Rs 20,000
Fertilizer cost = Rs 15,000
Labour cost = Rs 10,000
Plant protection charges = Rs 5000
Barbed wire fencing cost per acre = Rs 70,000
Miscellaneous cost = Rs 6000
Total cost = Rs 1,72,000
Asparagus yield per acre
Yield per acre = 5 to 6 tons
5 tonn = 5000 kg
Asparagus price per kg = Rs 100 to Rs 200
If a 5-ton yield is produced from 1-acre farming
Profit = Rs 100 x 5000 kg (5 tonnes)
Profit = Rs 500000
Net Profit = Profit from 1 acre – cost per acre
Net Profit = Rs 50,0,000 – Rs 17,2000
Net Profit = Rs 328000
Note – This is the assumption of the “Asparagus Project Report” to help you. Prices may vary accordingly.
asparagus belongs to which family?
This herb belongs to the “Asparagaceae family”.
How many asparagus plants per acre can I plant?
12000 to 13000 plants are recommended to plant in 1 acre.
Where to sell the asparagus plant?
One can easily sell these plants in the big mandis of Madhyapradesh, Lucknow, Mumbai etc.
These are easy and easily sellable in local markets as well. Due to herbal and medicine values, demand is higher in the ayurvedic and pharma sectors. Big brands like Patanjali are big purchasers of medicinal plants.
Asparagus plant roots are sellable?
Yes, roots are the most important part of this plant and contain the highest value in the plant.
What is the asparagus price per kg in India?
1 kg price is between Rs 150 to Rs 200 in India.
Which is the easiest and fastest propagation method?
Growing asparagus from plant cuttings or crowns is considered easier and faster in comparison to the seed propagation method.
What is the price of an asparagus sapling?
The price of a single sapling is between Rs 3 to Rs 4.
What is asparagus yield per plant?
1 to 2 kg root can be developed in a single plant.
What is the asparagus profit per acre in India?
Rs 3,28,000 is the approximate profit from the cultivation of 1 acre.
What is the Asparagus yield per acre?
Asparagus yield per acre 5000 kg to 6000 kg.
What is the Asparagus yield per hectare?
14 to 16 tonnes.