Cardamom farming profit per acre | how to grow cardamom at home

Cardamom plantation project report

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Elaichi is known as cardamom in English language. Cardamom is the most expensive spices and it is involve in almost  every kitchen. Today I will help you to understand how cardamom farming is done and cardamom farming project report followed by cardamom health benefits, lets dive in deeper.

elaichi production in india –  India is second largest producer of the cardamom in the world. India is the largest and leading producer of cardamom oil. The oil called oleoresins is exported by India to European countries.  Cardamom is popular and well known as queen of the spices. This species belongs to zingiberaceae family. Cardamom is also known as cardamun or cardamom. it needs more water and partial sunlight with humid atmosphere. Cardamom height is above 5 feet with long leaves. Cardamom is a flavoring agent that is used in beverages, liquors and medicines. Seeds are used in making oil and pods are used in perfumes

What is cardamom

Cardamom is a type of spices that is used in cooking food items. Due to health benefits it is also recommended by doctors to eat 3 to 5 cardamom on daily basis for better respiratory system.

Cost of cardamom per kg

It is very expensive and one kg cardamom price is around Rs 1063

Cardamom cultivation income and profits  

Cardamom profit per acre in India | cardamom crop yield per acre project report 

Hello friends, while growing cardamom for profits you need to think about investment and returns for that here is a complete guide about cardamom cultivation income, yield and project report

Investment required in cardamom farming 

Investment in cardamom crop cultivation

In 1 acre land planting material cost will be around Rs 5000

Land preparation  = Rs 25,000

Irrigation cost  = Rs 5,000

Manure and Fertilizer cost = Rs 20,000

Labor charges = Rs 15,000 to Rs 50,000 (according to the labor strength)

Miscellaneous cost = Rs 5,000

Total investment = Rs 25,000 + Rs 5,000 + Rs 20,000 + Rs 15,000 + Rs 5,000 = Rs 70,000

So this is the cost involved in cardamom cultivation per 1 acre

Cardamom cultivation income returns from 1 acre plantation

Now lets calculate the profit from cardamom farming in 1 acre land

Average price of 1 kg cardamom is Rs 1063

Lets calculate cardamom for 4 years yielding

1st year production – Nil

2nd year production – 50 kg -à  50 kg X Rs 1063 = Rs 53,150

3rd year production – 150 kg per acre à 150 kg X Rs 1063 = Rs 159,450

4th year production – 220 kg per acre  à 220 kg X Rs 1063 = Rs 233,860

Net profit of cardamom

Income achieved = Rs 446,460

Investment = Rs 70,000

Profit = Income – investment  à Rs 446,460 – Rs 70,000 = Rs 376,460

This is profit for cardamom cultivation for 4 years just divide the above figure by 4 to generate per year profit income i.e Rs 376,460 divided by 4 = Rs 94,115

Note – It is a nearly profit and profit may differ according to region and market price and profit may increase or decrease yearly according to the situation. Moreover, I have calculated the above figure with an average price of cardamom that is Rs 1000 but in few places price is more than Rs 2000 as well.  So this is the overview of the cardamom yield profit per acre.

How to start cardamom cultivation 

Follow the steps to start  cardamom farming

Types of cardamom

The main types of cardamom yield are

  • True or green cardamom it is exported from India to Malaysia. This cardamom is also known as white cardamom because after bleaching it turns bit whitish.
  • This is larger cardamom and called black cardamom it is often used in cooking items in 5 star hotels as well as in ordinary homes. This black cardamom is also known as large, longer, greater, brown or Nepal cardamom it belongs to amomum subulatum species. The black cardamom is mostly cultivated in Sikkim, some parts of Darjeeling district in West Bengal, India along with eastern Nepal and southern Bhutan.
  • Commercial verities – The high yielding varities are ICRI-1, ICRI-2, PV-1, and PV-2, njallani cardamom yield some more are Malabar, Mysore, Vazhukka

How to grow cardamom, elacichi 

Land preparation for cardamom cultivation

First remove unwanted plants and weed using weed remover tool like grub hook, scud then ploughing should be done thoroughly and land leveling is required to be done properly and don’t forget to prepare some terrace across the slope. Now make some pits with the dimensions of 60 x 60 x 35 cm to 90 x 90 x 45 cm. These pits need to be filled by rich soil and organic manure in the ratio of 1 : 3 i.e soil is one third and the remaining is organic manure.

How many cardamom plants can be planted per acre

With the spacing of 7 x 7 around 1,000 cardamom plants can be planted in one acre land.

Is cardamom farming profitable

Yes, cardamom farming is profitable one can earn around 90 thousand from 1 acre cardamom after reducing all the expenses.

Fertilizer required in cardamom farming

Cardamom crop demands good amount of fertilizer so provide this crop good fertilizer once in a month and if you have planted it in your pot then fertilize it after 15 days. You can use organic fertilizer such as cow dung and vermicomposting  is also good for cardamom crop cultivation. While talking about NPK the ratio should be 3 : 2 : 4 per bed now strictly divide it in three equal doses of an interval of 45 days each.  

However, I have given this equation but I still ask you to prefer organic manure especially when the crop takes more than a year to grow, because organic performs slowly but steadily. You can add organic manure in the form of bone meal, neem cake, vermicompost at the ratio of 0.6+0.4+0.7 tons per acre.

Care of cardamom crop

Provide an atmosphere that is full of sunlight, humidity and moisture in the mud including black and smooth mud for better results. You should provide good amount of water on regular basis. For better and healthy results use organic fertilizer and vermcomposting technique.

Harvesting of Cardamom (elachi)

The harvesting of elachi is bit hard working therefore it takes almost a month to complete one harvesting cycle. The ripe capsule type fruit is dried in a sunlight area it is also dried with the help of a drier. Later the dried elachi is rubbed with hands, mat or wire mesh it is rubbed to remove dust particles from outer shell. Then they are stored in dark black polythene this is done to maintain there green color for long time.  

FAQ - How to grow cardamom 

How long cardamom takes to grow

It grows in first year and starts yielding after 2-3 years.  For commercial purpose it starts giving cardamom after 3 years.

Soil required in cardamom farming

It needs rich soil consist of loamy soil, black rich soil, soil rich in clay loams and smooth soil. Don’t use sandy soil because sandy soil is not good for cardamom growth however laterite soil is suitable and the soil that contains high humidity are great for cardamom growth.

Temperature for growing cardamom

Temperature required to grow cardamom is 10° to 35° C is preferable for growing elachi

Best season to grow cardamom

Because elaichi crop needs much water you can grow cardamom in the month of july

Water supply for cardamom plants

The crop need more water on regular basis. However, cardamom plant demands more water during summer and  flowering .  While talking about annual rainfall it need ranges from 1500 to 4000 mm. It need water throughout the year except in rainy season. Due to sufficient water supply throughout the year it is recommended to arrange a strong irrigation system, before starting cultivation of cardamom plant crop. Moreover, for efficient irrigation you can choose sprinkler and drip irrigation technology that includes proper drainage system and it also saves plenty of water.

How to grow cardamom at home

You can plant elaichi plant in a small pot or container as well but if you have some space available at your garden that will be more beneficial for the cardamom plant. Choose a place that is near to any type of water or a land that contains moisture every time it may be near your hand pump region or near some other water source. Cardamom requires a lot of water and sunlight so never put your plant inside your house. It is very easy to plant it in your garden you just need to dig the land by 3 inches and sow your plant over there you can also use a digging tool to dig the land.

How to grow cardamom from seed at home 

Paper towel method to grow cardamom - First you can collect some seeds by compressing existing cardamom at your home or you can buy some seeds from the market. Then put these seeds in a small  bowl and add an inch of turmeric to 30-40 seeds then fill the bowl with water and leave it for 10 days.  Turmeric is helpful in rooting and sprouting and after 10 days take a paper towel then fold it once and  spread these seeds with distance with each other in a paper towel (tissue paper) and add 3-4 table spoon water on them then fold the paper towel again. Note, if towel is more wet then press it and remove extra water from the paper towel then  put this paper towel in a zipped or tight polythen for 20 to 25 days in a dark place. After 25 days you can sow these sprouted seeds, for that you need a small pot or any plastic bowl then fill it with rich soil consist of sandy, loamy and clay soil, black and smooth soil is best for cardamom. Then take a match box stick and make some tiny holes on the mud and place the cardamom sprouts on them then put a lid that contains few holes and now you can put this bowl in partial sunlight don’t put it in direct sunlight because sprouts are not strong enough to absorb direct sunlight. After some time when they grew at least 3 to 4 inches long then you can transplant them.

How many cardamom plants can be planted per acre

With the spacing of 7 x 7 around 1,000 cardamom plants can be planted in one acre land.

Is cardamom farming profitable

Yes, cardamom farming is profitable one can earn around 90 thousand from 1 acre cardamom after reducing all the expenses.

Sunlight required for elaichi cultivation

It is an exotic plant that needs partial sunlight with humidity in the environment and moisture in the mud.

Lifespan of cardamom plant

Cardamom has lifespan around 10 to 15 years. 

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