Farming in New Zealand facts | Types of farming in New Zealand

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In New Zealand, agriculture plays the largest role in trading economy. In New Zealand the agriculture forestry and fisheries sector contributed a large portion in their national GDP last year. Both sectors contributed$12.653 billion that is 5.1 % of the national GDP of the New Zealand country.

New Zealand is a member of the Cairns Group which is known for free trade in agriculture goods. New Zealand is well known for pastoral farming, sheep farming and cattle farming are preferred in pastoral farming however horticulture is also popular and common farming in the New Zealand. New Zealand farming industry is very much capable of producing jobs in agriculture sector this country has good reputation when it comes to export farming goods or other agriculture crops

Agriculture farming in New Zealand 

New Zealand has a wide bag of agriculture in which they have various types of farming. Let’s check out the agriculture bag of New Zealand and find out the types of farming in nz

Pastoral Farming in New Zealand

While talking about pastoral farming in New Zealand we can clearly see the farming is beautifully divided in few major sections like beaf farming, cattle farming, sheep farming, dairy farming etc. In Northland region of New Zealand beaf cattle farming is preferred in pastoral farming. Whereas, dairy cattle farming is mostly done in Waikato, West Cost, Taranki, Bay of Plenti regions. Beaf cattle farming is also popular in hill regions of New Zealand whereas sheep farming is popular in rural New Zealand. Cantebury, Otago and Southland are well known for dairy farming.

Dairy Farming in New Zealand

Dairy farming is one of the most popular farming in New Zealand it has tremendous job creation ability. Dairy cattle farm industry is the tenth largest employment industry of the New Zealand. Somewhere 56-58 % dairy farms in New Zealand are owner operated, 14 % of dairy farms were operated by contract milkers (milk contract farming) and 29 % are operated by sharemilkers. Dairy farming in New Zealand is pasture based. 1st June to 31st May is known for dairy farming year activities. This period is quite important for dairy farmers some contract farmers shifts their contract in this period. 1st day is known as “Moving Day” or “Gypsy Day”, in this particular day a large scale migration takes place in which contract milkers and sharemilers take up new contracts and move their herds and equipment between farms

In New Zealand dariy farms usually sell their milk to processors and paid per kilogram of milk solids (kgMS). New Zealand holds top position in exporting milk powder and butter and the country is 3rd largest exporter of skim milk powder and cheese. New Zealand consumes only 3 % dairy products and rest are exporter therefore New Zealand is such a big exporter of milk products.

Poultry farming in New Zealand

Poultry industry in New Zealand – During 1990 s the popularity of chicken increases and in late 9190s chicken overtook beef in terms of consuming and became most consumed meat in New Zealand. New Zealand is not a big exporter of poultry meat and eggs due to the biosecurity restrictions. Therefore, New Zealand is a domestic consumer of most chicken and eggs. While talking about chicken accounts 98 %  of the New Zealand poultry production is with turkeys and ducks.

Pig Farming in New Zealand 

Earlier pigs were brought up along with dairy cattle. But the problem was that most processors were interested in collecting cream only therefore dairy farmers decided to separate all the milk into the cream milk and skim milk. Thus pig farming was separated in New Zealand. Generally, pigs are kept indoors in gestation crates, fatterning perns, farrowing crates or group housing.      

Sheep farming in New Zealand

New Zealand sheep farming facts - In New Zealand sheep are raised for meat and wool purpose. Sheep farming business plays an important role in New Zealand’s economic development. New Zealand climate is ideal for sheep farming business.

Beef farming in New Zealand 

In last year December month 1.59 million adult beef cattle and 1.15 million dairy cattle were processed. Beef farming is one of the major pastoral farming in New Zealand.

Other pastoral farming

Deer farming growth was unexpectedly grown during the year 2066. Moreover, New Zealand is the largest exporter of venison in the world or we can say farmed venison. Apart from deer farming goat farming is also done for meat, milk and mohair.

New Zealand farming practices

Most of the vegetable crops grown in New Zealand are used as domestic consumption. New Zealand has a clear and smooth agriculture export policy specially while fruit exports. New Zealand is far ahead in fruit export and kiwi fruit exporters in New Zealand have done a tremendous job in exporting kiwi fruit. We must appreciate the fruit export business plan of kiwi fruit exporters, New Zealand. Apart from kiwi fruit apple fruit, New Zealand holds a good position in the world.

Animal farming is mostly done in New Zealand which includes, sheep, beef, deer, dairy cattle

Why biosecurity important to New Zealand

Biosecurity in New Zealand - New Zealand agriculture plays a vital role in the economy of New Zealand.  Due to geographical isolation New Zealand is safe from various pests and diseases that are problem in other Countries agriculture production. Therefore New Zealand follows the strict biosecurity rule to prevent any pest or disease from outside.

New Zealand farming facts

Fast facts about New Zealand - Some fast facts about New Zealand farming can help you to understand the farming modal of New Zealand. Sheep farming, dairy farm, horticulture and mixed livestock farming are pillars of New Zealand agriculture.

In June 2019 there were 26.82 million sheep. In New Zealand sheep and beef farming holds 44 % of farm while calculating the figure in words this comes up 93 lakh 28,000  hactares.

24 lakh 15 thousand hactares space is covered by dairy farm i.e 21 %

15 % is used in horticulture farming

284000 hactares space is used in crop farming i.e 5 %

6 % is area is used for mixed livestock farming

Arable farming in New Zealand

Wheat, barley, oats and maize are produced by Arable sector and are mostly used in domestic consumption. Canterbury grows 80 to 90 % of wheat, 60 % oats, 68 % barley. New Zealand is capable of producing 1 million tonnes of grain. Thus Canterbury is responsible for producing the majority of wheat, oats, barely, Canterbury is located in South Island.

Horticulture in New Zealand 

New Zealand has 3 lakh 9 thousand acres of horticulture land. Horticulture is known for fruit, vegetable plant nurseries and landscaping. The New Zealand horticulture industry  has such fruit and vegetable growers who are capable of growing fruits and vegetables for domestic consumption as well as export. New Zealand has fertile soil that contains rich properties to grow healthy fruits and vegetables.

Fruit farming in New Zealand

Stone fruits like peaches, nectarines, plums, apricots and cherries are grown in Hawke’s Bay and Otago regions of New Zealand. Hawke’s Bays and Tasman district are well know for growing apple and pears.

Marlborough, Central Otago, Martinborough, Gisborne, Hawke’s Bay are well known for grapes production these grapes are also used to make wine around the country. Kiwi fruit is the most popular fruit in the New Zealand and it is grown widely in the New Zealand it is mostly grown in the Bay of Plenty apart from kiwi, apple and avocado are also grown in New Zealand but kiwi holds first position in export when it is exported by the New Zealand fruit export companies. 

New Zealand farming FAQ

Some frequently asked questions are given below 

New Zealand agricultural subsidies

In 1980 Subsidies, tax concessions and price support for the agriculture sector were removed in New Zealand. However, state investment in infrastructure is provided by the New Zealand government which supports agriculture.

What is New Zealand's main source of income?

Agriculture, Forestry, Mining and Fishing are such industries that are reliable source of New Zealand.

Does New Zealand have fertile soil?

5 % soil is fertile in New Zealand apart from that New Zealand has a rich soil.

Name the most common fish in New Zealand?

Blue Cod, Snapper, Kingfish, Kahawi and Paua are commonly found in New Zealand

How to get a farming job in New Zealand

farming in New Zealand jobs - Some farming job websites are given below 


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