Mint farming profit per acre | Pudina farming project report pdf

Mint is a perennial plant. Perennial plants are such plants that live more than 2 years. Mint falls in the category of aromatic plants or herbs; aromatic plants contain aromatic properties that are appreciated by the perfume industry hence, they have great demand over there. 

Mint is found in various varieties and most of them grow best in wet environments and soils that contain moisture properties. Mints usually grow 10–120 cm (4–48 inches) tall and this crop can spread over a wide area. Scientific name of mint is Mentha and it is well known as pudina in India. Mint enhances the beauty of Indian cuisine and is specially used in making chutneys.

Mint cultivation in India

Mint farming in India is majorly practiced in various states such as Barabanki, Lucknow, Punjab (Ludhiana, Jalandhar) and Northwest India.

Local name for mint in India 

  • Pudina Patta - Hindi
  • Puthina -  Tamil
  • Pudhinaa - Tamil
  • Pudyanu - Kashmiri
  • Putiyina - Malayalam
  • Pudhinaa - Malayalam
  • Fudino - Gujarati
  • Phodina - Gujarati
  • Hara Pudina - Punjabi 
  • Pudina - Marthi 
  • Pudina - Kannada 
  • Pudina - Telugu 

Types of mint

There are various types of mint, some of the major types of mentha are given below

  • Japanese mint or menthol mint 
  • Peppermint
  • Spearmint 
  • Bergamot

Japanese mint is widely grown in India and apart from India it is grown in the world including Thailand, Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, Angola and Japan. 

Pudina farming project report

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Mint farming cost

Planting material cost - Rs 20,000

Labour cost - Rs 30,000

Irrigation cost - Rs 30,000

Fertilizer cost - Rs 8,000

Ground preparation cost - Rs 10,000

Miscellaneous cost - Rs 5,000

Total cost = Rs 103,000


Mint farming yield per acre

150 to 250 kg mint oil from 1 acre can be produced 

Mint oil price per kg varies between Rs 1200 to 1600 and above accordingly. 

If 150 kg mint is produced from 1 acre land

Then 150 x current mint oil price 

Let’s take minimum mint oil price i.e Rs 1200 per kg

Rs 1200 x 150 kg mint oil = Rs 180,000

Now reduce mint oil cost from mint oil profit to get net profit

Net Profit = Rs 180,000 - Rs 103,000

Net Profit = Rs 77,000

 

Note - Profit and cost may differ according to the current market price. By performing better intercultural practices you may increase mint farming profit per acre and apart from that you should approach CSIR-CIMAP, an Indian government organization which is working on the Aroma mission. 


CSIR-CIMAP

This government organization is promoting geranium farming under Aroma mission on a big scale and providing free geranium plants to farmers and also helping in arranging poly shades. You can also contact them for the training of aromatic plants and mint is one of them. 

Hybrid varieties of Japanese mint

  • MAS-1 
  • Shivalik
  • EC - 41911
  • Gomti
  • Himalaya 
  • Kosi
  • Kushal 
  • Saksham
  • Hybrid - 77

These are some of the hybrid mint that is used in commercial mint farming. 

How to start growing mint

To start mint farming  you need to practice the basic steps that are given below in detail. You must have information about climate, temperature, land preparation, water requirement, irrigation time period in mint farming, harvesting, storage, proper knowledge about mentha oil storage containers or drums all these info are given below.

Climate required for mint farming 

Mint plant climate - Good thing about Japanese mint is it can be cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions, however normal mint has limited criteria and is not cultivated in tropical regions. It needs 4-6 hours of proper sunlight per day. Light Showers are good during mint plantation in India; it helps to thrive the higher yield of mint. Good sunlight is required during harvesting mint plant it can result in better mint yield. 

mint plant image


Germination temperature for mint

15° C to 25° C is the ideal temperature for mint plant

Free image credit - pixabay

Water requirements for mint

Rainfall between 100 cm to 110 cm is good for mentha cultivation in India. 

Irrigation method in mint 

Mint irrigation - Pudina is the crop that likes to grow near the water and appreciate a good amount of moisture content. Immediately providing water to your suckers after planting is a necessary step and needs to be done without wasting any time otherwise you may lose some of them. 

Mint irrigation classification

  1. Summers - 10 to 12 irrigation is required in 10 to 12 days of interval.  
  2. Rainy season - No irrigation required in fact be prepared for water congestion.
  3. Winter season - 5-6 irrigation required 

Drip irrigation is the most successful method of irrigation in any farming. In drip irrigation each drop is utilized and every plant gets equal amounts of water. Hence, it is recommended to install drip irrigation to save the water and it will also reduce the irrigation burden from your shoulders although one time good investment (Rs 50k-70k) for drip irrigation is required.

Soil requirements for mint farming

Soil required for pudina - Mint or pudina can be cultivated in various types of soil; sandy and loamy soil are the most preferable soil for growing mint in pots or in farms. It can also be grown in black and red soils but you should avoid clay soil for mint growing. 

Best soil pH for mint

Soil with a pH range of 6.5 to 8.0 is the best soil for mint farming. Mint likes fertile soil to thrive best.

Land preparation in mint farming

Couple of ploughing and cross harrowing is necessary to bring the bottom soil upwards. Weed removal is done along with cleaning the land, throw tiny stones out of the farm. Add farmyard manure 50 to 60 cartloads per hectare. Hoeing needs to be done in regular intervals of 15 days and during the hoeing process weed removing can be done easily.  

Propagation in mint farming

Mint is being propagated by vegetative methods through stolons and runners.

Vegetative propagation in mint occurs by sucker. Sucker is an underground stem developing from the base of a perpendicular shoot or crown. 

Pick 10 to 14 cm long suckers for the sowing process. 450 to 500 kg suckers are required in one hectare land and 150 to 200 kg suckers can be planted in one acre land. Spacing of 40 cm is good enough for planting suckers in rows. 

Mint planting time    

Mint planting season - From January to 15 February is the most suitable mint planting time in plains.

Mint planting time in hill regions - March - April are the ideal time for planting mentha in hill regions. 

Spacing between mint plants

  • Plant to plant distance - 20 cm
  • Row to row distance - 60 cm

How many suckers required in one acre 

50 kg suckers are enough in one acre

How deep suckers need to plant

Suckers are 10-15 cm tall they need to insert 5 cm inside the land this is done according to the row to row and plant to plant distance. 

Intercultural operations in mint cultivation

Weed control is one of the basic and crucial tasks in mint farming. Therefore the hoeing process needs to be practiced on a regular basis specially from 1st to 3rd month of the mint planting. And apart from removing weed from your hands you should use some cheap equipment to remove weed. This will increase your weed removal speed as well as put little burden to your pocket. 

However, there are many ways to reduce weed organically. Mulching is one of the most popular techniques to control the weeding problem during any cultivation. If you are going for organic mint farming in India then we recommend you start your organic weedicide making process before 35 days of planting pudina because to prepare a good organic weedicide or pesticide 40 to 45 days are required. If you are growing mint commercially or on a large scale then you might need some chemicals to reduce the growth of weed. Moreover, controlling monocot weed is another tough task in mint farming therefore you need a mix of chemical, mechanical, manual and organic methods. Herbicide for weed control in mint is required to reduce the growth of unnecessary weeds. Some of the herbicides for weed control in mint farming are given below 

  • Atrazine and Simazine 1 kg a.i. Per hectare 
  • Pendimethalin 0.75 a.i. Per hectare 
  • Oxyfluorfen 0.5 kg  a.i. Per hectare  

Manures and fertilizers in mint farming

Rotten FMY needs to apply into the farm during mint plant time. Mint fertilizer and manure classification is given below

During the land preparation once you have made rows at that time you need to add fertilizers and manure.

Classification of FYM per acre is given below

  • 50 kg Nitrogen
  • 75 kg Phosphate
  • 37 kg Potash

Now these need to be divided into 3 steps  

  • 25 kg – after planting
  • 25 kg – after 40 days
  • 25 kg – after 1st harvesting 

Mentha plant harvesting

When peppermint is planted 

1st harvesting January - February - Harvesting needs to be performed in May-June. Leaves of mentha will start turning yellow, which means they are ready to harvest. When leaves turn yellow the weight decreases and moisture level also decreases so it is necessary to dry them out and put the mentha in the distillation process to extract oil. 

2nd harvesting - After rainy season i.e Sep - october 

3rd harvesting - November - December 

Mint crop rotation

crop rotation is one of the effective ways to reduce weeds. Some of the options for crop rotation in mint farming are given below

Crop rotation mint

  • Mint : Rice
  • Mint : Vegetables 
  • Mint : Potatoes

Mint oil container guidelines 

  • 150 kg per hectare mentha oil can be produced
  • 200-250 kg per hectare mentha oil can be produced if everything is done extremely well. 
  • Mentha or mint oil need to be put in Glass, Zinc, Aluminium drums.
  • Air tight containers are required.
  • Place these drums or containers in a cold and dark place.   
  • Place mint oil drums away from sunlight. 
  • If sunlight falls on mint oil, yellow colour changes to green, which reduces its quality and gives less value.

Health benefits of mint

Some of the health benefits of pudina are given below

  • Rich in nutrients.
  • Mint is good for the stomach and improves the digestion system.
  • Pudina is good for treating respiratory disorders.
  • Mint is helpful in headaches
  • Helpful for asthma patients. 
  • Mentha is helpful in weight loss. 
  • It helps in controlling nausea.
  • Mint could improve brain function.
  • It may decrease pain during breastfeeding.
  • Mint Mein improve irritable ball syndrome

Pudina farming information FAQ

Information about mint faming is being given below. 

Where pudina grown in India?

Pudina is basically grown in the lowlands (tarai) such as Nainital, badaun Bilaspur, Rampur, Moradabad, Bareilly. Pudina is widely cultivated in Barabanki, Lucknow, Punjab (Ludhiana, Jalandhar) and Northwest India.

Where does mint grow naturally? 

It is believed that mentha first originated in the Mediterranean sea basin and then it was spread all over the world in natural and other ways. Mint naturally grows near water regions. 

Where is mint used?

Pudina is well known to work as a flavoring agent. Mentha oil is used for making mouth freshener, tooth paste, aromatic products etc. Mint is used for fragrance in coffee, beverages, medicines, cosmetics, cigarettes, pan masala etc.

Where does mint grow in the world?

Mint is found all over the world and it is cultivated widely throughout the world.  There are various varieties of mint and Japani mint is found in these countries that are given below.

  • Thailand 
  • Angola 
  • Japan 
  • Brazil  
  • Argentina 
  • Paraguay
  • India

How long does mint take to germinate?

Mint takes 8 to 15 days to germinate. 

How long pudina take to reach first harvesting?

After 40 days mint gets ready for harvesting. 

Where to sell Mentha?

Big companies like Patanjali, Dabur, Vaidyanath, cosmetic industry, pharma industry etc are big buyers of mentha or mint. Contact the farmers who have distilled oil plants at their farm. They will buy your mentha from your farm. sambhal, barabanki, rampur, chandausi, badau, bareli are those places where big mentha businessmen lives and they usually purchase mentha. 


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