Agarwood inoculation process explained

The agarwood price per kg in 2023 is Rs 8,25,000 and the main price depends on resin quality and quantity. Resin is developed through the inoculation process which is explained simply in this post. The inoculation process is very important for successful farming.

Resin Introduction

The agar tree is mainly known for its fragrance and is heavily used in the perfume industry. Resin is a dense tacky substance of agar plants. It looks blackish in colour and it is embedded in the heart of the agar tree. Generally, one agar tree needs 8 to 10 years to produce a good amount of resin. However, a 2 to 5-year-old tree can also produce resin but that is not worth it and it will not give a value equal to an 8 to 10-year-old agar tree.

So do not perform the inoculation process on the immature plants; let the tree get mature to produce good quality resin.

Resin Formation Process in Agarwood Tree

Resin is a blackish-dense viscous substance present in the heartwood of agar trees. Whenever a tree gets infected it releases a black dense substance to recover the damage and this substance is called resin. Let’s understand the resin formation process with an example: Whenever the human body is damaged by any cut or wound it releases white blood cells to stop the flow of blood.

Similarly, plants also release their saliva to overcome the injury and in agar trees, this saliva released by the tree to heal the injury is known as resin. Resin is a very important and valuable product of agar trees. It is highly used in producing perfumes and wood is used in making incense after the oil extraction process.

Agarwood inoculation process explained

The agarwood inoculation process is performed to achieve resin from the tree. Forest trees are used to produce resin after a long time due to no inoculation process performed with them. The tree under the inoculation process produces “Resin” in a shorter time in comparison to other agar trees.

agarwood tree

Resin is a precious black dense liquid substance derived from the agar tree. Through inoculation, process resin is obtained from the tree.  

Inoculation process 

  • The agar tree inoculation process needs at least 8 to 9 years to produce good value.
  • In this process, the agar tree is intentionally wound or cut from different parts. 
  • Then the medicine is transmitted to the wound area to get a fungal infection. 
  • After getting a fungal infection tree releases saliva in the form of resin to heal the wound and this resin is collected. 
  • It is very precious and has great national and international demand. 
  • Via wounds of the tree, the inducer is transmitted to the other wound area of the tree. 
  • Resinous wood is formed after a few months.
  • 4 to 9 months are required to form resinous wood.
  • Agarwood’s soft scent is taken after the baking process of the wood. 
  • agarwood is also known as aloeswood, gharuwood and eaglewood. It is well known for its fragrant quality, it is a resinous wood used for making incense, engravings and perfumes.


What is resin?

Resin is the most valuable product produced by agarwood trees. It is a dense black substance that is released by the tree to heal the damage, this resin is released after getting cut or wound.

How long agar tree gets ready for harvesting?

After 8 to 10 years agar tree harvesting is considered.

What is the agarwood price per kg in the USA?

$10,000 is the price of an agarwood tree in the USA.

What is the temperature required for agarwood trees?

20°C to 30°C is the ideal temperature.

What is the water requirement for agarwood trees?

This tree needs a good amount of water and 2000 mm to 4000 mm per year of rainfall is required.

What type of soil is required for agarwood tree?

Usually, the Agar tree grows well in hilly areas above 750 meters of sea level. The tree grows better in red, yellow podzolic, clay sandy soil, and loamy soil.

Is agarwood farming profitable?

Yes, agarwood tree farming is profitable and farmers can earn nearly Rs 9 crores after 8 to 10 years by planting 700 trees. Remember, for this much earning inoculation process should be successful. 

Thank you for giving your valuable time. Hope you got the answer. Feel free to ask any relevant query. You can also share this informative blog post with your family and friends.

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