Ivy gourd farming yield per acre | Ivy gourd cultivation practices

In countries like Australia, UK and USA, people are growing ivy gourd plants in their gardens due to the easy growing and adaptive nature of the plant. Ivy gourd cultivation is done by some farmers and most farmers seem to grow the plant as a multi-crop but do you know in 1 acre one can earn around Rs 97,700 after deducting the cost within 90 to 100 days?

Ivy gourd plant

Ivy gourd or Coccicnia Grandis is a tropical perennial plant belonging to the Cucurbitaceae family. Kundru is another popular name for it in “North India” and apart from kundru, it is also known as tindora, tondli, little watermelon, little gourd and gentleman’s toes in India. It is a climbing plant and needs the support of poles, sticks, fences, trees, shrubs or any vertical pillar.

Vines spread aggressively in a lesser time in comparison to other climbing plants, while growing Ivy gourd from cuttings or seeds you should prepare your farm with various bamboo sticks so that the vines can easily climb over these bamboo sticks and spread throughout your garden or farm. Tindora plant is an outdoor plant that falls under the vegetable category and is basically used in Indian kitchens. Moreover, kundru plants’ leaves, stems and roots are used in ayurvedic medicines.

Common names

Ivy gourd or Cociccinia grandis in English, Tindora or Tondli in Hindi, Dondakaya in Telugu, Kovaykka in Malayalam, Kovaikkai in Tami, Tendil in Marathi Tendil in Konkani, Kundru in Oriya and Telakucha in Bengali.

Project Report

Cost per acre

Planting material cost = Rs 1600.
Fertilizer cost = Rs 2000.
Land preparation cost = Rs 5000.
Labour cost = Rs 5000.
Pesticide cost = Rs 1200.
Plant protection charges = Rs 2500.
Marketing cost = Rs 2000.
Irrigation cost = Rs 3000.
Total cost = Rs 22,300.

Ivy gourd profit per acre

The average Ivy gourd price per kg is between Rs 10 to Rs 50. 
Ivy gourd yield per acre = 12 to 15 tons. 
Let’s take 12 tons and a minimum selling price of Rs 10/kg.
1 ton in kg is 1000 kg. 
12 tons = 12000 kg.
Let’s quickly calculate the profit.
Profit = Rs 10 x 12,000 kg ivy gourd = 120,000.
Net Profit = Cost – Profit. 
Net Profit = Rs 22,300 – Rs 120,000.
Net Profit = Rs 97,700.

Note – So, this is the assumption of the project report and profit may differ according to the locality, market, availability and price per kg.

Growing zones

Ivy gourd cultivation in India is basically done in Telangana, Kannada, Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand and tindora farming in Maharashtra is done on a large scale.


Ivy gourd cultivation is mainly done in tropical countries like some parts of Africa, South Asia and Malaysia. The plant prefers well-drained rich sandy loamy soil with a PH range ranging from 6.0 to 6.5. This plant thrives best in humid and warm climate conditions hence, the temperature required should be between 20 degrees Celsius to 32 degrees Celsius. Kundru is a fast-growing plant and harvesting takes place after 3 to 4 months from the seed sowing period. 

ivy gourd plant
Free image source – pixabay.com

Ivy gourd cultivation practices

One can easily grow ivy gourd plants in the garden or farm by following the below-given information.

Ivy gourd varieties

Normal – Stripped tindora and non-stripped tindora.

High-yielding – Sulabha, Indira kundru 35 and Indira kundru 5.


Ivy gourd propagation is done in two forms seeds or cuttings.

Plant cutting – In comparison to Ivy gourd seeds, cuttings are preferred due to the fast-growing process. While propagating Ivy gourd stem cutting you should select a 20 cm long cutting and 2 cm thick and healthy stems from the diseaseless mother plant. Choose a stem with 3 to 4 leaves

Moreover, the ivy gourd plant can be used in a multilayer farming modal; multilayer consists of 2 to 3 crop cultivation in one place. To read more about the multilayer farming model please use our search box.

Climate required

Ivy gourd trees grow well in humid and warm climate conditions. Due to the appropriate climate conditions, farmers are gaining good profit from Ivy gourd cultivation in Kannada, Maharashtra and Karnataka. Therefore its production in these states is higher than in other states.


The ideal temperature is 20 °C to 30 °C. If you are planning to grow ivy gourd at home in containers or pots then there is not much difference in temperatures. Temperature between 22 degrees Celsius to 30 degrees Celsius is ideal for growing Ivy gourd in containers or pots as well. 

Pant growing season

Planting can be done throughout the year but it thrives best in summers and rainy seasons, it produces a lot more fruits in these seasons.

Soil required

Rich loamy soil with a good drainage system is recommended soil. Please avoid heavy clay soil, and acidic and alkaline soil. 

Soil PH level should be between 6.0 to 6.05 and it is recommended to go for a soil test for better ivy gourd yield per acre. You can check the below-given medicinal garden kit to improve your garden soil and gardening skills.

Medicinal Garden Kit – Grow ivy gourd easily in your backyard.

Water requirement

However, the tindora plant does not demand too much water but immediate irrigation after planting is required. In summer light irrigation is required after intervals of 1 week, irrigation is not required in the rainy season. Drip irrigation is beneficial to control adequate moisture during the flowering stage, do not allow standing water on your farm.

Land preparation

A couple of ploughing is good before planting cuttings or sowing the seeds. Turn the soil upside down during the ploughing process to get rid of small insects and bacteria. It allows nutrient soil to be mixed all over and the soil gets much-needed sunlight as well. Removing is done during the ploughing process and you should apply well-rotted manure along with micronutrients in order to get increased yield.

Planting season

Planting should be done before the rainy season which means June to July month or from Feb to March in the spring season. As the plant falls under the category of perennial plants therefore you need to replant it after 3.5 to 4 years.


Add 25 tons of farmyard manure during the land preparation. Manure and fertilizer should be applied during the flowering as well as the fruiting stage every year. Apply Nitrogen, Phosphorus and potassium (NPK) in the ratio of 60-80:40-60: 40 kg/ha.


The ivy gourd tree needs 2 to 3 months (60 to 90 days) to bear fruits from the planting time. After the fruiting stage pruning is considered and the plant is pruned leaving the tindora plant vines up to 70 cm. After pruning the plant you should apply 5 kg FMY.


Mites, thrips, white flies and aphids. Use of neem oil spray and other appropriate chemicals can be done for pest control. Whereas the “Sulabha” variety is the pest and disease-resistant variety.

Ivy gourd harvest time

Whether it is an Ivy gourd plant UK or in Chennai, it takes about 90 to 100 days from the planting period to deliver the first fruit. London farmers use the sickle to harvest tindora vegetables however handpicking is also used for harvesting the same but picking the vegetable by hand may result in fruit loss and delay the harvesting process during commercial farming. To prevent the plant vines you should use a small cutter to harvest the tindora vegetables.

Ivy gourd yield per acre

The Tindora plant achieves the harvesting stage within 2 to 3 months. With good farm management practices the average ivy gourd farming yield per acre is around 4 to 6 tonnes and an average of 12 to 15 tonnes of ivy gourd yield per hectare can be obtained.

Health benefits

Some of the health benefits are given below.

Ivy gourd is good for diabetic patients.

It is a good source of vitamin C.

It contains detoxification and anti-bacterial properties.

It is good for asthma patients.

It is used in jaundice treatment.

This plant is used in ayurvedic medicines.

It possesses laxative properties. 

It contains anti-ageing properties.

How to sell plants online UK, Australia?

If you have a  good number of plants or if you want to start a plant-selling business online then you can start a website through this link (Create your own website) it will boost your online plant-selling business. If you are a resident of the UK, USA or Australia you can just create a page by adding a title or heading like Ivory gourd plant for sale in USA, Sydney or where you live. 

If you don’t want to create a website then you can sell plants online without paying money. Registering your shop, firm or company name on google my business is a free marketing strategy for local businesses. By the way, we are also registered on google my business as a seed store. This is a useful free method for selling plants online.


Can I grow Ivy gourd from seeds?

Yes, definitely, however, it may take a bit longer time in comparison to cuttings.

Where to buy Ivy gourd plants?

You can purchase these plants from your local agriculture market or you can get seeds from any agriculture fertilizer shop.

How long does an Ivy gourd plant take to produce fruits?

The plant needs 2 to 3 months or 60 to 90 days from the planting time to bear fruit. Fruit-bearing time depends on soil type and fertilizer as well, the healthier fertile they will get the faster growth rate they will achieve.

How much can I earn from ivy gourd cultivation in India?

It is a profitable cultivation type due to less investment and time. Farmers are earning approximately Rs 90,000 to 1 lakh.

How much is the ivy gourd farming yield per acre?

With good farm management practices farmers can produce 4 to 6 tons of ivy gourd yield per acre.

How to propagate ivy gourd at home?

You can plant it by two methods 1. Plant cuttings and 2. Seeds. Ivy gourd is a climbing plant that has aggressive spreading vines so arrange some bamboo sticks for growing ivy gourd from seeds.

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