Sandalwood is an evergreen tree and can be grown in any season but according to the agricultural experts avoid sandalwood plantation in winters especially in deep freezing winters. Sandalwood trees can easily grow throughout India between 5° C to 47° C but first you need to check the sandalwood growing permission in your state.
Red sandalwood tree is endemic to India and found in the eastern ghat to the mountain range of south India. Traditionally red sandalwood is not considered an aromatic plant. Moreover, santalum sandalwood is a different sandalwood plant and you should not get confused between red sandalwood and santalum sandalwood tree. Santalum is an aromatic sandalwood tree that grows natively in south India.
- 1 Varieties of red sandalwood
- 2 Red sandalwood plantation project report PDF
- 3 Red sandalwood tree information
- 4 Red Sandalwood health benefits
- 5 Other name of red sandalwood
- 6 Red sandalwood plantation in India
- 6.1 Red Sandalwood plantation spacing
- 6.2 Red sandalwood soil requirement
- 6.3 Average rainfall for sandalwood
- 6.4 irrigation sandalwood
- 6.5 Sandalwood grain
- 6.6 Sandalwood land preparation
- 6.7 Best time to plant sandalwood
- 6.8 Sandalwood plantation per acre
- 6.9 Sandalwood plantation per hectare
- 6.10 Sandalwood tree farming in India
- 7 Red sandalwood frequently asked questions (FAQ)
Varieties of red sandalwood
Wavy grain and straight are two varieties of red sandalwood. Wavy grain sandalwood has more national and international demand. Wavy grain sandalwood is mainly used for commercial sandalwood plantation.
Red Sandalwood is an endangered species and found only in 4 states of Andhra Pradesh. Red Sandalwood tree is a slow growing sandalwood tree species. This limber is deep red in color and doesn't lose its shape and uniform even in tough climate conditions. Red Sandalwood farming in Andhra Pradesh is more successful than any other state in India because Andhra Pradesh contains an appropriate climate for commercial sandalwood cultivation and there are extensive forest areas of red sandalwood.
Scientific name of red sandalwood
Red sandalwood plantation project report PDF
Red sandalwood cost per acre
In 1 acre 400 sandalwood plants can be planted
1 sandalwood plant price is between Rs 30 to Rs 100 and more accordingly
Let's take Rs 100 for 1 sandalwood plant then
For 400 sandalwood plants
Rs 100 x 400 plants = Rs 40,000
Sandalwood plant cost = Rs 40,000 (539.70 United States Dollar)
Now 400 host plants are required along with sandalwood plants
If one host plant cost Rs 20
Therefore 400 host plants x Rs 20 = Rs 8000
Red sandalwood plant cost = Rs 40,000 + Rs 8000
Red sandalwood plant cost = Rs 48,000 (647.65 USD)
Other cost in red sandalwood agriculture in India
Cost for 1st year
Sandalwood drip irrigation cost - Rs 65,000
Sandalwood fertilizer cost - Rs 20,000
Land preparation cost - Rs 15,000
Labor cost - Rs 15000
Plant protection charges - Rs 6000
Miscellaneous cost - Rs 5000
Other cost total = Rs 126000
Now to get red sandalwood plantation cost per acre add
Red sandalwood plantation cost + Other cost total
Total cost = Rs 48,000 + Rs 126,000
Total cost for 1st year = Rs 174,000
Now lets quickly calculate sandalwood cost for 10 years
Irrigation charges per year from 2nd year will be Rs 20,000 (1st year drip installation charge)
Add 25,000 harvesting charge in 10th year
1st year total cost is Rs 174,000
Remove drip irrigation charges i.e Rs 50,000
Rs 174000 - Rs 50000 = Rs 124000
Now multiply Rs 124000 with 9 years
Rs 124000 x 9 years = Rs 1116000
Now add harvesting charge for 10th year i.e Rs 25,000
Rs 1116000 + Rs 25,000 = Rs 1141000
9 year sandalwood cost = Rs 11,41000
Now add 1st year cost with all 9 year cost
Rs 174,000 + 1141000 = Rs 1315,000
Total sandalwood cost for 10 years = Rs 13,15,000 (17,742.57 USD)
Red sandalwood farming profit per acre
Now lets calculate red sandalwood plantation profit
1 red sandalwood tree can produce 10 kg - 15 kg heartwood
400 trees x 10 kg heartwood = 4000 kg heartwood
1 kg heartwood price = Rs 15000 to Rs 20,000
Let's take the minimum value Rs 10,000 per kg
4000 kg heartwood x Rs 10,0000 = 40000000
Total profit = Rs 4 crore
Net profit = red sandalwood profit - red sandalwood cost
Net profit = Rs 40000000 - Rs 13,15,000
Net Profit = Rs 3,86,50,000 (5,20,709.42 USD)
Note - So, this is the assumption of the red sandalwood tree plantation project report. However, figures may vary according to the place, market, time etc. Hope this red sandalwood project report will be helpful for you and now you have some idea to calculate the sandalwood farming income.
Red sandalwood tree information
- Red Sandalwood tree height - it is a small tree growing to 8 meters (26 ft) tall with a trunk 50-150 cm diameter.
- It is a fast growing plant in its young period and can easily reach the height of 5 meter (16 ft) tall in three years.
- Red sandalwood tree leaves - Red sandalwood leaves are 3 to 9 cm long, they are trifoliate with three leaflets.
- Red sandalwood flower - flowers are produced in short racemes (unbranched).
- Red Sandalwood fruit - Sandalwood fruit contains one or two seeds. Red sandalwood fruit is legume shaped and 6 - 9 cm long.
Red Sandalwood tree uses
Red Sandalwood tree has a greyish dark bark. The tree has huge demand in the domestic and international market and is mostly demanded in East Asian countries.
Red Sandalwood timber is mainly used for engraving, furniture, poles, musical instruments etc. It has high value in Japan and is used in making musical instruments.
Red Sandalwood tree produces a red pigment that is used in making dye, colour in food medicine and Cosmetics.
Red Sandalwood heartwood is used as medicine, usually heartwood is present in the centre of the trunk of red sandalwood tree.
Red Sandalwood health benefits
There are various red sandalwood tree benefits but at the same time this tree has major health benefits as well that are given below
- Helpful and digestive problem
- Blood purification
- Fluid retention and cough.
- Red sandalwood tree Is very popular and costly timber and this tree is famous for its aroma.
Other name of red sandalwood
- Red sanders
- Red sanderswood
- Rakta Chandana
- Lal chandana
- Ragat chandana
- Rukhto chandana
- Sandalwood temperature
- It is not frost tolerant and can easily collapse in -1° C temperature.
Red sandalwood demand in world
Red Sandalwood is highly demanded in these countries
- Gulf countries
Red sandalwood plantation in India
For red sandalwood plantation you need to follow the below given steps which are the basic requirements for sandalwood plantation in Hyderabad, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu or India.
Red Sandalwood plantation spacing
4m x 4m distance
600 plants per hectare is recommended for red sandalwood growth rate in the correct manner.
Red sandalwood soil requirement
Well drained red soil with gravel loam soil is the best soil for sandalwood plantation.
Red sandalwood pH level
Red sandalwood ph level required 4.5 to 6.5
White sandalwood ph level required above 7
Average rainfall for sandalwood
Annual rainfall sandalwood - 800 mm to 1000 mm is required for the vital growth of sandalwood. Sandalwood tree growth is also dependent on sufficient water in initial days however, sandalwood trees do not require much water.
In red sandalwood cultivation irrigation is required immediately after red sandalwood planting. After that irrigation is done in the gap of 1 day till 15 days and once seed gets established irrigation can be done at the interval of 12-15 days. Source of water may result in heart wood rot so you need to be careful while performing irrigation at your sandalwood farm. Sandalwood trees require two to three litres of water weekly. More important controlled irrigation is necessary in sandalwood farming in Australia, Maharashtra, Canada or anywhere.
Red Sandalwood which has wavy grain margins sells at higher prices in comparison to standard sandal wood. Timber pieces with wavy grain margin are classified as important lumber and are graded as “A” grade. Red Sandalwood with wavy grain margin generally grows in the shale subsoils at the altitude of 750 meters (2460 ft), semi arid climate conditions were responsible for wavy grain margins in sandalwood.
Sandalwood land preparation
Plowing and harrowing more than two times is necessary to bring the soil to a fine tilth. Dig the pits at the size of 45 cm x 45 cm x 45 cm at the spacing of 4 m x 4 m x 4m. Fill the pits with topsoil mixed with 10 to 15 kg (FYM) farm yard manure and 10 gram linden dust.
Best time to plant sandalwood
Red sandalwood plantation time - best time for planting red sandalwood plant is last week of may to june month i.e beginning of the rainy season. Choose 1.5 years old Sandalwood seedling or 2 years old sandal plant for better sandalwood growth.
Sandalwood plantation per acre
400 sandalwood plants per acre can be planted with a distance of 10 feet.
Sandalwood plantation per hectare
For red sandalwood cultivation in 1 hectare 600 plants are advised with the spacing of 4 meter x 4 meter. Apart from planting sandalwood plants in the farm you can also do the red sandalwood plantation in boundaries and corners of the farms.
Sandalwood tree farming in India
Sandalwood farming in India - White Sandalwood cultivation is done in Haryana Uttar Pradesh and Punjab Reason because the pH level white Sandalwood cultivation should be above 7 and all these regions contain 7.5 pH level.
Sandalwood tree cultivation in India - Red sandalwood is only found in 4 states of Andhra Pradesh and it is mostly cultivated in south India.
Red sandalwood frequently asked questions (FAQ)
Which Sandalwood is more expensive, red or white?
Due to their medicinal and cosmetic value white sandalwood is more expensive than red sandalwood.
Why red sandalwood is popular?
Red sandalwood has great demand in the international market especially in Japan and Singapore because they are used in making musical instruments in these countries. Moreover, antiquity, engraved and traditional designs are some more factors behind the popularity of red sandalwood timber.
Where is sandalwood grown in India?
Sandalwood grown in India – Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Telangana, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Bihar and Rajasthan.
Where to sell red sandalwood tree?
Before selling red sandalwood trees you need to take permission from your forest department and state government, including the horticulture department. It is strictly advised that you don't sell your sandalwood trees directly to any private organization, instead you have to inform the forest and horticulture department of your concerned state. It is necessary to inform the horticulture department, forest department during the harvesting of sandalwood trees and they will send their officer who will inquire about your sandalwood farm and after confirming they will give you permission.
Sandalwood farming profit per acre (complete guide)